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The doctor of first aid

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 17.06.2018

An ambulance doctor is almost the most difficult and responsible profession in the list of all available medical specialties. Its prerogative is to perfectly orient oneself in theoretical medical knowledge, as well as to have many practical skills in service.

Pervasive are the situations where, as soon as possible, an ambulance doctor should diagnose, which often affects the patient's life.

At the same time, an ambulance doctor does not have the necessary laboratory or instrumental diagnostic methods at hand, and there is no possibility of consulting colleagues in case of any doubts. He should be perfectly familiar with therapy, neurology, surgery, gynecology, obstetrics, rheumatology, pathology of ENT organs and organs of vision.

Who is an ambulance?

An ambulance doctor provides emergency, qualified medical care when patients develop sudden illnesses or conditions, as well as accidents at the scene. The ambulance practitioner practices the use of modern diagnostic methods, and also produces treatment.

When should I go to an ambulance?

An ambulance doctor leaves for a call in the following cases:

  • the patient is in a condition that directly threatens his life when he needs immediate medical attention;
  • there is no threat to the life of the patient, but if urgent help is not given, complications that threaten life and health are possible.
  • a woman has had childbirth or a prenatal condition, when the woman in childbirth should be urgently taken to the hospital;
  • to alleviate the suffering of a patient who is terminally ill when he needs the administration of pain medications (for example, cancer patients);
  • in situations of exacerbations in mentally ill people who behave inadequately and potentially can harm people around them and pose a danger to their lives.

What diagnostic methods does the ambulance doctor use?

The possibilities for conducting thorough measures for diagnosis by an ambulance are limited. Its main methods are:

  • palpation of the abdomen (when it feels the stomach for painful sensations);
  • auscultation (auscultation) of the heart and lungs using a stethoscope;
  • also an ambulance doctor measures blood pressure and body temperature;
  • removes the electrocardiogram.

What kind of diseases does the ambulance cure?

An ambulance doctor provides medical care for any serious, life-threatening patients or their health pathologies. In order to provide the most effective assistance, the emergency medical team (brigade) is divided according to the types of care. If the brigade does not have an ambulance, then it is called paramedic. When an ambulance doctor is one - this is a linear brigade. A specialized ambulance team is one that works with a certain pathology and is able to help with diseases or injuries of a certain nature.

What organs and diseases does the ambulance do?

Types of specialized brigades (by the nature of the diseases or injuries with which they work):

  • resuscitative, specializing in resuscitation;
  • Pediatric, specializing in providing emergency and emergency care for patients in childhood;
  • Cardiological, specializing in the care of cardiovascular pathologies;
  • traumatological, specializing in rendering assistance and carrying out transportation of victims who have traumas and polytrauma;
  • Psychiatric - works with patients with psychiatric pathologies.

What kind of treatment is used by an ambulance?

When an ambulance arrives at the house to the patient or arrives at the scene, his first action is to assess the state of the patient or the wounded. If he ascertains a clinical death, then his task is to carry out resuscitation measures - defibrillation, artificially provide respiratory function, pumping function of the heart, indicate the dispensary dosages of drugs necessary for administration at the moment.

In the conscious state of the patient, an ambulance doctor initially deals with primary diagnosis. If the patient is injured, the damaged parts of the body must be immobilized. Then the ambulance doctor introduces the necessary medical equipment, after which the ambulance delivers the victim to the hospital for medical treatment.


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