With micronodular cirrhosis of the liver, there is a diffuse increase in echogenicity and deformation as a result of cicatricial and hepatic vein scarring. This is often combined with portal hypertension, splenomegaly, ascites, enlargement and varicose transformation of the splenic vein. The portal vein can have a normal or reduced diameter of the intrahepatic part, but can be increased in the extrahepatic section.
Currently, liver ultrasound is the most commonly used method in hepatology. US of a liver allows to receive the image of a cross section of a liver in any plane and to define depth of occurrence and extent of pathological process.