In addition to herbs, pharmacies offer us excellent natural preparations, which contain extracts of medicinal plants that have a healing effect on the urinary system. Such drugs are often prescribed by urologists to patients suffering from inflammation of the kidneys or bladder.
The names of such drugs often themselves indicate the scope of their application: Urolesan, Uronefron, Cyston, Canephron, Cysto-Aurin (a single-component preparation based on goldenrod herb), Phytolysin, Uroprofit and many other. The form of release of drugs can be different: tablets, capsules, paste, solution.
Indications for the use of the above drugs are generally similar. They are used in the treatment of acute and chronic forms of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract. Indications for the use of herbal preparations include cystitis, and pyelonephritis or glomerulonephritis. Many drugs are also prescribed in the complex therapy of urinary and nephrolithiasis, gallbladder diseases, biliary dyskinesia.
Usually, doctors prescribe medications based on symptoms and the course of the disease, but for the most part, such drugs are interchangeable. If there is no effect from taking one drug, it is replaced by another with a similar effect, but with other active substances.
The pharmacodynamics of the above drugs is also similar. Since these are combined multicomponent drugs, manufacturers are trying to ensure that their drugs cover all the necessary effects: anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, diuretic (diuretic).
The pharmacokinetics of herbal preparations is not considered, since it is difficult to trace such categories as absorption, metabolism and distribution in the body of individual drug components. In addition, most urological drugs do not have a negative effect on the excretory organs, and in particular on the kidneys and urinary system, but, on the contrary, are designed to treat it.
Usually, herbal preparations are well absorbed in the digestive tract and begin to act after 30-60 minutes for 4-6 hours.
Herbal preparation, which includes mint and fir oils, oregano hop extract and several other active ingredients of natural origin. Urolesan is available in the form of drops and capsules. They must be applied internally.
Method of application and dose. Herbal tablets for cystitis take 1 capsule three times a day. The capsules are swallowed whole and washed down with water.
Drops are taken on a piece of sugar or bread (for diabetes). Single dose - 8-10 drops.
Application for children. For children from 2 years old, such a form of release of the drug as a syrup is recommended. Up to 7 years of age, the recommended dose is 2-4 ml of the drug, older patients can be given 4-5 ml of syrup. Multiplicity of reception - 3 times a day.
The drug is recommended to be taken before meals. In the acute form of cystitis, treatment takes from 5 to 7 days, in the chronic form, it can last a month.
Doctors recommend that you follow the indicated norms for taking the medicine in order to avoid an overdose, which manifests itself in the form of nausea and dizziness. You can remove unpleasant symptoms with the help of warm drinks in large volumes, taking activated charcoal, and rest.
Side effects of the drug usually come down to dyspeptic disorders and allergic reactions, but in some cases, patients may also complain of headaches, dizziness, weakness, fluctuations in blood pressure.
Contraindications to the use of "Urolesan" can serve as diseases of the gastrointestinal tract of an inflammatory nature (gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer), a predisposition to convulsions in children, hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.
Studying the interaction with other drugs, scientists have not identified significant reactions that should be taken into account when prescribing complex therapy.
Drops, syrup and tablets (capsules) are recommended to be stored for 2 years from the date of issue at a temperature not exceeding 25 degrees. After opening the bottle, the syrup should be stored in the refrigerator for no more than 4 weeks.
The drug is in the form of a greenish paste with a specific smell and taste. Phytolysin contains extracts of several plants (goldenrod, horsetail, mountaineer, couch grass roots, onion peel, birch, fenugreek, parsley root, lovage) in combination with oils (orange, sage, mint, pine).
Method of application and dose. Pasta should be taken daily after meals 3-4 times a day. Single dose - 1 tsp. The paste should be dissolved in half a glass of water. The course of treatment is individual, but usually does not exceed one and a half months.
There have been no reports of an overdose of the drug, but the drug is not well tolerated by all patients. It can cause nausea and vomiting, allergic reactions, and tends to increase sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation.
In contraindications to taking the paste, we find: individual intolerance, kidney and heart failure, the presence of phosphate stones. The drug is not used in pediatrics and the treatment of glomerulonephritis.
"Fitolysin" may interact with other drugs. It is able to enhance the effect of blood thinners, NSAIDs, hypoglycemic agents based on lithium, MAO inhibitors. Delays the excretion of paracetamol from the body, reduces the absorption of drugs in the intestine.
You can store the medicine at room temperature for no more than 3 years.
Liquid preparation, often used in the complex therapy of urinary tract diseases. Contains 3 active substances - extracts of centaury, lovage and rosemary. A useful property of the drug is the ability to prevent the formation of urinary stones.
Method of application and dose. Kanefron is intended for the treatment of patients older than 12 years. The recommended single dose of the drug is 50 drops. You need to take it three times a day.
Drops are recommended to be used undiluted, but because of the bitter taste, it is difficult to treat pediatric patients with them. For children, the medicine can be diluted with any drink in a small amount.
The duration of treatment depends on the severity and form of the pathology, but even prolonged use of the drug in the indicated doses does not cause its accumulation in the body and overdose.
Side effects of the drug are similar to those described above. Usually, the case is limited to nausea (less often diarrhea and vomiting) and mild allergic reactions in the form of a skin rash and redness.
Contraindications to the use of the drug are individual intolerance to the drug, exacerbation of stomach ulcers, edema caused by heart or kidney failure. Taking the drug is recommended to be accompanied by the use of a large amount of liquid, therefore, in cases where fluid intake due to some health disorders needs to be limited, it is not advisable to prescribe the drug.
You can store the medicine for 2 years, but if the bottle has been opened, you can use its contents for only six months.
Herbal tablets used in cystitis caused by urinary or kidney stones. This multi-component preparation contains plants that have a diuretic, astringent, antimicrobial, antispasmodic effect, as well as natural substances that contribute to the crushing and dissolution of urinary calculi of various compositions. The medicine is used both to combat urolithiasis and cystitis, and to prevent stone formation.
Method of application and dose. Like Canephron, Cyston is prescribed to patients over 12 years old.
To dissolve stones, patients under 14 years of age should take 1 tablet per dose, over 14 years old - 2 tablets. The frequency of admission during the first 3-4 months - 3 times a day, then 2 times a day, patients take halved dosages (respectively ½ and 1 tablet).
Treatment of infectious cystitis is carried out in the same dosages that are used to dissolve stones in the first months of treatment, but the duration of the therapeutic course is less - 4-6 weeks. With relapses of cystitis, dosages of the second half of the treatment of urolithiasis are effective.
Among the side effects of the drug, it is worth noting skin rashes, possible disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and liver, pain in the lumbar region associated with the act of urination (this is quite logical and does not require discontinuation of the drug), as well as allergic reactions. With individual sensitivity, Quincke's edema is rarely observed.
Contraindications to the use of the drug are kidney disease (nephritis and nephrosis), severe acute pain in the urinary tract, hypersensitivity to the drug.
When using a drug simultaneously with others, drug interactions must be taken into account. "Cystone" affects the effectiveness of the antibiotics sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim and norfloxacin, which requires dose adjustment of the latter.
You can store the medicine for 3 years. At the same time, it retains its properties even at higher temperatures than room temperature (up to 30 degrees).
We have considered only a few drugs that contain herbs for cystitis, which means they can be used in the treatment of this disease. More complete information can be obtained from the attending physician, who will select the remedy that is preferable in each specific situation. Information about the prescribed drug can be obtained from the annotation to it.