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Healthy and smooth skin is the dream of many of us. After all, the health of the skin is affected by many external and internal factors: a polluted atmosphere, food, internal diseases, etc. To bring our skin in order and restore it, it may take the help of several specialists, and one of them is a dermatologist-cosmetologist - a doctor who heals skin diseases and has a complex effect on the body, launching his own mechanisms of restoring the epidermis.
Who is a dermatologist-cosmetologist?
The life of a modern person is constant stresses, bad ecology, poor quality drinking water, unbalanced nutrition, bad habits. All this does not have the best effect on the health of the whole body, and skin in particular. It is for this reason that the percentage of dermatological diseases is constantly and steadily increasing.
One of the branches of medicine - dermatology - is engaged in studying the functional capabilities and structure of human skin, its anomalies and pathologies. Doctors-dermatologists diagnose, treat and care for the prevention of skin diseases. By the way, at the moment there is information about more than 20 thousand all kinds of diseases of the epidermal tissue. For any character and complexity of such diseases, a dermatologist, a medical specialist with a higher education, will help.
And what about such a specialty as a dermatologist-cosmetologist? This is also a doctor who is engaged in therapy and helps to get rid of dermatological problems, using thus various cosmetic procedures and cosmetic means.
When should I contact?
Consultative reception dermatologist-cosmetologist may be necessary when appearing on the surface of the skin any changes or undesirable symptoms, for example:
- rashes (redness, pimples, acne, acne, vesicles, etc.);
- abscesses or furuncles;
- warts and other formations, as well as changing the shape and color of existing ones;
- moles, as well as when changing the shape and color of existing ones;
- scales, ulcers, abscesses, erythema, vascular asterisks;
- edema and inflammatory elements on the skin.
You can contact a dermatologist-cosmetologist if you are not satisfied with the condition of your skin, hair, nails, if you are concerned about excessive hair growth or increased sweating, disruption of the sebaceous glands, etc.
What tests should I take when I get treatment?
If you register for an initial appointment with a dermatologist-cosmetologist, then you do not need to take any tests beforehand. If the doctor deems it necessary, he will assign you a series of studies or consultations already during the first reception. In some cases, this may not be necessary if you have applied for prophylaxis, or your diagnosis is clear already on the basis of the complaints you have made.
Often when diagnosing a doctor, there are enough subjective complaints of the patient, the results of anamnesis and examination. Of course, if necessary, or if the patient wishes, additional more accurate diagnostic methods can be used. This can allow the doctor to establish a more accurate diagnosis and prescribe the correct and effective treatment.
What diagnostic methods does the dermatologist-cosmetologist use?
In recent years, dermato-cosmetology has developed quite rapidly: new procedures, methods of treatment and diagnostics have appeared. Of course, the chosen therapeutic regimen will be more effective if the diagnosis was correctly established.
The most common methods of diagnosis in dermato-cosmetology are:
- Dermatoscopy - microscopic examination of the skin with varying degrees of scaling;
- sebumetric method - provides an assessment of the level of functionality of the sebaceous glands;
- an analysis of the acid-base skin reaction;
- the study of elasticity and collagen levels;
- assessment of pigmentation;
- Ultrasound of the skin;
- Ultrasound of the skin's blood supply.
In the complex, the performed diagnostic procedure helps to prescribe a specific treatment and avoid the likelihood of a medical error.
The dermatologist-cosmetologist is obliged to act according to the generally accepted provisions adopted in the special instruction:
- if there is a suspicion of malignancy of the process in the skin, the doctor must postpone the treatment and send the patient to a consultation with an oncologist or in the oncology center;
- if necessary, the doctor must direct the patient to a plastic surgeon;
- If suspected of having an infection, it may be necessary to consult an infectious disease specialist, epidemiologist or phthisiatrist.
It may also be necessary to consult other specialists, such as gastroenterologist, nutritionist, rheumatologist, etc.
What does he do?
The dermatologist-cosmetologist reveals skin-cosmetic defects of skin on the face, limbs, on the body, and also removes them with the help of modern techniques and procedures, for example:
- laser cosmetology;
- hardware cosmetology;
- skin peelings with chemicals;
- cold treatment (cryotherapy);
- injections of various drugs;
- cosmetic treatment of skin on face and hands;
- ultrasonic skin treatment;
- Procedure for the rejuvenation of epidermal tissues.
The standard method of dermatologist-cosmetologist consists of the following stages:
- Assessment of skin condition and the presence of problem areas;
- determination of the treatment regimen, selection of the necessary cosmetics, depending on the condition and type of skin;
- carrying out the necessary procedures, including rejuvenating sessions, face cleansing, wrinkle correction, face and body contours.
A specialist in dermato-cosmetology will help with almost any problems with skin integuments: will carry out diagnostics, prescribe treatment, explain the rules of care and prevention, demonstrate the effectiveness of procedures in action.
What diseases heal?
Practicing dermatologist-cosmetologist is engaged in treatment and prevention of various diseases of skin, hair and nails, including:
- dermatosis, eczema, neurodermatitis, atopic and other dermatitis;
- diseases of the scalp, nail plate, seborrhea, dandruff;
- acne eruptions, vulgar youthful rash, acne (including a complicated course);
- choice of individual therapeutic cosmetic preparations;
- fungal and viral skin lesions;
- papilloma, alopecia, hyperpigmentation, the appearance of freckles, warts, moles;
- problem nails (brittleness, thinning, deformation of the nail plate);
- excessive fatness or dryness of hair and skin;
- redness of the skin, irritation;
- peeling, burrs, cracks in the skin;
- wrinkles, age-related skin changes.
In addition to treatment, the dermatologist-cosmetologist is also engaged in the prevention of skin diseases, as well as the preservation of her beautiful and young condition. For this purpose the specialist uses a number of effective advanced technologies:
- contour plastic (as well as adjusting and changing the volume of the lips and face contour);
- biomedication and biorevitalization;
- botox, dysport;
- rejuvenating procedures;
- peeling procedures;
- ozone and cryotherapy;
- skin cleansing;
- removal of papillomas, warts and melanomas;
- anti-cellulite procedures.
Treatment and prevention courses can consist of one or several procedures, which determines their effectiveness. All procedures are selected strictly individually and are coordinated with the patient.
In order for the skin to always look fresh and healthy, you need a balanced diet, no bad habits, more fresh air, a positive mood and motor activity. But even without special care can not do, because the skin deteriorates not only under the influence of internal, but also external factors - poor ecology, low-quality water, exhaust gases, all kinds of radiation, etc.
Wrong skin care can erase all our efforts to maintain a healthy lifestyle and quality nutrition. So let's try to describe a few basic theses of proper skin care:
- You should take a shower regularly and be sure to wash your makeup for the night: the skin should always remain clean, free of dust, sweat, and scraped epidermis.
- The appearance of wrinkles is facilitated by low humidity and excess ultraviolet, so during the heating season, the air in the room must be moistened, and in the summer use cosmetics with UV protection.
- Frosty air and wind contribute to coarsening and reddening of the skin, which accelerates its aging.
- Stressful situations and prolonged depression can worsen the complexion and disrupt the nutrition of the epidermal tissues.
- Pick up cosmetics should be depending on the skin condition - for dry, combination, oily and problem skin, there are separate cosmetics.
- For washing, it is better to use standing or thawed water: hard chlorinated water can cause irritation and peeling of the skin.
- Water for washing and washing hair should not be hot or too cold - ideally wash with water with a temperature of +20 to +40 ° C.
- Do not intensively rub your face with a towel - this can lead to the appearance of early wrinkles. It's enough just to get wet with soft movements.
- If you use facial masks, then apply them only to cleansed skin, avoiding the area around the eyes. Remove the product gently, without undue effort.
- Do not neglect quality massage - this helps open the pores, improve blood circulation in tissues and accelerate the elimination of toxic substances.
- Scrubs are a good skin cleanser, but there is no need for them to be used frequently. If the skin is dry, scrub can be used once in 7 days, and with excessive fatness - once in 3-4 days.
- To maintain a healthy complexion, you need to provide a full and sufficient sleep. Before you go to bed, be sure to ventilate the room. Always try to stay at the same time.
- In order to prevent skin from withering, one should adhere to the drinking regime - to drink at least one and a half liters of clean water a day (mainly in the first half of the day, to avoid edema).
- Proper nutrition - a pledge of regular intake of nutrients and vitamins into the body. It is necessary to eat vegetables, fruits, greens, nuts, berries, limiting pickles, smoked products, fatty and sweet dishes.
- Skin does not like alcohol, nicotine and other bad habits.
Care for the body and skin can be carried out at home, or professionally, in the specialized cabinets of beauty salons. Dermatologist-cosmetologist will always meet you and give valuable advice for the health and beauty of your skin.