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Pimples after cleansing face

 
, medical expert
Last reviewed: 28.06.2022
 
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When going for cosmetic facial cleansing, we expect to get rid of unnecessary elements and formations, including various kinds of rashes. As a rule, the result justifies our expectations. But it also happens the other way around: acne after cleansing the face is formed in greater numbers than before visiting the salon. Why does this happen and how to avoid an unpleasant fate?

Causes of the pimples after cleansing face

Competent experts explain the formation of acne after cleansing the face as a natural reaction of the skin, getting rid of toxins and impurities - a mixture of fat, sweat, makeup residue. As a result of manipulations, they seem to be pulled up from the depths, where they accumulated for a long time. As a rule, such rashes go away on their own, leaving no traces. But this takes some time.

  • Small pustules after cleaning, regardless of the technique, are considered the norm.

They form faster because peeling speeds up cell division and metabolism. And what should have appeared later, was formed here and now. And all the advantages of manipulation will be visible after a few days.

There are other reasons for the formation of acne after cleansing procedures, namely:

  • activation of herpes;
  • stress;
  • hormonal imbalance;
  • allergies to food or cosmetics;
  • lack of vitamins;
  • malnutrition;
  • non-compliance with hygiene, skin care rules;
  • decreased local immunity;
  • microtrauma of the skin;
  • the influence of antibiotics, oral contraceptives and some other drugs;
  • endocrine pathologies;
  • group B hypervitaminosis.

Perhaps your skin is prone to breakouts. In such cases, the likelihood of acne after facial cleansing increases. Therefore, special attention should be paid to daily cleansing, each time carefully treating all problem areas.

Acne appeared after mechanical cleaning of the face

Mechanical cleaning is painful, but there is no way in cosmetology practice without it. Even with other methods, especially contaminated places often have to be “pressed” mechanically.

It happens that acne appears after mechanical cleaning of the face. They must be differentiated from inflammation, which is inevitable with such manipulation. So, in place of deep comedones, a pronounced swelling is noticeable for several days, but it safely disappears on its own.

  • The main cause of acne is in violation of technology. The master could injure the skin by pressing too hard when removing plugs, or neglected high-quality preparation, or poorly sterilized the tools.

The same is possible if contraindications are not taken into account, as well as improper care after the procedure is completed. So, aggressive environmental factors, from which the skin is not yet protected, can provoke both inflammation and a profuse rash. The same can cause premature application of makeup, however, like all decorative cosmetics in general.

Individual pimples will disappear without problems. If the face is sprinkled in such a way that it cannot but excite you, contact the salon where you received the service and consult about eliminating the complication.

Acne appeared after ultrasonic cleaning of the face

Ultrasound in cosmetology is prescribed only when there are no contraindications and intolerance to ultrasound waves. It's rare, but it happens. If acne appears after ultrasonic cleaning of the face, the cause should be urgently established. It could be:

  • violation of sterility by the master;
  • reaction to steaming or applying a mask;
  • unnoticed subcutaneous pollution, growing under the influence of ultrasound;
  • if not all the cork came out, the remnants become inflamed.

The professional conducting the procedures should do everything to prevent acne after cleansing the face. In addition to examining the field of action, he should ask the patient about the state of health in general, possible contraindications, including infectious diseases. And also warn about possible complications so that they do not take you by surprise.

For your part, you should warn the specialist about the characteristics of your skin and unforeseen reactions, if any. A competent master will take this into account when preparing for manipulation. For example, if the skin reacts to steam or a clay mask in an undesirable way, the specialist will make a mask to narrow the pores not on the entire face, but only on the problem area. And lubricate the cheeks with a moisturizer.

Risk factors

In addition to the immediate causes, there are risk factors that predispose to the formation of acne after cleansing the face. Elimination of these factors is the prevention of acne.

One of the most important is the nutritional factor, that is, malnutrition. The condition of the skin is badly affected by high-calorie flour sweets with fatty creams. These same products are also “guilty” of other health deviations, starting with being overweight.

  • Prevention includes a healthy, fortified diet, vitamins A, B, C, E are especially important for the skin.

Malfunctions in the activity of the gastrointestinal tract also lead to a deterioration in the condition of the skin. The reason is an imbalance in the intestinal microflora and the entry of toxins into the bloodstream.

Illiterate facial care is another common risk factor. The fatty type is especially at risk of acne, because the pores are clogged with excess sebaceous product mixed with desquamated epidermis, dirt, makeup residue. Therefore, the emphasis in care is on cleansing and using cosmetics specifically for oily skin.

  • In some periods, acne sprinkles the face for hormonal reasons.

This happens with many undergrowths in which androgens predominate, stimulating the secretion of fat. To reduce the consequences, there are pharmaceutical preparations, in particular, based on salicylic acid. Intense rashes in an adult woman should be a pretext for contacting an endocrinologist and a female doctor.

Problematic skin reacts to the emotional state of a person. It is no coincidence that acne pops up on the eve of a crucial moment, often in the most visible place. The reason is stress caused by worries about an important event or event. The stress hormone increases the secretion of sebum, and the result is displayed on the face. The same stress is lack of sleep, which eloquently affects the appearance.

  • The increased temperature of the external environment contributes to acne, which is why the problem is more relevant in the heat than in other seasons of the year. The production of fat and sweat increases, and if they are mixed with makeup, then inflammation is one step away.

A separate factor is subcutaneous mites. It is believed that they parasitize on all people, but they become active only if there are health problems, a decrease in immunity, or an allergy to the waste products of ticks.

Pathogenesis

There are several links in the pathogenesis. The problem originates from lipid hypersecretion, which occurs under the influence of endo- and ectogenic factors. The quantity and quality composition of the product changes. In particular, it loses a certain amount of unsaturated fatty acids, and this reduces the protective function of the skin.

The next stage in the formation of acne after cleansing the face is hyperkeratosis at the mouth of the follicles. Due to an excess of cells, the lumen of the mouth narrows and blocks the exit of the fatty secret. A blockage is formed where the nutrient content accumulates, and anaerobic microbes feel great in it. These are organisms that do not need oxygen, on the contrary, it mortally harms them. At the third stage, microorganisms begin to multiply rapidly, preparing the environment for the inflammatory process.

And it doesn't keep you waiting. The final stage is marked by active inflammation inside and "in the vicinity" of the sebaceous glands. Depending on the depth of the process, acne develops in various forms.

For its treatment, it is necessary to influence each link of the multistage pathological process, as well as follow additional rules.

Symptoms of the pimples after cleansing face

Most often, acne after cleansing the face is poured out in areas with an abundance of sebaceous glands: T-zone, forehead. This is due to the start of the process of cleansing the dermis. The symptoms look different depending on the type of acne. Non-dangerous rashes usually disappear on their own.

Comedones, that is, non-inflamed pimples, resemble small white balls without escaping. As they fill, they are crowned with black tops. Inflamed ones look like swollen red bumps or purulent papules.

  • Typical localization is on the forehead and chin. These places turn red, itch, swell, accompanied by pain and discomfort.

Fears cause itchy multiple ulcers and deep acne. It is not advisable to deal with them on your own, so as not to infect and aggravate the situation. Qualified treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a physician.

The skin, showered with pimples after cleansing the face, looks untidy and unhealthy. The rash is especially intense in places where the sebaceous glands are concentrated.

The first signs are marked by the formation of black and white eels of an open and closed type. In the absence of hygiene and competent treatment, they become infected, spread and merge under the skin. These are secondary inflammatory elements that form at the site of comedones. Clinically they look like small papules (nodules).

The progression of the disease is manifested by the formation of cone-shaped abscesses filled with exudate. After some time, they open up or shrink to a crust. After the opening of inflammatory acne, scars and spots remain. This is what a mild disease looks like.

  • In more severe cases, indurative pimples form, with deep skin lesions. Hyperpigmented scars after such acne are more difficult to treat, but possible.

In the most severe form of the disease, cystic cavities are formed - phlegmous acne, fraught with multiple scars. Fortunately, this rarely happens and is not associated with facial cleansing.

Complications and consequences

Cleansed skin is highly sensitive and therefore requires special care. After all, the protective epidermal layer has been removed from it - those cells that have become keratinized, as well as the lipid membrane; she looks like she's naked.

  • Unpleasant consequences and complications can be abscesses, hyperemia, swelling.

Pimples after cleaning the face in a salon are formed when sanitary and hygienic requirements are not observed, contraindications are ignored, and other violations. Sometimes even old pimples become inflamed.

With abundant inflammation, you can not do without antibiotics, which the doctor should prescribe. It is independently allowed to wipe the face with salicylic acid or a decoction of chamomile.

Unpleasant surprises are marks, light or dark spots that may or may not disappear, and scars that are almost impossible to remove.

Diagnostics of the pimples after cleansing face

Is it normal when, instead of clearing, new pimples form after cleansing the face? And if so, why does this happen and what to do about it?

The acne clinic after cleansing the face is quite eloquent and typical, so it is not difficult to diagnose them. Diagnosis is carried out by questioning, examination, if necessary, laboratory examination of epidermal scraping and blood. An important role is played by the establishment in the anamnesis of the fact of facial cleansing, carried out recently. Of the possible additional tests - blood biochemistry, hormonal panel, ultrasound of female or male organs.

Acne, especially moderate and severe, is not amenable to self-treatment. Wrong techniques and drugs can lead to the progression of the process.

Differential diagnosis

When prescribing therapy, the doctor is obliged to conduct a differential diagnosis of the pathology. In particular, to distinguish acne after cleansing the face from a chemical lesion, an allergic reaction, deep comedones, rosacea, demodicosis, acne. In any of these cases, a specialist consultation is required, since the clinic of these pathologies is similar, but the nature and therapy are different.

  • Chemical burns cause bright redness, similar to a massive rash.
  • Allergies are typically small, itchy pustules that occur when allergens are ingested or applied to the skin.
  • Acne affects the sebaceous hair follicles.
  • Demodicosis is caused by mites that live on the skin.

Not only the intensity of the symptoms, but also the timing of the onset of the rash can help differentiate. If single inflammations come out on the 2nd-3rd day, this is a side effect caused by microtrauma of the skin. They are easier to treat with standard preparations - antiseptic ointments.

If a rash develops after a week and a half, this indicates inflammation that requires professional therapy. With extensive lesions involving deep layers, the process is aggravated by an infection, for the elimination of which you will have to drink antibiotics or antiviral drugs. Soothes pain and draws out pus Vishnevsky ointment.

When differentiating the diagnosis, localization, seasonality, age, the influence of external factors, concomitant diseases, skin phototype are taken into account.

Who to contact?

Treatment of the pimples after cleansing face

If abundant inflammation or purulent acne appears after cleansing on the face, it is impossible to delay treatment. First of all, you can not squeeze out the contents, so as not to infect the entire field and not lead to subsequent scars.

It is necessary to consult a dermatologist or cosmetologist, and if the visit is postponed for any reason, it is allowed to do the following procedures:

  • Rinse the skin with an infusion of one of the herbs: sage, chamomile, calendula.
  • Wipe with pharmacy salicylic acid.
  • Make a clay mask.
  • Don't try to pop the acne yourself.
  • Avoid exposure to direct sun, exercise.

In the future, until the skin is completely restored, it is useful to wash yourself with boiled or non-carbonated mineral water.

If the expected result does not come, you need to go to the doctor and follow his recommendations. Perhaps he will prescribe not only external, but also drugs for internal use. It all depends on the severity of the injury.

If everything was done correctly in the cabin, there should not be such problems. What does right mean? In this case, first of all - sterile. A professional never ignores hygiene rules and preparation, takes into account the individual condition of the epidermis, the possible consequences.

Without imposing products on the client, he gives recommendations on care after cleaning, because the open pores are not protected from the penetration of microbes and the repetition of the problem. Compliance with all conditions ensures the restoration of the skin, improving its appearance and health. And if you were not warned about this, next time look for a more responsible specialist.

If the number of acne is insignificant, they are pointwise lubricated with ointment (Baziron, Zinerit, retinoic ointment). Such a picture should not cause anxiety and the desire to smear the whole face. After several repetitions, the rash should disappear.

Medications

To eliminate acne after cleansing the face, drugs of targeted action are used. Regardless of the name and composition, drugs perform the following tasks:

  • kill microbes;
  • narrow pores;
  • dry inflamed areas;
  • reduce the secretion of glands.

Popular means:

  1. Skinoren. Prevents the reproduction and spread of pathogens of inflammation, reduces salivation. Treats acne and its consequences - pigmentation, scars, spots. Ointment or gel is applied pointwise, avoiding contact with mucous membranes. The effect comes in 4 weeks. Side effects - itching, peeling - are mild and disappear on their own. Skinoren is not contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women.
  2. Roaccutane. An effective but dangerous medicine in capsules is dispensed by prescription. It is used orally to reduce the inflammatory process and suppress the sebaceous glands. Due to the many side effects, it is prescribed only for severe forms of the disease, when other drugs have not helped, and under the supervision of a doctor. Contraindicated in pregnancy and lactation, children under 12 years of age.
  3. Proactiv. This is a series of medical and cosmetic preparations to prevent rashes, cell desquamation. Contains emollients. Irritation and itching are rare phenomena, restrictions apply to pregnant women, nursing mothers and children under 12 years old.
  4. Zenerite is a very popular topical antibiotic for acne. The active substance blocks the formation of protein in pathogenic microorganisms, thereby stopping their reproduction. It has astringent, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory action. It is addictive, so Zinerit should be alternated with other drugs or used only once a day.
  5. Baziron AS. It has an antibacterial effect, enriches tissues with oxygen. Apply, starting with a lower concentration. The effect is visible in a month. It does not cause addiction, but with prolonged use, the effect is weakened. Baziron dries out the skin, so it is prescribed along with moisturizers.

Vitamins

The lack of certain vitamins and minerals can cause acne, including after cleansing the face. For the treatment of diseased skin, tablets or capsules of vitamins A, C, E are taken orally, in some cases, doctors recommend vitamin B for injection. What are the benefits of important organic compounds for skin health?

  • Vitamin C: eliminates rashes on the face, back; heals damage and irritation; improves complexion and protective abilities of the dermis. Fresh fruits, berries, vegetables are a storehouse of this substance. For intensive enrichment of the body, it is recommended to take pharmacy complexes.
  • Vitamin E: maintains youth; renews and protects the epidermis from aggressive factors; normalizes blood circulation in the smallest capillaries. To replenish it, include nuts, vegetable oils, salmon in the diet.
  • Vitamin A: serves to prevent acne; accelerates the regeneration of cornification. Contained in oily fish, oil, carrot juice.
  • Group B: eliminates skin defects; activates blood flow; reduces acne scars. Cereals, legumes, liver, chicken - these are the foods that have enough of these components.
  • Vitamins PP: inhibits the formation of acne; does not allow germs to spread; reduces the secretion of sebum. If your menu includes tuna or pike, goose or chicken meat, nuts or grain products, then you are not threatened with PP vitamin deficiency.

Saturating the body with vitamins, it is important not to overdo it. After all, an overdose is no better than hypovitaminosis, sometimes even worse.

Physiotherapy treatment

Medications work best when complemented by physiotherapy. Physical procedures are aimed at cleansing comedones, stimulating blood flow and trophism of the dermis, so that inflammatory acne infiltrates resolve faster after cleansing the face. In salons, such procedures are also practiced in order to remove undesirable consequences. There are many methods, we will consider them briefly.

  • D'arsonval: activates blood circulation, normalizes the secretion of fat, prevents scarring.
  • Ozone therapy: destroys microbes, accelerates microcirculation and cell renewal.
  • Magnetotherapy: reduces the intensity of inflammation, stimulates blood circulation.
  • Laser: kills pathogenic microflora, relieves inflammation.
  • Ultraphonophoresis of lidase: dissolves scar tissue.
  • Paraffin and ozokerite: applications of these materials contribute to recovery, warm up the dermis, as a result of which blood flow is activated.
  • Vaporization: cleanses the skin with warm steam.
  • KuV-rays: act bactericidal.
  • Tallasotherapy: activates protection, metabolism, blood flow, strengthens the nerves.

If acne is associated with hormonal imbalance, then UHF, electroanalgesia can be used. In the arsenal of physiotherapists, there are other procedures that help cure acne: electrosleep, electrophoresis, franklinization.

Alternative Treatment

Getting rid of pimples after cleansing your face is easy with home remedies. In addition, alternative treatment will be much cheaper for the wallet. The recipes include herbs, juices, honey, cinnamon, aloe - popular ingredients actively used in industrial cosmetology.

  • Eliminate allergens with a preliminary test, which are many among natural raw materials: to check, it is enough to apply a few drops of a potential allergen to a delicate area behind the ear and wait a day. If there is no reaction, the drug is suitable for the treatment of acne after cleansing the face.
  1. The juice of any citrus relieves inflammation. Apply with a slightly moistened swab to problem areas, and improvement will not take long.
  2. Apply a transparent mass of aloe leaf to the affected area. Repeat twice a day. In the absence of a plant, aloe gel with the same properties can be purchased at the pharmacy.
  3. Honey and cinnamon disinfect, eliminate inflammation, enrich the skin with antioxidants. For one mask take Art. A spoonful of honey and half a teaspoon of cinnamon powder, the mass is applied for 15 minutes. And wash off.
  4. Keep a steamed bag of green tea at a safe temperature on your face for several minutes.

Further care is recommended to coordinate with the cosmetologist in order to apply preparations according to the type and age of the skin. Resume cleaning after healing of inflammation.

Herbal treatment

One way to solve the problem is herbal treatment. And it is not as difficult as it seems to people who prefer to treat acne after cleansing their face with pharmaceuticals or pharmacy cosmetics.

  • Herbs are an accessible and grateful material, undeservedly ignored in our time soaked through with chemistry and artificial products. Healing plants can not only cure, but also prevent inflammation and other troubles on the face.
  1. Plain mint mixed with homemade yogurt and crushed oatmeal can unclog pores and prevent breakouts. For 1 procedure, take 2 tbsp. L. Named ingredients, incubated for 10 minutes.
  2. 10 g of grass with a delicious name lungwort brew and insist in a glass of boiling water. Apply moistened sponges to the face for 15 minutes, then rinse with warm water.
  3. Chamomile compresses: moisten a soft piece of natural tissue with a decoction and apply to the face for 15 minutes.

The affected skin, under the influence of the healing components of herbal decoctions, quickly recovers, becomes clean and healthy, minimizing unwanted manifestations.

To accelerate positive processes, it is necessary to normalize the water balance by drinking a sufficient amount of high-quality water. At the same time, give up alcohol, do not abuse coffee and cocoa.

Homeopathy

Usually, homeopathy is turned to when the standard methods of getting rid of acne after cleansing the face do not work. Homeopathic specialists practice individual selection of remedies depending on the cause, development and past experience in treating the process.

  • In plain language, the basic principle of homeopathy can be expressed by the alternative saying "The wedge is knocked out with a wedge." That is, like cures like.

Several treatments are used to treat pimples and acne. First, take Traumeel C, containing 14 homeopathic ingredients. Dosage - one tablet under the tongue up to 3 times a day. Keep until completely absorbed. The course is from 3 to 5 days. The issue of using the drug for pregnant women is decided individually by a specialist, and allergies have occasionally been recorded from side effects.

Further treatment is carried out using one of the following complex preparations:

  1. Echinacea compositum. The injection is made under the skin or intramuscularly, 1-3 times a week, a total of 5-10 injections. The drug is not used during pregnancy and lactation. With prolonged treatment, it is necessary to monitor the functioning of the liver. Of the side effects, skin reactions, digestive disorders, and a decrease in pressure are known.
  2. Nervochel. Tablets are taken 1 pc., three times a day, under the tongue. Time - 20 minutes before or an hour after a meal. Individual reactions to individual components are possible.

The next stage is rehabilitation, for which Kutis compositum injections are used. Multiplicity and course - as in the treatment of Echinacea.

  • Homeopathic medicines have a positive effect on digestion, improve immunity. In combination with pharmaceuticals, the risks of side effects are reduced.

After a week, skin inflammation is noticeably reduced, acne disappears, and new ones form much less frequently. Gradually, the pathological process comes to naught.

Prevention

The formation of acne after cleansing the face can be caused by hidden diseases for the time being. If they are excluded, then a change in daily care should be made for prevention. To eliminate not only the visible manifestations, but also the causes of rashes.

  • Do not neglect hygiene: wash off makeup at night, let your skin rest at least on weekends, or spend occasional work “days without makeup”.

Make sure your daily skin care products are appropriate for your skin type and age, and are non-comedogenic. Do not abuse decorative cosmetics.

  • Do not get carried away with sunbathing, protect your skin with creams with UV filters. On the beach, sunbathe only in the morning or in the afternoon.

Watch your diet: the skin "loves" healthy plant foods. Give up fatty, sweet, allergenic foods, fast food, soda, alcohol, smoking. Drink plenty of good quality water.

  • Change the bed in time, especially pillowcases, which have the ability to accumulate dirt and allergenic substances.

Do not be nervous for any reason, including because of the appearance. Stress does not reflect well on the face.

  • Sleep enough, at least on weekends, rest and move a lot. This is not only beneficial for acne prevention, but also for overall health.

Use the recommendations of a specialist to correctly apply masks, creams, tonics and other facial products.

Forecast

It can be quite difficult to cure acne after cleansing the face, but the prognosis is always favorable. Small pustules heal without a trace, large ones leave scars.

Sometimes stubborn acne can signal health problems that are not directly related to the skin and the procedures performed. Heed these signals!

Exacerbations after cleaning are possible and natural, with proper care, they soon disappear. If the situation goes beyond the norm, a visit to a specialist is necessary in order to choose acne treatment with him after facial cleansing .  In mild cases, home remedies supplemented with comprehensive care will help, in complex cases, medications, including antimicrobials, will be required.

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