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Health

Tablets from urinary incontinence

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 10.08.2022
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Urinary incontinence is a serious problem that affects not only young children, but also some adults. Most often, this pathology is diagnosed in women. Many hesitate to contact a specialist and try to solve this problem on their own, but it is recommended to consult with a doctor immediately, which will help to choose the effective tablets for urinary incontinence in your case.

Indications of the incontinence tablets

First of all, it is necessary to understand that urinary incontinence develops after complete or partial loss of control over the sphincter of the urethra. It is thanks to him that urine remains in the bladder. There are many factors that lead to this problem:

  1. Increased activity of the bladder.
  2. Estrogen deficiency in the body.
  3. The inconsistency of the musculoskeletal system that support the bladder and urethra.
  4. Removal of the uterus surgically.
  5. Infectious diseases of the genitourinary system.
  6. Dropped uterus or anterior wall of the vagina.
  7. Depression and stress.
  8. Injuries in the pelvic area.

Statistics state that the most frequent cause of urinary incontinence is increased bladder activity. In order to get rid of it, specialists prescribe special medications.

trusted-source[1], [2]

Release form

To date, there are many drugs that help overcome such an unpleasant problem as incontinence. The most popular among them are:

  1. Driptan.
  2. Spazmeks.
  3. Vesicar.
  4. Betmiga.
  5. Vitaprost Forte.
  6. Detruzitol.
  7. Pantogam.
  8. Pantokaltsin.
  9. Urotol.
  10. Imipramine.

What medicine should be taken in your particular case, can only say with accuracy to the doctor. So be sure to go through all the necessary examinations.

trusted-source[3], [4], [5], [6], [7]

Driptane

A drug based on the active component of hydroxybutine hydrochloride, which helps to reduce the tone of the muscles of the bladder. It has an antispasmodic effect.

The recommended dose is 5 mg of the drug 2-3 times a day. For the treatment of children and the elderly, you can take 5 mg of the drug only twice a day.

If the patient has been diagnosed with an angle-closure glaucoma, intestinal atony, colitis, myasthenia gravis, obstructive uropathy, colonic enlargement, bleeding, Driptan tablets are prohibited. Do not use for therapy during lactation and pregnancy.

Taking this medication can cause constipation, nausea, dry mouth, diarrhea, insomnia or drowsiness, headaches, dizziness, weakness throughout the body, mydriasis, increased pressure inside the eye, arrhythmia, delayed urination, impotence and allergies.

trusted-source[8], [9], [10], [11], [12], [13], [14]

Spazmex

A drug based on the active component of trospium chloride helps to relax the muscles of the bladder. It differs spasmolytic and ganglion-blocking properties.

The drug is allowed to take from 14 years of age. Dosage and duration of therapy are individual and are established only by the attending physician. Tablets are consumed before meals with a sufficient amount of liquid.

Tablets Spazmeks are available in different dosage. The number of daily applications of this drug depends on it. When using a 5 mg drug, it is recommended to take up to three tablets 2-3 times a day. The interval between doses should be at least 8 hours.

When using a drug of 15 mg is recommended to take one tablet 3 times a day. When using a drug of 30 mg take half the tablet twice - in the morning and in the evening.

If the patient has a renal failure, the daily dose should not exceed 15 mg. On average, therapy lasts up to three months.

For patients with tachyarrhythmia, angle-closure glaucoma, delayed urination, myasthenia gravis, lactose intolerance or trospium chloride, spasmox tablets are not allowed. The use of this drug may cause pain in the chest, tachycardia, tachyarrhythmia, fainting, hypertensive crisis, dyspnea, dyspepsia, dry mouth, nausea, diarrhea, gastritis, hallucinations, acute necrosis of skeletal muscles, accommodation, urinary retention and allergies.

Vesicar

A drug based on the active component of solifenacin succinate, which reduces the tone of the musculature of the urinary tract. It has an antispasmodic effect. The maximum result from the use of this drug occurs only on the fourth week of admission, but remains up to 12 months.

You can take the drug from 18 years of age. The standard dosage is as follows: 5 mg of medication once a day. If there is such a need, the attending physician may increase the dosage to 10 mg. You can eat regardless of food.

If the patient has been diagnosed with severe or intestinal gastrointestinal disease, urinary retention, myasthenia gravis, abnormal liver function, angle-closure glaucoma, sensitivity to solifenacin succinate, it is prohibited to take the drug. For treatment of pregnant women is prescribed with caution. If you need to take Vesicare tablets during lactation, breastfeeding should be stopped.

Taking this medicine can lead to the development of constipation, nausea, diarrhea, dry mouth, dyspepsia, coprostasis, vomiting, dysgeusia, drowsiness, dry eyes and nose, erythema multiforme, rash, allergies, swelling of the legs, exfoliative dermatitis.

Bethmiga

A medicine based on the active ingredient mirabegona, which helps to cope with incontinence. It has a prolonged and spasmolytic effect.

You can take Betmig tablets from the age of 18. The standard dosage of this medication is as follows: 50 mg once a day. Drink plenty of water. For elderly patients, dose adjustment is not necessary.

If the patient has been diagnosed susceptible to mirabenton, end-stage renal failure, abnormal liver and kidney function, taking Betmig tablets is prohibited. During pregnancy, they are contraindicated.

Taking Betmig can lead to the development of tachycardia, infectious diseases of the genitourinary system, puffiness of the eyelids, cystitis, gastritis, dyspepsia, joint inflammation, allergies, vulvovaginal itching, and increased pressure.

trusted-source[15], [16], [17], [18], [19], [20]

Vitaprost Forte

The medicine is based on a special powder, which is obtained from the prostate tissue of the bull-calves, which has already reached puberty.

Take Vitaprost Forte is recommended in the following dosage: one tablet 2 times a day. The duration of therapy is established by the attending physician depending on the patient's condition.

Patients with intolerance to the active ingredient Vitaprost Forte, deficiency of lactose to take tablets are prohibited. In some cases, taking this medication can cause allergies.

Detruzitol

A drug based on the active ingredient of tolterodine hydrochloride, which helps to reduce the tone of the musculature of the bladder. It has antispasmodic properties.

Take Detrusitol is recommended, regardless of food, 4 mg of medication once a day. If necessary, the dose can be reduced to 2 mg per day if the patient is diagnosed to be intolerant. If the patient simultaneously uses ketoconazole - the daily dosage should not exceed 2 mg of the drug.

If the patient has been diagnosed with angle-closure glaucoma, urinary retention, myasthenia gravis, colitis, megacolon, fructose intolerance, sensitivity to tolterodine hydrochloride, it is prohibited to take Detruzitol tablets. For therapy, children are not used. When taking this medicine, women in childbearing age are recommended to use reliable contraceptives.

Taking Detroositol Tablets can cause sinusitis, allergies, headaches, dizziness, confusion, xerophthalmia, constipation, abdominal pain, meteorisms, diarrhea, fatigue, drowsiness, anaphylactic reactions.

trusted-source[21], [22], [23], [24], [25]

Pantogam

A drug based on the active component of the calcium salt of gopantenic acid, which is distinguished by an anticonvulsant effect.

Take Pantogam tablets recommended 15 minutes after eating. Can be used to treat children from the age of 3 (for babies and children under 3 years of age, a syrup is used). For adults, the recommended dose is 1 g of the drug 3 times a day. Children can take from 0.5 g 3 times a day. The therapy lasts up to six months. If necessary, the course can be repeated after 3-4 months.

Patients who have been diagnosed with phenylketonuria, malfunctioning of the kidneys, intolerance to gopantenic acid, taking this medicine is prohibited. Not used for therapy during pregnancy.

The use of Pantogam tablets can lead to the development of rhinitis, skin rashes, conjunctivitis, drowsiness, sleep disorders, head noise.

Pantokalcin

A drug based on the active component of calcium, gopentenate. It differs nootropic and anticonvulsant action.

Take Pantokaltsin recommended 15 minutes after eating. Adult patients can consume up to 1 g of the drug at a time. For children, a single dosage is reduced to 500 mg. These tablets are taken up to 3 times a day. The therapy lasts 2 weeks, but if necessary, the duration of the course can be increased to 3 months.

Patients who have been diagnosed with acute renal failure are not allowed to use the drug. It is not used for treatment in the first trimester of pregnancy. In some cases, taking Pantokaltsin causes allergies.

Urotol

A drug based on the active component of tolterodine hydrotartrate, which is used to reduce the tone of the smooth muscles of the bladder. It has an antispasmodic effect.

It is recommended to take this medication 2 mg 2 times a day. With Tolterodine intolerance, a doctor can reduce the daily dose to 2 mg once a day. If the patient simultaneously uses ketoconazole, Urotol should be taken at a dosage of 1 mg 2 times a day.

If the patient has been diagnosed with an angle-closure glaucoma, urinary retention, ulcerative colitis, myasthenia gravis, megacolon, and sensitivity to tolterodine hydrotartrate, Urotol tablets are not allowed. It is not used for therapy during pregnancy and in childhood.

The use of this medication can cause the development of Quincke's edema, allergic reactions, headaches, nervousness, drowsiness, tachycardia, arrhythmia, dry skin, delayed urination, bronchitis, pain in the chest.

Imipramine

A drug based on imipramine that helps to get rid of urinary incontinence during the day and night. It differs by antidiuretic action.

Receiving of Imipramine tablets is established by the attending physician depending on the patient's condition. The standard dosage for adult patients is 50 mg of the drug 3-4 times a day. For children from six to twelve years, the dosage is 30 mg of the drug 2 times a day. For the treatment of nocturnal incontinence, the following dosage is used: 75 mg of the preparation one hour before bedtime.

Patients who have been diagnosed with heart failure, abnormal kidney and liver function, impaired hematopoiesis, angle-closure glaucoma, are not allowed to take Imipramine tablets. Do not use during pregnancy and lactation.

The use of this medication can cause tremors, fear, motor anxiety, sleep disorders, convulsions, arrhythmia, tachycardia, cholestatic jaundice, photosensitivity, allergies, galactorrhea, constipation, nausea.

Pharmacodynamics

Consider the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of tablets against urinary incontinence on the example of Driptan.

This drug is an antispasmodic, so it is characterized by spasmolytic, m-cholinoblocking and myotropic action. Helps increase the capacity of the bladder, relax the detrusor, reduce the frequency of its contractions, thereby restraining the urge to urinate.

trusted-source[26], [27], [28], [29], [30], [31], [32]

Pharmacokinetics

After entering the body, the highest concentration of the active ingredient of oxybutynin hydrochloride is reached after 45 minutes. It is excreted by the kidneys 2 hours after the admission.

trusted-source[33], [34], [35], [36], [37]

Use of the incontinence tablets during pregnancy

During pregnancy, many women develop incontinence. This can be explained by the rapid increase in body weight, hormonal changes, increase in the uterus, which begins to put pressure on the bladder. In addition, a pregnant woman increases the natural load on the small pelvis.

It should be understood that not all tablets can be taken by pregnant women. Therefore, if you notice an unpleasant problem, you should immediately contact your doctor. He can find the right and safe treatment for you.

Contraindications

  1. Lactose intolerance.
  2. Sensitivity to the active components of the drug.
  3. Closed-angle glaucoma.
  4. Delayed urination.
  5. Incorrect work of the kidneys and liver.
  6. Heart failure.
  7. Myasthenia gravis.
  8. Colitis ulcerative type.
  9. Bleeding.
  10. Early age (for some medicines).

trusted-source[38], [39], [40], [41], [42]

Side effects of the incontinence tablets

  1. Tachycardia.
  2. Arrhythmia.
  3. Infectious diseases of the genitourinary system.
  4. Cystitis.
  5. Constipation.
  6. Nausea.
  7. Dizziness.
  8. Headache.
  9. Pain in the abdomen or chest.
  10. Allergy.

trusted-source[43], [44], [45], [46], [47]

Overdose

When overdosing with tablets from urinary incontinence, the following symptoms appear in patients: tremor, anxiety, nervousness, delirium, convulsions, hallucinations, nausea and vomiting, fever, tachycardia, lowering of blood pressure, paralysis. In rare cases, the patient may fall into a coma.

For the treatment of overdose use of artificial vomiting, gastric lavage, the use of laxatives or activated charcoal, support breathing. With severe tachycardia, a doctor can administer propranolol.

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Storage conditions

It is important to keep medicines from incontinence in a place that is inaccessible to young children. Do not expose sunlight to the product. The air temperature should not exceed +25 degrees.

trusted-source[51], [52], [53], [54], [55], [56]

Shelf life

Shelf life is, as a rule, 5 years. It is not recommended to use the medicine after the expiration of this period, as this can increase side effects.

trusted-source[57], [58], [59], [60], [61], [62]

Attention!

To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Tablets from urinary incontinence" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.

Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.

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