Diseases of the genitourinary system

Angiomyolipoma of the left and right kidney

Among benign tumors, there is such a specific neoplasm as angiomyolipoma, which can be accidentally detected during imaging of the abdominal organs.

Cracks in the foreskin in men and children

Cracks in the foreskin appear on the inner side of the skin sheet. They are both small, inconspicuous, not causing painful sensations, and large, which cannot be overlooked.

Testicular hematocele

Hematocele usually results from hemorrhage from damaged blood vessels. This happens with traumatic injuries, surgical procedures. In some patients, the appearance of pathology is associated with the development of testicular cancer, when the tumor grows and violates the integrity of the scrotal vascular network.

Prevention of cystitis in women, men and children

For the prevention of chronic cystitis, it is important not to delay urination, to protect yourself from colds, to observe personal hygiene, especially in the intimate area. The underwear should be loose, do not squeeze the bubble.

Why is the scrotum swollen and what to do?

A symptom such as scrotal edema can occur for various reasons in men at any age, it can be unilateral or bilateral, it can be accompanied by other symptoms, in particular, hyperemia and pain.

Types and why are bacteria in urine dangerous?

Today, more and more often one hears the question of whether bacteria in urine are dangerous. Should they show up there? It turns out that urine is considered a conditionally sterile biological fluid, so normally it shouldn't contain bacteria. 

Bacteria in urine: diagnosis, treatment

Bacteria in the urine are an extremely unfavorable sign that indicates a severely ongoing inflammatory and infectious process affecting the kidneys, urinary tract, and possibly even the blood and other body systems.

Bacteria in urine: what does it mean?

Various pathologies of internal organs, in particular of the kidneys, urinary tract, are accompanied by the fact that bacteria in the urine of women and men begin to multiply intensively.

Diffuse changes in the parenchyma and sinuses of the kidneys: what is it?

Explaining to patients what diffuse changes in the kidneys, detected during their ultrasound scan (US), mean, nephrologists and urologists talk about echographically visualized pathological abnormalities in the tissues and individual structures of this organ.


If we translate the name "azotemia" from Latin, it literally means "nitrogen in the bloodstream." Sometimes this condition is called uremia - that is, "urine in the bloodstream", but the concepts are not exactly the same: azotemia is usually the basis of uremia.