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Lactic acid (lactate) in the blood

Lactate (lactic acid) is the final product of glycolysis. In conditions of rest, the main source of lactate in the plasma is red blood cells.

Fructosamine in serum

Fructosamine is a product of glycosylation of blood plasma proteins. Glucose enters into a non-enzymatic interaction with proteins, forming Schiff bases.

Glycosylated hemoglobin

The reference values (norm) of the content of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in the blood are 4,0-5,2% of the total hemoglobin.

Glucose in the blood

Glucose is one of the most important components of blood; its amount reflects the state of carbohydrate metabolism. Glucose is evenly distributed between blood shaped elements and plasma with some predominance in the latter.