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Contraception

In this section you will find detailed information about what contraception is, when to use contraception, the advantages and disadvantages of each type of contraception. Methods and methods of contraception, emergency contraception and hormonal contraception are described in detail. Popular contraceptive preparations for contraception are described.

Interrupted sexual intercourse - effectiveness and harm

Interrupted intercourse is one of the methods of contraception, consisting in removing the penis from the vagina until the ejaculation begins. This method is used to prevent conception and is the oldest method of contraception.

Emergency Contraception

Emergency contraception is a method of contraception after unprotected intercourse, when immediate protection from unwanted pregnancy is needed: after a casual sexual intercourse, with a condom break, rape, etc.

Hormone-containing intrauterine contraceptives

"Mirena" is a levonorgestrel-releasing system made of polyethylene and having a T-shape. The length of the Mirena is 32 mm. Around the vertical shaft is a cylindrical container filled with levonorgestrel (52 mg), which exerts a stronger effect on the endometrium than progesterone. TO

Pure gestagenic implants

Introduction and removal of implants is carried out in the first 5 days of the menstrual cycle or any other day, with confidence in the absence of pregnancy in a woman.

Pure gestagene injection contraceptives

The first injection of the drug is carried out from the 1st to the 7th day of the menstrual cycle. The drug can be administered on any other day of the menstrual cycle with the confidence that the woman is not pregnant (negative test and history data).

Purely gestagen tableted contraceptives (mini-pili)

Reception gestagenovyh tableted contraceptives should be started from the 1st day of the menstrual cycle, the date of taking the tablets continues without interruption during the time of the necessary contraception.

Combined oral contraceptives (COCs)

Combined oral contraceptives are highly effective reversible means of preventing pregnancy. The Perl index (IP) of modern COCs is 0.05-1.0 and depends mainly on compliance with the rules for taking the drug.

What is hormonal contraception?

For the purpose of hormonal contraception synthetic analogues of female sex hormones, estrogens and progesterone, whose structure is close to natural, are used, and the activity is much higher. This allows you to get a contraceptive effect when using them in very low doses.

Contraindications to use of intrauterine devices

Contraindications to the use of this method of contraception are: Pregnancy or suspicion of it. Acute, subacute and chronic inflammatory diseases of the uterus and appendages with frequent exacerbations.

Complications and side effects of intrauterine devices

When using intrauterine devices, there may be both complications and undesirable side effects. With the introduction of intrauterine devices, it is possible to develop complications such as perforation of the uterus (0.2%).

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