Olechka, who was at that time about three years old, once said: "I really love working!" What do you think she meant? You would never guess! She meant the game! We have already said that the game for any child is a learning process. So Olya was right, considering her game as a job.
At the age of one or two years, when children sleep two more times during the day, the best time for active wakefulness is the intervals between the first and second daytime sleep and from noon to dinner. If you take on the clock, it's about 13.00 to 15.00 and from 16.30 to 19-20 hours. If the child sleeps once in the day, then the time of active wakefulness falls on the time from 9.00 to 12.00 and after a day's sleep from 15.00-16.00 to 20-21.00. Some children, "larks", who get up early (at 6.00-7.00 am), can be active and before breakfast.
In the spring and summer, when the child does not sleep, it should be in the fresh air. (We will talk about the games of a child on the street when we look at walks.) And now we need to touch on the waking process of the child while he is at home - for example, in a cold period of time or when the weather is bad.
Being at home, the child can play either himself or under the guidance of an adult. In the first months of the second year of life, children usually reproduce previously learned activities during the game. They "feed" and "pump" the dolls, "dance" with them. Children observe what surrounds them, in particular - for the domestic work of adults, and take part in it to the full. In this game promotes the overall development of the child, expands his personal experience, helps the child develop positive traits of character - concentration, perseverance, purposefulness. Gradually, the elements of what the child sees around him begin to appear: he begins to "read" books, "dress up", "comb out", "clean up" in the room, etc. This is the so-called mapping game. For this game you need dolls, teddy bears, rabbits, cats and other animals, dishes of different sizes, boxes that the child can use as a bath, a bed for dolls, etc.
For mobile games, you need carts, cars that children carry behind them for a string, or toys on wheels with a stick (butterflies, birds, etc.) that you can carry, pushing in front of you. You need balls of different sizes, balls that can be rolled and thrown, hoops through which you can climb, boxes that you can climb, and so on.
At the beginning of the second year of life, the child continues to exercise in the development of his motor skills: he climbs a lot, climbing various objects, climbs the stairs, walks along a long bench, holding the adult's hand. Children are very fond of rolling and throwing a ball, and throwing it, run after it. Very often they try to attract adults. Little Lesha (1 3 months) "catching" an adult partner, begins to throw him a ball to catch him, and then, placing his hands, waiting for the adult to throw the ball back to him. Naturally, he still does not know how to catch him, but he is very happy when the adult, swinging, neatly puts the ball in his hands. He is especially happy when an adult says: "Well done, Leshenka! I caught the ball!"
Children really like to dabble in the water. They bathe the dolls, let the boats or boats. And during bathing, they love to splash with water, squishing on it with handles.
Along with moving games, a child at this age likes to fold cubes, pyramids, bricks, stick sticks or pencils into various holes. (Take care that the baby does not stick something into the electrical outlet!) On the one hand, it develops assiduity, on the other hand - the small muscles of the brush, which are responsible for the small muscle motor skills.
Children at this age are very fond of imitating adults by putting on their things - for example, a father's hat or mom's boots. They pick up a newspaper (nothing that it is upside down, but I "read" like Dad!), A broom ("I clean"), a hammer. Especially children like to rummage in my mother's handbag, taking out small items: lipstick, mascara, mobile phone, etc. And, despite the fact that it can irritate you, you need to overpower yourself and allow "digging" in your things. And it is desirable to accompany each item taken from the bag with a comment - what is it and why it is needed. Such a calm game is very useful for a child before going to bed.
It should be remembered that there should not be too many toys. It means that those toys, played by the child at the moment, should be just enough to maintain the attention of the child during the game. If there are a lot of them, the child's attention is dissipated, he grabs one toy, then another, and in the end nothing brings to the end. It is enough to give the child four or five toys. When the interest of the baby to them runs out, they need to be removed and given the next set, and this one to hide for a while. Later, on another day, for example, giving them to a child, you will see that he will treat them as new. At the same time a baby at this age can already have a favorite toy that never bothers him and which he includes in any of his games. Depending on the sex, it can be a doll, a bear, a dog, a typewriter or even a set of toys (for example, cubes).
Usually in a family toys are stored in a box, as if horrible, mixed - new and old, whole and broken. If you do not want to accustom your child to confusion, get busy sorting and repairing toys at leisure. And, of course, draw your child to this! Remember that for you it will be work, but for him it's a learning game!
When it's time to go to bed, the game should move from active to quiet. The best way to do this is reading or looking at books. It should be remembered that the child does not know how to handle them. Therefore, you do not need to give him a book and say at the same time: "Na. Honor". You must sit next to him or sit him on your lap and, showing him pictures, read the text or independently fantasize, which is depicted in the drawings. In this case, you must certainly remind the child that the book can not be torn, thrown, etc., etc. Otherwise, he will not learn how to handle books with care.
A child's independent play is of great educational importance. She allows him to show intelligence, wit, observation, will. And even if you sometimes have to make room (for example, the "railway" runs through the entire room), then do it. And if the child's play starts interfering with you, intervene for a while in it to change the situation to your advantage. In this case, do not shout at the child for the fact that he "gets confused under your feet" with his toys, and all the more so do not kick them away. Even if the child plays himself for a long time and does not bother you, from time to time you have to interfere with the game, directing it in the right direction. For example, if a girl plays with a doll (puts it to sleep, feeds, etc.), you can tell her: "Look, your puppet is sick. Give her a thermometer." And give your daughter a wand, a pencil or something like that. "Give her a shot. Give her water." Take the typewriter and take her to the doctor. " This way you will extend the game and give it a new direction. If a child builds something out of cubes, you can sit down to it, build something together, and then, after deconstructing the construction, invite him to build the same thing and help, if necessary.
It is absolutely unacceptable to interrupt the child's play, if there is not enough good reason for that. Even if you need to feed it, or put it to bed, or dress for a walk, you definitely need to help the child complete the game. If he is building something, then we need to help him finish building, if he drives a locomotive or a car, he needs to specify where the final point of the route is. Let him "bring" his staff there, give the last beep and go to eat: "Here is the terminal station." The engine must come here, and the driver must give a beep, close the door and go to the dining room to eat. " If you do everything right, then the child will not be nervous, will be capricious and will eat with appetite. If you interrupt the game roughly, he will be upset, he will cry, he will not want to leave the toys and will not eat well. Do you need this?
And one more remark. Playing with the child, you should always keep to the measure. For an active game, during which the child can run, laugh, jump, etc., you need to set aside time in the afternoon or evening, but in no case before going to bed. And most of the time it happens that when the adult members of the family come home from work and after eating some household chores begin to fuss with the child, he will soon have to go to bed. Of course, you can understand the pope or grandfather, who miss the baby and want to play with him. Dear adults! Remember that love is manifested in respect for the child. And if you "disassemble" him before going to bed, he will not sleep well, wake up at night and cry and your game will not benefit him, but harm. Better take quiet games with him: build something from cubes, read, paint, sing a song to him. Before going to bed, these games are much more useful than running around, fighting, boxing, football and other "sports".