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Diet with gastrointestinal diseases

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 20.11.2021
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The human gastrointestinal tract is divided into several departments. It has different organs. Therefore, one universal diet for gastrointestinal diseases is indispensable. Each diet needs to be built according to the disease that the patient has. But there are some general recommendations. Following them, you can create a meal plan. Such a diet with gastrointestinal diseases will help alleviate symptoms and avoid exacerbations of diseases.

Here are the general rules of such a diet. First, you can not eat in large portions. Fractional nutrition is one of the general principles of a diet for people with gastrointestinal diseases. Better five times a day to eat a little more than two or three times to eat large portions of food. Secondly, with gastrointestinal diseases do not recommend eating very cold or very hot food. Such food can irritate the esophagus and intestines. It is better to eat warm food.

Thirdly, it is important to remember that the process of digestion does not begin in the stomach and not even in the esophagus, but also in the mouth. That is, the process of chewing is the first stage of the process of digestion. Therefore, it is important to chew properly before ingestion. In addition, it is important that the food is well spiced with saliva, which also participates in the digestion process. To do this, one hour before a meal you need to drink a glass of water and generally drink enough fluids during the day, so that the body emits a lot of saliva. In addition, it is important to eat when there is a slight feeling of hunger.

trusted-source[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8]

What is the diet for diseases of the digestive tract?

Do you have digestive problems and want to know which diet for GI diseases will suit you best? There is a list of products that are banned for violations in the digestive organs. If you have gastritis or even a peptic ulcer, then there is a list of foods that should never be eaten. As a rule, such products irritate the gastric mucosa and can lead to bouts of pain and exacerbation.

In the first place on this list is acute food. A spicy food makes spices. Therefore, from the diet you need to exclude mustard, pepper in peas or chili, ginger and other spicy spices. In general, it is better to almost completely eliminate spices from the diet. But not only spices can irritate the gastric mucosa.

An even more irritant can be food with chemical additives. Therefore, when choosing products for a dietary table, you need to carefully read the label. Different dyes, preservatives, flavors or thickeners can also negatively affect the walls of the stomach and cause exacerbations of digestive tract diseases. And you can not eat dry. Dry and poorly chewed food also negatively affects the mucous membrane of the stomach.

Gentle diet with diseases of the digestive tract

With certain diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, one can not do without strict dietary restrictions. But there are cases when a sparing diet with gastrointestinal diseases is quite suitable. For example, such a diet will help cure gastritis. In such a diet, it is important not only what you eat, but also how you cook your food.

For example, with gastritis, you should avoid eating fried foods. It is best to cook the food or bake. You can also stew or steaming. It is also important to abandon the pickled products. They irritate the mucous membrane of the stomach, which is irritated with gastritis. Further, a gentle diet for GI diseases includes the use of liquid food. You can not eat dry.

Dry food also irritates the stomach, so it is important to eat soup and liquid porridge every day. It can be milk porridge or porridge on the water. Very useful soups, mashed potatoes or cereals and soups "mucous" consistency. It can be oatmeal, well-boiled rice porridge on milk. And you can also eat kissels.

Diet recipes for diseases of the digestive tract

In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, such as gastritis, it is very useful to eat porridge. In cereals, a lot of fiber. It helps to clean and empty the intestines. In addition, they are rich in useful carbohydrates, which are quickly and easily digested. Here are the diet recipes for digestive tract diseases. You can cook semolina porridge on milk with vanilla.

To do this, pour the milk into a saucepan and almost bring it to a boil. Immediately add salt, sugar and vanillin to taste in milk. Until the milk began to boil, before the very boiling, we fall asleep with semolina and stir well. Thus, you can avoid the formation of lumps in the porridge. We fill the porridge with a small piece of butter.

An excellent recipe for people with GI disease - cauliflower in breadcrumbs. Cabbage boil, or even better to prepare inflorescences for a couple. Then melt the butter, but do not fry it. We drop the inflorescences in breadcrumbs, pour oil and stew in a saucepan over low heat, or put it in the oven.

Zucchini is a very useful vegetable, especially for people with digestive problems. You can cook a summer lean soup from zucchini. For patients with gastritis it is not advisable to use strong meat broth. Therefore, this soup can be prepared on water or on a weak broth. In such a soup you do not need to make a roast. It is better not to pass all the vegetables, but to put them raw. But the flour should only be dried in a frying pan without oil.

For soup, you need potatoes, carrots, onions, celery, dill greens and parsley and rice cereals. Well, and of course, zucchini. It is best to use young zucchini. Boil water or prepare a weak broth. All vegetables and rice must be thrown into the already boiling water. Potatoes cut into cubes, rub the carrots and celery. Vegetables cut into small cubes. All vegetables are put into boiling water and cook for about five minutes. Then add rice and cook until done. In the end, add dried flour and finely chopped greens. Also at the end, add one tablespoon of sunflower or olive oil to the soup. Salt put better smaller. You can add turmeric for taste and color.

trusted-source[9], [10], [11], [12], [13], [14], [15]

Menu diet for diseases of the digestive tract

How to make a diet menu correctly for GI diseases? First, you need to start planning with a list of useful products. Go to the store or the market, make a list in advance. Buy everything you need to make porridge and soups, because they must become a healthy basis for the diet.

Secondly, it is important to plan to eat fractional and often. Instead of three usual meals, you need to break this amount of food into five receptions. At least once a day you need to eat soup and once a day liquid porridge on milk or on water. In the morning you can eat low-fat cottage cheese with fruits (bananas or baked apples) or with dried fruits. For dinner, you can boil for a couple or bake fish with mashed potatoes.

It is important to remember that you can not eat dry. But from the diet you need to exclude soda and some types of juices. Water should not be cold, but warm. And all the food is better to eat warm, not hot or cold.

Diet with gastrointestinal diseases will help you to restore health and prevent the development of more serious diseases. Therefore, you need to carefully think through the list for buying products and plan the menu of dishes for a day, and preferably for a whole week ahead.

What can you eat with gastrointestinal diseases?

Diet should not deprive your body of useful substances and adequate nutrition. Simply, there are a number of products or ways of processing them that need to be excluded from the diet or replaced. What can you eat with gastrointestinal diseases? A healthy diet should include five food groups: vegetables, fruits, cereals, meat, dairy products and fish.

From vegetables, you can eat boiled or baked potatoes, carrots, pumpkin, cauliflower and broccoli, but it is better not to consume white cabbage. It is also better to avoid eating eggplants and onions (fresh). But squash and squash are very useful.

Of fruits, it is better to eat stewed or baked apples, pears, melons, watermelons, bananas. It is better to avoid all citrus, because the acid irritates the mucous membrane of the stomach. Meat is better to eat lean. You can not eat fried meat, it is better to boil it, cook for a couple or bake.

From dairy products it is important to use fermented milk: kefir, sourdough, lean sour cream, yoghurts and so on. Fish better to eat sea, steamed or boiled. It is important to cook soups and cereals. From cereals for the stomach is best suited oats and buckwheat, as well as rice.

What can not be eaten with gastrointestinal diseases?

There are a number of products that strongly irritate the gastric mucosa, gall bladder or liver. This includes some vegetables, such as eggplant and white cabbage. Fatty meat or fish, too, must be excluded from the diet in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Fruits, in particular, citrus, contain acid, they too are not desirable. They can cause an exacerbation of the gastrointestinal tract. Also need to exclude from the diet of fatty milk and sour-milk products. Cottage cheese and other dairy products are best to choose low-fat. And you can not use most spices. This is a chili pepper, and other types of peppers, ginger, mustard and other spicy and spicy spices. And also in any case you can not eat fried foods and a variety of ready-made snacks, as well as fast food. Some types of juices can also irritate the gastric mucosa, for example, apple juice or grapes.

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