General information

Dry and wet gangrene of the toes in diabetes mellitus

One of the serious problems associated with chronic hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) is gangrene in diabetes, which occurs in patients with this metabolic disease due to poor blood supply to tissues and deterioration of their trophism.

Disability in type 1 and 2 diabetes

Generally, the status of a disabled person helps patients to adapt to the conditions of life, especially in severe forms, provides an appropriate level of protection and guarantees, material and medical benefits, makes some social services and benefits available.

Trophic ulcers with diabetes on the legs

Diabetes is a complex disease that manifests itself not only by increasing the sugar level. The function of many organs is disrupted, the innervation and trophism of the skin is deteriorating. Unfortunately, this process is difficult to treat, and can arise again in the same place.

Prediabetes in adults and children

About such a disease as diabetes mellitus wrote and talked so much that not to have an idea about him can only a very small child. But in medical practice there is also such a thing as prediabetes (or prediabetes), which is clearly connected with the previous diagnosis, but still differs markedly from it.

Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus

In accordance with the definition of diabetes as a syndrome of chronic hyperglycaemia, proposed by WHO in the year 981, the main diagnostic test is the determination of the level of glucose in the blood.

Diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy

Diagnosis and establishment of the stage of diabetic nephropathy are based on the history of the disease (duration and type of diabetes mellitus), the results of laboratory studies (detection of microalbuminuria, proteinuria, azotemia and uremia).

Diagnosis of diabetic neuropathy

The diagnosis of diabetic neuropathy is based on the corresponding complaints, anamnesis of type 1 or type 2 diabetes, data from a standardized clinical examination and instrumental research methods (including quantitative sensory, electrophysiological (electromyography) and autofunctional tests).

The causes and pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy

The frequency of various forms of neuropathy among patients with diabetes mellitus reaches 65-80%. Diabetic neuropathy develops at any age, but clinical manifestations are more common in people older than 50 years.

Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in children

Practically all children with a newly diagnosed disease have certain clinical symptoms. Hyperglycemia and glucosuria confirm the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. The level of glucose in plasma of venous blood is higher than 11.1 mmol / l. In addition, most children diagnosed with ketonuria. Sometimes a child is diagnosed with an increase in glucose concentration above 8 mmol / L in the absence of symptoms of diabetes mellitus.

What causes diabetes in children?

It is suggested that in the development of diabetes mellitus, both genetic predisposition and environmental factors are important. Hereditary predisposition to type 1 diabetes is associated with an unfavorable combination of normal genes located in different loci on different chromosomes, most of which control various parts of autoimmune processes in the body.
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