Nutrition and diet in food poisoning

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 16.10.2021

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Basically, when food poisoning suffers, the digestive system suffers; therefore, dieting with food poisoning is the second most important measure that helps to cope with intoxication. In the first place, of course, is the neutralization of symptoms and detoxification measures.

As a rule, under the influence of toxins, the entire mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract is inflamed, as it is irritated by vomiting and diarrhea. Accordingly, the diet for food poisoning should be aimed at restoring irritated intestinal walls, stomach, larynx. The first rule of the diet is to drink plenty of water; water should be at room temperature. Best of all, if the patient is given to drink pharmacy salt preparations - Gastrolit, Regidron or table mineral water without gas. Starting with literally one tablespoon, fluid intake is gradually increased to one cup every 1-1.5 hours. Any food in the first day after poisoning is excluded. Starting from the second day, you can give the patient 150-200 ml of liquid vegetable broth. The daily intake of food is as follows:

  1. The second day - 150-200 ml of broth in three doses, 2 rusks, 1, 5-2 liters of liquid, vegetable liquid puree (100 ml).
  2. Day three - liquid rice porridge in water - 250-300 grams, 2-4 crackers per day, 150-200 ml of vegetable broth, 3-4 galetny cookies.
  3. Fourth day - vegetable casserole without eggs (on semolina) - 200 grams, chicken broth - 150 ml, 3-5 crackers, 4-6 galetnye cookies, 100 grams of boiled fish in the form of patties.
  4. Fifth day - 250-400 ml of broth (chicken) with meatballs, boiled rice - 250 grams, 5-6 croutons, 250-300 grams of cottage cheese casserole (or soufflé).

trusted-source[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6]

Food after food poisoning

Diet after food poisoning should be as strict as possible. It is best to arrange a fasting period for the first two days and not to eat anything at all, replacing the food with a rich drink. Food after food poisoning is a menu that excludes dairy, meat, spicy and sour dishes. Faded vegetables in boiled form, vegetable broths, boiled cereals - rice and buckwheat, crackers, galetnye cookies - that is, perhaps, everything that will help the digestive tract recover faster. The famous diet. The diet number 5 or the Pevsner diet. The Pevzner diet number 5 also copes well with nutritional problems and contributes to the rapid restoration of the functions of the liver, gall bladder and intestines. It should be noted that the portions should be made small and gradually increase them every day. The diet should be fractional - from 5 to 7 times a day.

Food after food poisoning involves the use of such products:

  • Vegetable soups.
  • Boiled chopped meat in the form of steam cutlets.
  • Boiled minced fish in the form of steam cutlets.
  • Baked cottage cheese - soufflé, casseroles, puddings.
  • Porridge on the water (rice, buckwheat).
  • Crackers.
  • Cracker.
  • Boiled or baked vegetables.
  • Mineral table still water.
  • Green tea.
  • Decoction dill.
  • Baked or boiled fruits (not sour) - apples, pears, quince.
  • Chamomile decoction with honey.
  • Broth hips with honey.

trusted-source[7], [8], [9], [10]

What can you eat with food poisoning?

When food poisoning in the first day of the disease, any food is strictly contraindicated. First, most likely the food will not be taken by an irritated stomach, and second, food is an additional discomfort causing factor. Therefore, the question - what can you eat when food poisoning, asking for the only answer - nothing. Starting from the second day, it is possible only on the third, the use of a minimum amount of dietary products is allowed. Any dairy, meat, fish food is excluded.

Permitted Is forbidden

Home-made crackers, dry galetny lean cookies

Lenten vegetable soups, rice soups

Beginning on the fourth day, you can eat meatballs from poultry meat, steam veal cutlets, meat souffles

Starting from the fourth day, you can eat boiled lean fish, better - boiled fish cutlets

From the fifth day you can eat cottage cheese casserole, cottage cheese soufflé

Boiled, mashed vegetables

Broth rice, from the third day boiled rice, buckwheat

On the fifth day you can eat a steam egg omelet

Fruit jelly starting from the third day, green tea, decoction of raisins and rosehips

Fresh bread, biscuits, pies and so on

Meat broths, broths from poultry meat, broths on bones, milk soups

Sausage - boiled, smoked.

Fried meat, chops, fried patties, lard

Fried fish, smoked, dried, salted fish, caviar and milt fish, canned food is strictly prohibited

Milk, even boiled, yogurt, kefir

Raw vegetables, fruits

Millet, pearl barley, oatmeal

Fried, boiled and boiled eggs

Sour or too sweet compotes, canned compotes

What to drink with food poisoning?

When food poisoning is one of the rules - no food, but drinking regime is simply necessary. Plentiful drink rescues the victim from dehydration and hypovolemic shock. Besides the fact that the drunk liquid makes up for the losses from diarrhea and vomiting, it helps to flush the digestive tract and more quickly remove toxic products from the body. The following recommendations will help determine the question - how and what to drink during food poisoning:

  1. You need to drink in small sips so that an already irritated stomach can take in liquid.
  2. You need to drink in the mode - every hour and a half, throughout the day.
  3. A single dose of fluid - at least 200 milliliters.
  4. It is best to fill the fluid loss with pharmaceutical preparations, such as Regidron, which normalizes the electrolytic, salt balance.
  5. Alternatively, Regidron will be treated with a solution: for 1 liter of water ½ tablespoons of salt, one and a half tablespoons of sugar. The proportion can be changed in the direction of increasing salt.
  6. You can also drink plain water, but be sure to either boiled or purified.
  7. Effective and useful choice will be mineral table water without gas.
  8. As a drink, you can make a decoction of dill: for 1 liter of water - 1 teaspoon of seeds or chopped dill. Allow to boil for 2-3 minutes, insist 15 minutes, cool and drink in small sips. Broth should be weak, unsaturated.

Tea, even useful - green, broth hips, raisins, chamomile, and so on, in the first day of food poisoning should not drink. These drinking options are good to eat on the second and third day, after the symptoms of acute poisoning subside.

Thus, the diet with food poisoning should be as gentle as possible, the food fractional, drink - abundant.

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