After the procedure, you may experience a feeling of numbness, swelling, loss of sensitivity in the throat. This is normal. These are the effects of local anesthesia. The sensations will pass after 1-2 hours. There may also be various unpleasant sensations in the throat, including pain, burning, and perspiration. Usually it passes after 2-3 days on its own, without having to take any action.
There are no more consequences. This is due to the fact that today the technique is more perfect, it makes it possible to carry out the procedure accurately. And usually the consequences that arise are not related to the digestive tract, but are more related to the technique of implementation and application of medicines.
Long-term practice has proved that gastroscopy is a safe procedure. Complications are rare. A dangerous complication is perforation, which is the perforation of the wall of the internal organ. This situation requires immediate surgical intervention, since there may be severe bleeding and further death. Similar injuries can occur during a biopsy, or removal of polyps. Also, during these manipulations, bleeding often occurs. However, one should not worry, since such pathologies are extremely rare.
Sometimes perforation occurs as a result of inflation of the walls of internal organs with the help of air in the presence of tumors and deep ulcers. Usually complications are divided into 4 groups:
- mechanical damage (cracks, scratches, injuries, damage to the walls of the organs, malfunction of the mucous membranes);
- damage to the esophagus and stomach;
- esophagus rupture
- perforation of the stomach.
The main reason for such complications is the human factor. Usually complications are the result of rough introduction of the endoscope, inadequate behavior of the patient, disregard for the doctor's recommendations and contraindications.
Infection with gastroscopy
Many patients are concerned with the question of whether it is possible to catch during a gastroscopy. Previously, such a probability was not excluded. But today you can not worry about this at all: there is no risk of infection during the procedure. Today, strict standards and requirements exist in the field of sterilization and disinfection.
All tools are thoroughly processed. First, mechanical cleaning of the endoscope is carried out, then it is soaked in special solutions. For disinfection, use the newest sterilization cabinets and autoclaves, which provide 100% slaughter of any flora. In an autoclave, sterilization occurs under the influence of high temperatures and high humidity under reduced pressure. This provides complete slaughter of all possible forms of life, with the exception of extreme forms (archaeans) that inhabit deep thermal springs and volcanoes. Of course, in the office of a gastroenterologist such forms of life can not be met.
Also there are powerful disinfectants - solutions that provide reliable protection against microorganisms, including from viral, bacterial, fungal and even intracellular parasites.
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Blood after gastroscopy
After a gastroscopy, blood may appear if the mucous membranes are damaged, when bleeding starts from the ulcer, after taking a biopsy or removing polyps. This phenomenon is extremely rare. Usually, even if there is blood, it stops very quickly without any additional intervention. The risk of bleeding increases with blood diseases, with reduced coagulability, as well as during critical days and with hypertension.
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Pain after gastroscopy
Some patients argue that the procedure is painful, while others are sure that it is not associated with pain. The only thing that converges absolutely everything - the procedure causes discomfort and unpleasant sensations. Spasm, pain and vomiting reflex can be felt when you insert a gastroscopy into the pharynx, at the very beginning of the procedure. The psychological mood is very important. If at this time to relax, calm down, begin to breathe smoothly and calmly, everything will pass safely.
In some patients, pain occurs after the procedure. Your throat may be sore. There may be minor pain in the esophagus and stomach. This is due to the fact that a certain amount of air is introduced into the cavity, which makes it possible to straighten the walls of the esophagus and stomach and better examine the condition of the internal organs. Sometimes the pain occurs after taking a biopsy or removing polyps, if such activities were carried out. Usually, such feelings take place within 2-3 days, no measures need to be taken.
Sore throat after a gastroscopy
After a gastroscopy, some patients may have a sore throat. This may be due to the side effect of the drugs used, with mechanical damage. It can also occur as a result of a throat spasm, due to the patient's excessive nervousness. In mild cases, this pathology passes several days later without the need for additional treatment. In the event that a person has weakened immunity, or there is a source of chronic infection in the body (for example, caries, sinusitis), an infection can join. In this case, an inflammatory and infectious process develops. Often there is tonsillitis.
Harm of gastroscopy
Gastroscopy can only harm those people who resist, are unnecessarily nervous and behave inadequately. In such a situation, the risk of complications and mechanical damage increases sharply. The procedure will also be dangerous if you do not inform the doctor about allergies, intolerance to substances, concomitant diseases, diabetes mellitus, people with blood clotting disorder, hemophilia, especially if polyps need to be removed or biopsies taken. In other cases, the procedure is considered absolutely harmless.