Suppositories from herpes
Herpes virus type 1 and type 2 to date infected about 90% of the total population of the Earth. The virus remains in the body for life, but special means can be used to help block its reproduction during the recurrence of infection. Very popular drugs in modern medicine are the herpes suppository.
Indications of the candles from herpes
Means for the treatment of herpes in the form of suppositories are commonly used to treat the rectal or urogenital form of the disease. Often they are prescribed for the treatment of herpesvirus infection in children.
Under the action of sufficient body temperature, the rectal suppository begins to melt. Thanks to this, their active substances quickly enter the foci of infection. Virtually all herpes suppositories have immunostimulating and antiviral effect, so they can quickly suppress active virus multiplication and increase local immunity.
Unique drugs for the treatment of herpes to date, quite a few, as all the drugs that can be found in the pharmacy, are analogues. The most popular means are:
- Suppositories Betadine.
- Suppositories Polyoxidonium (during relapses).
It's about them that we'll talk about in this article.
It differs immunostimulating and antiviral action. The following active components can be found in the preparation: recombinant human interferon, benzocaine and taurine. It is prescribed for combined treatment of genital herpes.
For the treatment of herpes zosteris, women are given intravaginally twice a day, one suppository each. Treatment lasts ten days. If the disease is chronic, treatment lasts from one to three months at a dosage of one suppository every other day.
For herpes therapy of the urogenital area, men are given rectally twice a day one suppository each for ten days.
Patients who may have intolerance to at least one of the components of the drug, use the suppository is prohibited. In rare cases, patients may develop side effects on the suppository. Genferon: allergic rashes, skin irritations and itching, headaches, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, increased sweating and high body temperature.
Rectal suppositories that differ in immunostimulating and antiviral action. In the composition of suppositories, the active substance is recombinant human interferon. It can be used to treat chronic herpes in children.
The standard dosage of Viferon for the treatment of herpes in adults and children is: one suppository twice a day (every 12 hours) for ten days. Suppositories are administered rectally. Therapy is recommended to begin with the appearance of the first symptoms: itching in the urogenital area, burning and redness of the skin.
Patients with intolerance to interferon use the drug is prohibited. For the treatment of pregnant women can be appointed with a period of 14 weeks. Rarely, in some patients, various allergic reactions to the drug may occur.
An antiviral drug that is often prescribed for the treatment of urogenital herpes. Increases local immunity. In the composition of suppositories there are active substances: interferon and plasma protein. It can also be prescribed for the treatment of chlamydia in women.
For the treatment of herpesvirus infection in women, the suppository is administered intravaginally 1 suppository twice a day. For the treatment of men, the dosage is the same, but the suppository is administered rectally. As a rule, treatment lasts about ten days.
Pregnant women and nursing mothers receiving suppositories Kipferon is prohibited. Patients with intolerance to the main components of the drug is contraindicated.
Antiseptic drug, which is most often used in gynecology. The composition of the drug includes the active substance chlorhexidine bi-clukonate. It is active in the control of many gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria: Ureaplasma spp., Treponema pallidum, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia spp., Bacteroides fragilis, Gardnerella vaginalis; some protozoa (Trichomonas vaginalis) and viruses (Herpes simplex I and II type).
Suppositories Hexicon can be used for both prevention and treatment of many urogenital diseases, including herpes. As prevention, doctors recommend injecting one suppository intravaginally two hours after sexual intercourse. For treatment, administer one suppository twice a day for seven to ten days.
Patients with intolerance to chlorhexidine bigklukonata to take the drug is prohibited. There are no contraindications for the use of suppositories by pregnant women. Rarely after the administration of the suppository, the patient may feel tingling, burning and itching in the urogenital area.
Popular in gynecology antiseptic drug, which has a disinfectant effect. The composition of the drug is povidone-iodine, which is its active substance. It is active in the fight against bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, E. Coli), herpes simplex viruses and some fungi (including candida).
Before using the suppository, it is necessary to hold it under a stream of water for a while, to soften the drug a little. To be administered intravaginally, deep enough, best before bedtime. Dosage for the treatment of herpes is prescribed by a doctor individually. Usually this is one suppository per day for seven days.
Patients with disorders in the thyroid gland, thyroid adenoma, Dühring dermatitis, intolerance to the main component of the drug, use of the Betadine suppository is prohibited. Also, the drug can not be used for the treatment of herpes in children and pregnant women. In rare cases, patients may experience some unpleasant side effects after the drug: itching, irritation, hyperemia, burning, hypersensitivity.
A popular drug for increasing immunity and treating herpes simplex. In a single suppository there is 100 mg aminodihydrophthalazinedione sodium, which is the active substance of the agent.
Dosage, as well as the duration of treatment are established by the doctor individually, based on the severity of the disease and the patient's condition. Only suppositories are administered rectally. Before using it is recommended to make a cleansing enema. The standard dose for herpetic infection is the following: first, two suppositories are administered once a day, and after the disappearance of the main symptoms, 1 suppository once a day.
Pregnant women, as well as nursing mothers and patients with intolerance to aminodihydrophthalazinedione sodium, should not use the drug. Very rarely during therapy, allergic reactions may occur.
Antiviral drug, which includes plant components: extract shoots Solanum tuberosum (purified), hexose glycoside. Thanks to this tool helps to increase the body's immunity. Used in conjunction with other drugs for the therapy of genital herpes.
Dosage is prescribed by the doctor individually. It depends on the severity of the disease.
Patients with severe diseases of the spleen and kidneys, intolerance of the basic substances included in the preparation, can not use the suppository. They are also banned in childhood and for treatment during lactation. Very rarely, patients are allergic to panavir.
Suppositories Polyoxidonium for recurrent herpes
A drug for stimulating immunity and fighting the herpes virus. The active substance that is part of the candles is polyoxidonium or azoxime bromide. Produced in two forms: a suppository with 6 mg of the main component and with 12 mg of polyoxidonium. It is often used to improve immunity in children and adults.
Suppositories are administered rectally and intravaginally. The treatment regimen, like its duration, is appointed individually by the attending physician. Standard for the treatment of herpes is administered one suppository once a day for three days, then a one-day break is made and the reception resumes again.
Pregnant women, as well as breast-feeding mothers use the drug is contraindicated. Patients with intolerance to the main component of the reception is prohibited.
Suppositories from genital herpes
All the funds that are intended for the therapy of genital herpes can be divided into three main groups:
- Atypical nucleosides.
- Hexose glycosides.
- Preparations for stimulation of immunity.
The first group was developed in order to block the process of reproduction of I and II types of the herpes virus. It is very important to begin treatment as early as possible, since atypical nucleosides are effective at an early stage of the disease. This group includes only ointments and tablets (Acyclovir, Zovirax, GlaxoSmithKline).
The most popular drug in the second group is the suppository Panavir. They are often prescribed for local or systemic treatment. It is released in the pharmacy under the prescription, and it is necessary to use it only on the recommendation of the doctor.
Immunomodulators are the most popular means for the treatment of genital herpes. Produced a huge number of candles: Viferon, Ridostin, Cycloferon, Polyoxidonium.
Rectal suppository from herpes
Rectal suppositories from herpes have many advantages:
- Can be used at home, by yourself.
- The introduction is completely painless.
- The rectal administration method promotes the rapid absorption of active substances into the lymphatic system and blood.
- The liver receives a very small amount of the drug.
- Does not have an irritating effect on the gastric mucosa.
- The healing effect comes much faster.
Consider the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of suppositories from herpes on the example of the popular means "Genferon".
This drug is a combination, so it has immunostimulatory and antiviral properties. The recombinant human interferon, which is part of their composition, helps fight the herpes virus. It increases the activity of killers, phagocytes and T-helpers.
The formulation also includes benzocaine and taurine. The first is an anesthetic. The second accelerates the regeneration of tissues.
Use of the candles from herpes during pregnancy
As a rule, the herpes suppository is not used for treatment in pregnant women, but since genital herpes is a fairly serious and serious disease that can be transmitted from mother to child during labor, it is still necessary to carry out therapy. The most popular and safe treatment for today is the suppository Viferon. It can also be used to prevent viral diseases, as it increases immunity during pregnancy.
Suppositories Viferon can be used starting from the 29th week of pregnancy and until the very end of gestational age. As a rule, they need to be administered twice a day (in the morning and in the evening). The drug is taken for about five days, after which a short break is made. The most optimal variant of the remedy for expectant mothers is Viferon №2.
Dosing and administration
Suppositories from herpes are vaginal and rectal. As a rule, rectal forms are used to treat men and children, and vaginal forms for the treatment of women. The course of therapy is established by the attending physician. But, as a rule, one suppository is administered once or twice a day.