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Kuperoz is one of the pathologies, the origin of which is the violation of the microcirculatory bed, developing as a result of an increase in the diameter of the vessels and increase the fragility of their walls. In general, clinical manifestations affect the most sensitive parts of the skin.
The threshold of sensitivity can be determined by each person independently, since he knows the reaction of the skin to the influence of surrounding factors. It reacts very brightly to irritants with redness or even an inflammatory reaction.
This can be a temperature drop, washing with a new remedy and even touching. Clinical manifestations are itching, a sensation of tingling and burning. At first, there is a uniform hyperemia on the forehead, nose or cheeks, which in future can become a good soil for the development of couperose.
Due to the thin skin, the blood vessels are very superficial, so if their fragility is high, small hemorrhages are seen very well, which ensures a permanent reddening.
Causes of Couperose
This type of pathology, like most other diseases, can have a genetic cause of occurrence. However, in order to reduce the likelihood of development of couperose, it is necessary to avoid the influence of certain provoking factors or even to reduce their negative impact.
The causes of couperose are mainly in the violation of blood circulation in the area of skin, as well as increased fragility of the vascular wall.
Development of such changes is promoted by hormonal imbalance in the body, which is observed with long-term use of hormonal contraceptives, substitution therapy, in the presence of endocrine system diseases or during periods of physiological adjustment, for example, menopause, pregnancy or adolescence.
The causes of couperose also include surrounding factors, bad habits and diet. So, the state of skin, with high sensitivity is especially affected by temperature differences and ultraviolet radiation.
In addition, a person who consumes a large amount of coffee, chocolate and hot food is prone to the emergence of couperose. This also applies to excessive alcohol consumption, smoking and constant exposure to stress factors.
Symptoms of Couperose
Most often suffer from couperose people with a light shade of skin, especially women. But it is worth noting that, despite the fact that the female sex begins to get sick with couperose earlier than men, after all the condition of their skin is much better than the male.
It is possible to suspect the onset of the disease by paying attention to your skin. Noting that she is sensitive enough to various factors, you can try to warn yourself against the development of pathology. However, if there is still a pronounced blush, the skin has become much drier and visually seen blood vessels, it is worth to consult a specialist for further diagnosis.
Symptoms of couperose can be seen on the face, since here the most sensitive skin covers. Thus, in the region of the nose, forehead, chin and cheeks, small hemorrhages formed as a result of a violation of the integrity of the vessel wall begin to be visualized.
Symptoms of couperose in the absence of treatment noticeably progress and contribute to a more rapid aging of the skin, which for women is not a very good result. This is due to the lack of incoming nutrients to these areas of the skin in view of the fragility of the vessels feeding them.
As a result, the skin becomes pale with a grayish hue, against which the blood network is located.
Kuperoz on the face
The pathology of the blood vessels can affect all organs and systems, but in some cases small capillaries, which are very superficially, suffer.
Kuperoz on the face - a fairly common manifestation of the disease. Its main symptoms are the expansion of capillaries, as a result of which they are seen through thin skin. Since the face is very sensitive skin, so it is here that the most frequent are the vascular "stars".
The capillary pattern eventually becomes clear and acquires a pinkish hue, and then a blue one. Concomitant clinical manifestations of couperose is periodic itching, insignificant sensations of tingling and burning.
Kuperoz on the face manifests itself in a greater degree because of the features of the skin, but it is not excluded the occurrence of vascular disorders on the legs or back. On the face, the disease causes not so much a threat to human life as aesthetic discomfort.
Over the years, manifestations of couperose become clear and more common, which worsens the external picture. Independently, the disease can not be cured, so when you have such symptoms, you should consult a specialist.
Violation of the peripheral circulation is found in many diseases, which are based on changes in the tone of the vascular wall, as a result of which they can not cope with their functions.
Kuperoz skin can occur as a separate nosological unit, but it is worth considering, it is with couperose that the systemic damage of blood vessels begins. At the heart of the development of couperose is the expansion of the capillary network, the localization of which is directly under the skin.
Kuperoz skin shows clinical symptoms on the skin of the lower extremities, back, chest, but most often the pathology is found on the skin of the face. This is due to its elasticity and small thickness, as a result of which the capillary network begins to be visualized, beginning with the second stage of the disease.
At the stage of the appearance of vascular "stars", the appearance suffers, as a result of which a person (most often a woman) starts to pack and close in itself. However, do not get upset, because there are effective methods to combat capillary mesh.
Kuperoz on the nose
Disorders of local blood circulation can provoke the appearance of a visible capillary mesh through a thin and delicate skin of the face. Particularly affected area of the forehead, nose, cheeks and chin, where the vascular network is located.
Kuperoz on the nose manifests itself as a result of the loss of the vascular mesh ability to adequately shrink. Skin covers, reacting to temperature changes and other factors, often become hyperemic. This is due to the superficial capillaries that expand.
However, as the irritating factor acts, the vessels "get used to" and begin to struggle with it, trying to narrow the lumen. So, with the normal operation of blood vessels, they narrow and restore the habitual shade of the skin.
Kuperoz on the nose develops as a result of loss of the vascular wall of elasticity, which violates the outflow of venous blood from the skin. Further, there is a slowing of the local circulation in the epidermis, as a result - the venules are excessively dilated and provide a red shade of the skin.
Thus, insufficient nutrition of the skin is noted, which provokes the appearance of acne, and in the future, the formation of a cone-like shape of the nose is possible.
Kuperoz on the wings of the nose
The disease covers all blood vessels of small caliber, in connection with which it is almost impossible to find separate localization. In general, the lesion is located on the skin of the face, in particular on the nose, forehead, cheeks and chin.
Kuperoz on the wings of the nose is often confused with the appearance of a small visible vascular wall, which was formed due to traumatization of blood vessels. Most often this process can be observed in chronic colds, when blood vessels in the region of the wings of the nose are damaged.
In order to make a differential diagnosis between the disease and the consequences, it is necessary to observe the spread of vascular "stars".
So, if they are localized not only on the nose, but also affect the cheeks, forehead and other areas of the skin of the face and not only, then it should be suspected couperose on the wings of the nose. But in the case of a locally located vascular network, measures should be taken to treat chronic rhinitis to prevent further trauma of the blood vessels.
Couperose on cheeks
The onset of the development of the disease is characterized by dryness and increased sensitivity of the skin of the face. Any touch, exposure to temperature or water during washing can provoke the appearance of persistent hyperemia of the face.
Kuperoz on the cheeks also begins with a sensation of tingling, the appearance of a slight itch and periodic burning. However, not all people suffer from dry skin the day before, but, on the contrary, complain about the excessive secretion of secretion of sebaceous glands.
Further, couperose on the cheeks is characterized by a stable reddening of the skin in the region of the cheeks, the appearance of which is due to the excessive fragility of superficially located vessels.
Over time, redness becomes the background for a distinctly visible vascular network. It appears due to the loss of elasticity and tone of the blood vessels, which is why they expand and are no longer able to fully reduce. Most often, pathology is observed in representatives of the female half of the population, especially those with a light shade of skin.
Kuperoz at the child
In childhood, any pathology should be considered very carefully, because it is probably a genetic pathology or the development of any serious disease. Kuperoz in a child manifests itself as in adults - the appearance of a visible vascular network. However, not always the so-called "stars" are a consequence of couperose.
In order to conduct differential diagnosis between couperose and other vascular pathology, you should click on the visible mesh with a transparent glass or even a ruler. If the "starlet" disappears after that, then it is worthwhile to suspect the child's couperose, but in the absence of color changes, it is necessary to consider the presence of another pathological condition.
Further examination of the baby should consist in the study of the functioning of the liver, as in the case of liver disease, the appearance of a vascular network is noted.
Do not forget about hereditary information, which can carry a violation of the local circulation as a result of a decrease in the tone of the vascular wall.
Also need to consider the option of a long stay of the baby in the open sunlight without protective creams, clothes and a headdress. Especially it concerns the time from 11.00 to 16.00 in the hot summer period.
Couperose during pregnancy
The disease has many predisposing factors to its occurrence, one of them is hormonal disorders in the quantitative and qualitative ratio of hormones in a woman's body.
Couperose during pregnancy can develop due to a change in the composition of hormones due to physiological restructuring of the body for bearing the fetus. These changes have a direct effect on the vascular wall, as a result of which it partially loses its tone and leads to excessive vasodilation.
Kuperoz during pregnancy is localized mainly on the skin of the face, for example, on the forehead, nose, cheeks and chin. At the heart of the development of the disease are stagnant phenomena in the capillary network, as a result of which they increase in diameter.
Further, with the passage of time and the progression of the process, there is an increase in the load on the vascular wall and a complete loss of elasticity. Thus, the skin covers acquire a hyperemic color, on the background of which there are enlarged capillaries, forming vascular "stars".
Treatment in the first 12 weeks with the help of medication or surgical intervention is unacceptable, but after overcoming this period, during which the formation of fetal organs is observed, it is possible to use medicines and other effective methods.
The stages of couperose
Most pathologies have a process staging, couperose is no exception. So, it is accepted to divide into three stages, which are characterized by common clinical manifestations, for example, itching, sensation of tingling and burning, and also some specific ones.
For the first stage of couperose, there are periodic sensations of "hot flashes", during which there is a hyperemia of the skin of the face without a specific cause.
In the future, reddening gradually decreases its intensity and disappears independently, leaving no traces. At this stage, the blood vessels still have a normal elasticity for a full reduction.
In the second stage of couperose, there is already a clearer visualization of the vascular pattern in the form of telangiectasias or, in another way, "stars". At the heart of their development is the loss of vascular wall ability to contract, so that they become visible through thin skin. It is from this stage that women most often start seeking medical help.
The third stage is characterized by already chronic disorders of the local circulation, because of which there is insufficient supply of nutrients to the skin. In addition, the likelihood of developing inflammatory reactions in this area of the skin increases.
Treatment of couperose
Tactics of the treatment of the disease involves the use not only of medicinal preparations, surgical methods, but also special care for skin integuments.
Treatment of couperose includes cleansing the skin with further moisturizing creams. If there is no restoration of the full-fledged water balance of the skin, they lose elasticity and a healthy appearance.
Special drugs can form a protective film on the surface of the skin, which protects them from the effects of environmental factors. In addition, it is recommended to use linoleic acid and vitamins E, C and K, which prevent the fragility of the vessels.
During the summer, it is necessary to moisturize and protect the skin from the effects of ultraviolet radiation. In addition, at night, the skin also needs to be taken care of. It can be provided by applying an evening soothing serum.
Treatment of couperose should not contain a toner with an alcohol content, which causes irritation and additional dry skin. It is necessary to tone it with the help of means based on chestnut, juniper and Ussuri hops.
As for peeling, you should use extremely soft exfoliating agents, for example, using masks with white clay.
Diet with couperose
Nutrition plays an important role in various diseases. Thanks to him, you can not only reduce the intensity of clinical manifestations of pathology, but also completely get rid of it.
Diet with couperose is based on the use of vitamins, the content of which can be found in everyday food. So, vitamin P is found in carrots, groats, in particular, buckwheat, pepper (red) and asparagus, parsley.
Vitamin K helps reduce the permeability of the vascular wall, so your diet should be enriched with spinach. As for vitamin C, it activates blood circulation and strengthens blood vessels. It is found in onions, black currants, citrus and sauerkraut.
Diet for couperose also implies the use of vitamin D in the form of dairy products or tablets. Omega 3 is found in fish products, especially in fish oil.
It is advisable to try to cook foods for a couple or bake, avoiding the process of roasting. In addition, do not forget about the water regime. To restore the water balance, you can drink green tea and still water.
In a day should drink about 1.5 liters of liquid, excluding from the diet of black tea, carbonated drinks and coffee.
Prevention of couperose
In order to avoid the development of couperose, it is necessary to adhere to simple rules. It is recommended to revise your lifestyle, food, give up harmful habits and take care of skin integuments.
Prevention of couperose is aimed at increasing the tone of the vessels, their constriction and obstruction, the formation of vascular "stars". To do this, it is necessary to avoid the influence of direct sunlight on unprotected skin, especially in the period of maximum activity from 11.00 to 16.00.
Prevention of couperose also consists in using special creams to withstand colds, wind and other unfavorable factors.
A good training of blood vessels is a sport that will strengthen the walls and prevent excessive vasodilation. Of bad habits, it is necessary to reduce or completely abandon alcohol and smoking, which adversely affects the vessel wall.
Also, do not forget about the correct diet, observing a certain diet and drinking enough fluids per day. As for the skin, they need regular care and support.
Forecast for couperose
This type of pathology is not a systemic disease and threatens human life. However, when vascular "stars" appear, it is worthwhile to conduct additional studies to exclude liver pathology, systemic vascular lesions and other diseases, manifestations of which can be telangiectasias.
The prognosis for couperose is favorable, since the blood vessels are affected locally, without involving the rest of the bed in the process. Kuperoz is a more aesthetic problem, especially for the female part of the population.
They begin to contact specialists to remove the visible vascular network and return the former appearance. Usually this occurs already in the second stage of couperose.
If the pathological process is not stopped, deeper layers of the skin can be damaged along with the blood vessels. As a result, the skin will not receive a sufficient number of nutrients, which may lead to the premature appearance of wrinkles, flabbiness and unhealthy complexion.
Kuperoz - a separate disease or a symptom of concomitant pathology? To resolve this issue in each case individually, you need to contact specialists to conduct a thorough examination and determine the tactics of treatment. One thing is certain - couperose is treatable, so do not delay it.