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Radionuclide Diagnostics

Radionuclide scanning

Radionuclide is an unstable isotope, which becomes more stable when energy is released in the form of radiation (nuclear decay). This radiation can include particulate emission or y-ray photons.

Radiation methods of diagnosis in nephrology

Radiation, or visualizing, research methods occupy an important place in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of kidney disease. Their role has increased especially in recent years due to the technical improvement of methods, which greatly increased their resolution and safety.

Radioisotope diagnosis of urological diseases

Modern medical disciplines are impossible without interaction with related specialties, especially diagnostic ones. Successful treatment and its prognosis depend to a large extent on the quality and accuracy of the diagnostic tests.

Angiography of the brain and spinal cord

Angiography is a method of studying the vascular system of the brain and spinal cord by injecting a contrast agent into the arteries that supply blood to the brain. First proposed by Monica in 1927, but widespread use in clinical practice began only in the 1940s.

Thermography

Medical thermography is a method of recording the natural thermal radiation of a human body in the invisible infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. Thermography defines a characteristic "thermal" picture of all areas of the body. In a healthy person, it is relatively constant, but with pathological conditions varies.

Clinical radiometry

Clinical radiometry is the measurement of the radioactivity of the whole body or part of it after the administration of the RFP. Usually in clinical practice gamma-emitting radionuclides are used.

Single-photon emission tomography

One-photon emission tomography (OFET) gradually replaces the usual static scintigraphy, since it allows to achieve the best spatial resolution with the same amount of the same RFP. To detect much smaller areas of organ damage - hot and cold nodes. To perform the OFET, special gamma cameras are used.

Scintigraphy

Scintigraphy is the acquisition of images of the patient's organs and tissues by recording on a gamma camera the radiation emitted by an incorporated radionuclide.

Radionuclide study

Depressingly long seemed the distance between physical laboratories, where scientists registered tracks of nuclear particles, and everyday clinical practice. The very idea of the possibility of using nuclear-physical phenomena for the examination of patients could seem, if not insane, then fantastic. However, exactly such an idea was born in the experiments of the Hungarian scientist D.Heveshi, later the Nobel Prize winner.

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