Where to make the ultrasound of the shoulder joint and why the early diagnosis of injuries and bruises contributes to the rapid restoration of damaged tissues, let us consider these questions.
In most medical institutions, the X-ray examination of the shoulder joint remains, as before, mandatory in the algorithm for the study of patients with shoulder pathology. It is well known that X-ray research is highly informative in the search for traumatic injuries of bone structures. However, because of the low information content of the X-ray method in the mapping of soft tissue changes, very often in the presence of appropriate equipment, patients are sent directly to the MP-tomography of the shoulder joint, since this method makes it possible to assess the states of both soft tissue and bone structures. At the same time, a large experience of using the ultrasound method in the study of the musculoskeletal system showed that the shoulder joint is one of the most convenient and suitable joints for highly informative ultrasound investigation. This is because most of the pathological symptoms in this joint are due to changes in its soft tissues, which are perfectly displayed by ultrasound.
The wide distribution of ultrasound scanners, the simplicity of the procedure and the relatively low cost of the study make traumatologists today increasingly send patients directly to the ultrasound of the shoulder joint. In addition, the informativeness of the ultrasound of the shoulder joint is comparable with the informativeness of the MRI, and in some cases exceeds the latter (for example, in the study of the rotator cuff). The algorithm of radial examination for traumatic lesion of the shoulder joint is determined by the specific clinical situation. Thus, if a bone fracture is suspected, an X-ray examination should be carried out initially, if there are suspicions of muscle and tendon ruptures, ultrasound, and if there is a suspected intraarticular pathology, an MRI.
Ultrasound examination of the shoulder joint is used to study traumatic, rheumatological and other pathologies of joint bones, menisci, ligaments, cartilage, muscles. The ultrasound of the shoulder joints is more informative than the X-ray examination and is more accessible in comparison with magnetic resonance imaging.
With the help of ultrasound scanning, it is possible to detect lateral and medial epicondylitis, tendon ruptures and injuries, joint ligament injuries, fractures of the ulnar processes and condyles, bursitis, tenosynovitis, tendonitis, constriction or displacement of the ulnar nerve. The procedure does not require special preparation. Ultrasound is harmless and safe for the human body, so it can be carried out even by children. Ultrasound diagnosis is carried out in the sitting position, the humerus is treated in several positions.
If you received a doctor's referral for a diagnosis, the procedure can be free or at a minimum cost.