Tablets from alcohol poisoning
To begin with, we will clarify what alcohol poisoning is and why it is necessary to take tablets against alcohol poisoning.
Excessive doses of alcohol are detrimental to the human body. The process of cleavage of ethyl determines a strong toxic load on the functional activity of internal organs. In other words, a person received alcohol poisoning.
The consequence of this intoxication is a hangover syndrome. The hangover appears due to the fact that the body can not quickly get rid of the toxic substances that have arrived. To get out of this condition, you need to help the body to utilize toxins. In this situation, tablets from alcohol poisoning, divided into 2 groups, will help. The first type includes adsorptive medications. The second type includes medicines for symptomatic action.
It should be noted that adsorbents should be taken about 1 hour before drinking alcohol. This is due to the fact that the absorption of ethanol into the blood occurs quickly enough. For this reason, the sorbent does not have time to fulfill its medical mission. It will be more expedient to classify these medications as a preventative series.
Symptomatic drugs are aimed at removing unfavorable symptoms of hangover syndrome. And also significantly reduce the negative impact of a hangover on the patient's well-being.
Names of tablets from alcohol poisoning of the adsorption group
Specially treated coal of vegetable or animal origin. Has high surface activity. It has the properties to absorb (adsorb) harmful substances (toxins), gases, as well as salts of heavy metals, synthetic and natural alkaloids, hypnotics, poisons, phenol derivatives, glycosides, hydrocyanic acid, etc.
Indications for the use of activated carbon:
- Intoxications manifested in the form of dyspepsia, flatulence (swelling of the intestine), diarrhea, heartburn.
- Exacerbations of allergic diseases of various etiologies.
- Diseases of digestive organs of infectious origin (dysentery, salmonellosis).
- Poisoning by medicines, poor-quality food and toxic metals.
- Intoxication caused by psychotropic or narcotic substances, as well as alcoholic substances.
Methods of application and dosage:
At any poisoning 25g of activated carbon is prescribed as a suspension (pound the tablets and stir in boiled water at room temperature). A similar suspension is used in the gastric lavage procedure. In addition, when poisoning is prescribed a mixture in this proportion: 2 shares of activated carbon, 1 part of magnesium oxide and 1 share of tannin (2 tablespoons per glass of water). When manifesting flatulence or heartburn is taken 2g of activated charcoal, stirred in warm water.
Side effects when applied:
Taking activated charcoal can cause diarrhea or constipation, the development of a shortage of fats, vitamins and proteins. Due to the adsorbing properties of this drug reduces the effectiveness of the effects of other medicines.
Contraindications for the use of the drug:
The use of activated carbon is not recommended for ulcerative lesions of the digestive system.
It is stored in a dry place, apart from the means that emit fumes and gases.
It has adsorbent properties. Binds and removes from the bodies endogenous or exogenous toxins, allergens (bacterial and food). And also the highly toxic substances formed as a result of the splitting of the protein in the intestinal organs. Promotes the transport of toxic substances into the intestines from the lymph, blood.
The following indications, in which polysorb are used:
- Infectious diseases of the intestine (salmonellosis, escherichiosis, other foodborne infections).
- Hepatitis of a viral origin.
- Various poisoning (including alcohol intoxication).
Methods of application and dose:
Polysorb is taken inwards in the form of a suspension. Preparation of the suspension is as follows: 1 tablespoon of powder (1.2 g) is stirred in 1 glass of boiled water. Take an hour before meals and medications. The dose per day is about 12 g. With an exacerbation, the dose increases to 24 g (divided into 4-5 receptions). Once you can take about 7g of the drug.
- Do not give children up to a year.
- Presence of ulcerative and erosive lesions of the intestinal mucosa.
- Ulcerative diseases in the period of exacerbation.
- Contraindicated with an individual drug intolerance.
Interactions with other substances:
At a one-stage intake with acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), the process of disintegration of microelements increases. Also, when polisorba is used, the pharmacodynamic properties of nicotinic acid are enhanced.
It is stored in sealed bottles. The temperature in the room should not exceed 25 degrees Celsius. Keep away from children.
Dry powder is stored up to 3 years. The prepared suspension can be used until the end of 24 hours. The temperature should be about 10-15 degrees Celsius.
Carbolong is produced in a powdered form of activated carbon, obtained from fruit bones. It has high sorbent properties.
Method and doses of application:
Carbolong is used for 5-8 g for one dose 3 times a day. Take preferably from 2 to 15 days. Use an oral mixture of powder and water. You can also use dry powder (drink a glass of water).
Names of tablets from alcohol poisoning of a symptomatic group
It has high detoxification, antioxidant and hepatoprotective properties. The main active substances that are part of the Zorex structure are unithiol and calcium pantothenate. As a result of the interaction of unithiol and decay products of ethanol (other poisons), non-toxic complexes are formed, from which the body gets rid of urine. The presence of calcium pantothenate promotes an increase in the effectiveness of Zorex's detoxification.
As a result of taking this medication, the greatest concentration in the body occurs in an hour and a half. The maximum concentration of Zorex in the plasma is approximately 9 hours. The duration of stay in the digestive organs is several minutes (20-25). The time required for the decay of ethanol and other toxins is about 8 hours. With urine, an average of 55% of the drug is excreted from the body, the rest is excreted.
When ZOREX is displayed:
- Alcoholism in a chronic stage.
- Acute poisoning with alcohol-containing drinks.
- Poisonings caused by drugs from the group of cardiac glycosides.
- Toxication with toxic metals.
Dosage and administration:
It is taken before meals.
In the treatment of alcoholism: 1 capsule 2 times / day (duration of treatment - 10 days) is taken.
When treating acute alcohol poisoning: a similar dosage is prescribed - 1 capsule 2 r / day. When the exacerbation of the dose can be increased: 1 capsule 3 r / day. The duration of the course of therapy is several days (until the symptoms of poisoning disappear).
When treating poisoning with toxic metals and arsenic compounds, the daily dose is increased: 350-1000 mg is divided into 3 doses. Take no less than 7 days.
In cases of taking increased doses, the following symptoms can be observed: palpitations, nausea, weakness. Also very rarely can skin reactions develop as an allergic type.
It is not recommended to take if the patient is hypersensitive to the drug. Also, the use of Zorex is contraindicated if a person suffers from illnesses related to the failure of the kidneys and liver.
Overdose of the drug:
Exceeded dose of intake several times (10 or more) can lead to convulsions, dyspnea, the emergence of a sense of inhibition and lethargy. In this case, it is necessary to wash the stomach, take a laxative and activated charcoal.
Interaction of Zorex with other drugs:
The simultaneous use of Zorex with agents that contain toxic metals and alkalis, leads to an increase in the rate of disintegration of the drug.
Keep Zorex in a darkened place, limited from the arrival of moisture. The temperature is not higher than 25 degrees Celsius. The access of children to the place of storage should be limited.
Refers to combined medicines. Biotredin consists of L-threonine and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride). This tool increases mental activity, normalizes the metabolic process. Helps to overcome the symptoms of acute alcohol poisoning and chronic alcohol dependence.
Indications for use:
- It is used for the treatment of alcoholism in the chronic stage.
- Constant craving for alcohol.
- The condition that arose as a result of a sharp cessation of alcohol intake (withdrawal syndrome).
- Decrease of mental abilities.
Method of application and dosage:
To neutralize the craving for alcohol, 0.1-0.3 g Biotredin is prescribed for 1 dose. Take 4 r / day (5-7 days). The course of treatment can be repeated several times (7-10) per year.
To remove alcohol withdrawal symptoms can appoint up to 4 tab. 4p / day. In the following days of therapy, the dose decreases - 2 tab. 3p / day. Take for at least 1 month.
Biotredin is not recommended to be taken in a state of intoxication, since the therapeutic effectiveness of the medicinal product is significantly reduced.
Complex drug Limontar consists of citric and succinic acids.
Promotes the normalization of metabolic processes in the tissues of the body. It is characterized by high antioxidant activity. Stimulates the release of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, improves appetite. Removes symptoms of alcohol poisoning, increases the overall performance of the body.
It is used for the prevention of alcohol intoxication. And also for withdrawal from the binge with chronic alcoholism.
Methods of application and dosage:
- Limonar is intended for internal use. Apply in the form of a slurry with water or juice.
- For the purpose of preventive measures take 0.25 g of the drug 1 hour before drinking.
- In acute alcohol intoxication, 0.25 g is used (the number of receptions is 4 times) every 2 hours.
- When deducing from the drunken state, Limonar (0.25 g) is taken at 4 p / day for 5 to 10 days.
- It should be noted that with the simultaneous use of this drug with tranquilizers or barbiturates, the pharmacological action of the latter is reduced.
When taking Limontar, there may be signs of increased blood pressure: tinnitus, dizziness, headache in the back of the head. And also the appearance of painful sensations in the stomach.
The drug should be stored in a dark dry place.
The basis of the composition of the biologically active additive Yantavita is succinic acid, which has high adaptogenic properties. The action of Yantavit is aimed at strengthening the protective functions of the body, normalizing all metabolic processes, exerts an antihypoxic regenerative effect, and improves the functioning of all organs and systems in cases of adverse factors.
Indications for use:
- Stressful condition.
- Physical or mental fatigue.
- Period of treatment and rehabilitation of serious diseases.
- Acute poisoning with toxic elements, including alcohol).
- Withdrawal of symptoms of hangover syndrome.
How doses are applied:
For adults, the optimal dose per day is 1.0 g of the drug. Yantavit should take 1 tablet 2p / day - morning and afternoon (during meals). In the evening, take it is not necessary, because Yantavit has a tonic effect on the body. The duration of the course of admission is at least 1 month. In the middle of the course of therapy (after 2 weeks), you need to take a break for 3 days. For good results it is necessary to repeat the course of treatment every 3 months.
Has a high detoxification and hepatoprotective effect.
Activates the liver enzymes alcohol dehydrogenase and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, which are involved in the metabolism of ethanol, which leads to an acceleration of the process of eliminating ethanol and acetaldehyde.
It inhibits the formation of liver cirrhosis due to inhibition of the synthesis of fibronectin and collagen. Improves thinking and memory, reduces the risk of developing depressive disorders.
It is used in the treatment of alcoholism in acute and chronic stages. Also, when passing the course of treatment of hepatic diseases caused by prolonged exposure to toxins on hepatocytes.
Pharmacological form of release - tablets, ampoules.
Methods of application: one-time inside (from 1 to 2 tablets), intravenously or intramuscularly (1-2 ampoules of 0.5 ml).
Contraindications for use:
Pregnancy, Parkinson's disease, hypersensitivity to the drug.
Glycine calms the nervous system, improves mood and removes the state of depression. Stimulates mental abilities and improves sleep quality. Increases antitoxic activity with drug poisoning, as well as alcohol poisoning.
Indications for use:
- Misfortunes and fatigue.
- Sleep disorders caused by increased nervous excitement.
- Nervous disorders (also those caused by the long-term effects of alcohol).
- Nervousness as a result of the transferred stressful situations.
- Consequences of head injury.
What are the ways of application and dosage:
Glycine in the form of tablets is taken under the tongue (sublingually) or on the cheek (buccal) for 1 tab. 3p / day. The duration of the course is at least 1 month. In the treatment of diseases associated with alcohol dependence, treatment is periodically repeated.
Contraindicated take glycine for children under 2 years, patients with low blood pressure and people who are hypersensitive to this drug.
Tablets for nausea with alcohol poisoning
Has a local anesthetic pharmacological effect.
Indications for which the application is prescribed:
- Pain spasmodic in the stomach.
- Nausea, the cause of which is alcohol poisoning.
- Redness and itching of the skin.
Methods of use and dose:
For internal use anestezin is used in the form of powder and tablets. With pains in the stomach or nausea, appoint 0.3 g of the drug with a frequency of 4 p / day. To relieve the unpleasant symptoms of skin diseases, ointments and powders (5-10%) are used for external use.
Contraindicated anesthesin with increased hypersensitivity to the drug.
This drug has a sedative effect on the nervous system, as well as a reflex vasodilator effect on blood vessels. Due to the presence of menthol, reduces the likelihood of developing a vomitive reflex.
Indications for use:
- Ischemic heart disease.
- Occurrence of nausea and vomiting as a result of alcohol intoxication.
- Increased nervousness, hysteria.
Methods of use and dose:
Validol is available in tablet form (0.06 g) and as a solution. It is applied sublingually - 1 tablet validol put under the tongue. You can also use a solution (5-6 drops). Because of this method of application, the pharmacological effect develops rather quickly.
The storage temperature is 20 degrees. If validol is stored as a solution, the vials must be sealed.
This drug has an antiemetic and anti-icic effect, activates the motor activity of the gastrointestinal tract. Blocking the central and peripheral D2-dopamine receptors has an antiemetic effect. Favorably affects the functional efficiency of the digestive tract.
Indications in which:
- Vomiting, nausea of various origins, with the exception of vestibular etiology.
- Acute and chronic stages of diseases of organs involved in digestion: flatulence, GERD, dyskinesia of bile ducts.
- Diagnostic studies.
Methods of application and therapeutic doses :
This drug is intended for both internal and parenteral administration.
Internal application: 1 tab. 3p / day for 15-20 minutes before eating.
Parenteral administration: 1 ampoule 2 p / day.
At diagnostic researches: 2 ampoules metoclopramide (20 mg) are intravenously entered. Orally take 30 mg of the drug for 20 minutes before the procedure.
Side effect of the drug :
Occur extremely rare. Sometimes you can feel drowsy. For this reason, it is necessary to take with care people who are engaged in activities that require maximum concentration of attention. The effects of carcinogenicity and mutagenicity are proved.
Metoclopramide should be stored in a dry, dark place. Keep away from children.
Tablets from alcohol poisoning help to transfer easier only the state of a hangover. In the case of acute intoxication, it is first necessary to remove a person from a state of intoxication - to wash the stomach or induce vomiting by artificial means. Only after this it is possible to connect medications. With a constant and prolonged use of alcohol (chronic alcoholism) should consult a narcologist. The best option is not to get addicted to hot drinks. Then pills for alcohol poisoning will not be needed, as well as hiking to the doctor. Good health to you!