Diseases of the joints, muscles and connective tissue (rheumatology)

Why does the calf cramp and what to do?

Among these many symptoms, abnormal involuntary movements stand out - convulsions and spasms, which include focal myoclonic cramps in the calves of the legs, which are rather painful contractions of the biceps gastrocnemius muscle (Musculus gastrocnemius).


There are many rare diseases of a congenital nature, and one of them is a violation of bone growth - achondroplasia, which leads to a pronounced disproportionate short stature.

Treatment of connective tissue dysplasia

Unfortunately, no method is known that would permanently get rid of connective tissue dysplasia, since this is a genetic problem. However, the competent use of complex measures can stabilize the patient's condition, alleviate the clinical signs of the disease.

Connective tissue dysplasia in children and adults

Such a syndrome as connective tissue dysplasia is said to be when the human body is prone to disturbances in the formation of cartilage tissue of joints, as well as other tissues, from birth. 

Treatment of osteochondropathy

In addition to drug therapy, the patient is prescribed a course of physiotherapy: therapeutic massages, electrophoresis, paraffin baths, heating, exercise therapy, shock wave therapy.

Osteochondropathy in children

In children, this pathology is much more common than in adults. This is due to the active growth of their bone system. The main age group of patients from 2 to 18 years.

Bone osteochondropathy

Osteochondropathy is a group of diseases of the osteo-articular system. They are characterized by aseptic subchondral infarction of the marginal portion of the spongy substance of bone tissue in places with increased stress.

Keller's osteochondropathy

It occurs in two forms, affects the bones of the foot and is age-related. Most often occurs in children and adolescents.

Osteochondropathy Shlyatter

The disease occurs on the background of long-term injury to the musculoskeletal system during the period of intensive growth of the skeleton. 

Osteochondropathy Scheuermann-Mau

The disease is characterized by damage to the bodies of the thoracic disks and vertebrae, the switching plates. 


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