Diagnosis of glaucoma

Confocal Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy

Confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy - a method for the formation and analysis of a three-dimensional topographic image of the optic nerve disk in real time.

Scanning laser polarimetry

With scanning laser polarimetry (SLP), the peripapillary thickness of SNV is determined when measuring the total birefringence of the fundus.

Structural studies in glaucoma

Glaucoma parameters are measured by evaluating the excavation of the optic nerve disk, the defects of the SNV and, possibly, the ratio of their thickness in the macula. These parameters are reliable signs of glaucoma and its progression.

Multifocal Electroretinography

Electroretinography objectively establishes a dysfunction of the retina. With multifocal electroretinography, focal responses are obtained from a large number of retinal sites and topographic maps of zones with a disturbed function are constructed.

Shortwave automatic perimeter

With short-wave automatic perimetry (SWAP), the sensitivity of glaucoma lesions diagnostics is higher in the early stages than with the standard automatic perimetry.

Dual frequency perimetry

Dual Frequency Perimetry (WELCH) technology (Welch Allyn, Skaneateles, NY, and Humphrey Systems, Dublin, CA) serves to provide an effective early assessment of the visual fields and the detection of glaucomatous changes in the visual fields.

Assessment of the condition of the optic nerve and layer of nerve fibers

Glaucoma - a common cause of blindness in all countries, can develop in any age group, but especially often after 40 years. Increased intraocular pressure is the most important causative risk factor for glaucoma, but high intraocular pressure is not necessary for the development of glaucomatous lesions.

Ultrasound biomicroscopy for glaucoma

With ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) of the anterior segment, high-frequency sensors (50 MHz) are used to obtain high-resolution images (approximately 50 μm), which allow you to see the anterior segment of the eye in vivo (penetrating depth - 5 mm)

Methods for visualization and diagnosis of glaucoma

It has been established that the goal of the treatment of glaucoma is to prevent the further development of symptomatic vision loss with the maximum reduction of side effects or complications after surgical interventions.

Technique of dripping eye drops

Drops can be instilled in various ways. Method using two hands. The patient should tilt the head back so that his gaze is directed upwards.