Diseases of the digestive system in our time have reached such a prevalence that they are usually spoken about as often as about a cold or allergy. At the same time, mainly stomach and intestinal diseases are taken into account, and we forget about such an important organ as the esophagus - the muscular tube, through which food comes from the oral cavity into the stomach.
Most of the attacks of acute pancreatitis pass fairly quickly and, it would seem, do no irreparable damage to the pancreas, which produces not only digestive enzymes, but also important hormones such as insulin and glucagon.
The complex and diverse activity of the digestive organs is innervated by a whole system of nerves that enter their walls and are weaved by a dense network around glands and smooth muscle tissue consisting of layers of nerve cells that perceive and regulate the process of digesting food.
The absence of contractions of the stomach muscles leads to a delay in food in the body, its rotting, the formation of pathogenic flora. All this causes pain in the epigastric region, various disorders in the digestive system.
Severe diarrhea is observed periodically in many patients. There are many reasons for this. This phenomenon brings discomfort to a person, reduces the quality of life, restricts freedom of action and work capacity.
One of the indicators of the state of the digestive system is the color of the feces, the normal brown color of which is due to the presence of the final products of the cleavage of unbound bile yellow pigment bilirubin - strobobilinogens (L-urobilinogens).