If a person is in a hospital, he does not have to arm himself with knowledge about the technique of cough inhalation. The medical staff takes care of this, and the patient can only clearly fulfill his requirements. But in most cases, inhalation is carried out at home, because this procedure is effective for many diseases of the respiratory system that do not require hospitalization. And if there is no medical relative at home, willy-nilly you have to look for information on how to properly carry out the procedure.
Consider the technique and features of inhalations of different types.
Steam inhalation for cough
Steam inhalation is considered to be one of the methods of alternative medicine, the most effective in diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Humid warm air, entering the respiratory tract through the mouth, moisturizes and softens the mucous membrane, makes sputum less viscous, alleviates the symptoms of the disease, and by adding healing compounds to the water, a therapeutic effect can also be achieved.
Compositions for steam inhalation can be: potato decoction, infusions and decoctions of herbs and medicinal preparations, mineral water, a weak soda solution, essential oils, propolis, and even the fragrant Zvezdochka balm known since Soviet times. It is important to understand that soda is an excellent antiseptic and emollient, most herbs have anti-inflammatory and disinfectant properties, propolis is a strong antimicrobial component, mineral water softens and moisturizes the mucous membranes, and potato steam is a generally recognized remedy that has a beneficial effect on the respiratory system, eliminating congestive phenomena in the bronchi.
Inhalations with cough potatoes are safe for children and pregnant women who are not suitable for drugs and herbs that can cause allergic reactions. It is not difficult and even pleasant to carry them out, if you do not overdo it with the temperature of the composition. Very useful for dry cough.
To prepare the composition, we take 3 medium potatoes, wash them and boil them in water until tender, after which we slightly knead or use only a decoction. You can breathe steam over a saucepan or any other utensil where the broth was poured, after cooling it a little so that the steam does not burn the skin when you need to bend over the saucepan. In order to prevent the steam from dissipating, you can cover your head with a towel, leaving the bottom edge free so that air can penetrate under it.
It is believed that for an adult it is enough to breathe potato steam for 10-15 minutes. For a child, a 3-5-minute procedure is enough.
By analogy, steam inhalations are carried out with decoctions and infusions of herbs. The prepared broth is first cooled slightly. To prepare the infusion, the grass is poured with boiling water and left to infuse in the heat, after which it is allowed to cool slightly. Usually, herbs for inhalation for coughing are taken in the following ratio: for 1 glass of water, 1 tbsp. Chopped herbs or herbs.
For inhalation procedures, the following herbs can be recommended:
- Chamomile. Cough inhalations with this plant, which has a mild antiseptic and pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, are effective for dry and wet coughs, runny nose, and sore throat. The broth is prepared according to the above scheme in a water bath for 20-30 minutes, after which it is adjusted with hot boiled water to a volume of 1 liter.
- Eucalyptus for cough. Inhalations can be done using self-prepared herbal infusion, pharmacy alcohol tincture, essential oil of the plant. For the preparation of infusion, the ratio of components is standard. After 15 minutes of infusion, add 3 cups of boiled hot water to the dishes and carry out inhalations. Alcohol tincture can be used in an inhaler, but in this case it is added not to hot water, but to saline at room temperature (15 drops per glass of sodium chloride).
- Inhalation with sage for cough. The plant is very popular in the treatment of coughs, as it is rich in essential oils, due to which it has anti-inflammatory, tonic, antiseptic and expectorant properties. Grass in inhalation formulations is used both independently and in combination with others, for example, with chamomile and mint. A decoction for inhalation is prepared as follows: 2 tbsp. Herbs (or 1 tablespoon of sage and chamomile) are poured with a glass of boiling water and kept on low heat for 2-3 minutes, after which they are removed. Strained and sufficiently cooled, the broth can be used in inhalers or breathe healing vapors over a bowl.
The above herbs are universal, they can be used to prepare an inhalation composition for any cough. With a dry cough, you should pay attention to plants that increase the amount of sputum secreted, contribute to its easier removal, relieve irritation of the mucous membrane and make the cough less painful: coltsfoot, linden, clover, reindeer moss, mullein. With a wet cough with difficult sputum excretion, you can offer: thyme, lungwort, mint, fennel, juniper, comfrey, needles, pine buds, lavender.
In alternative medicine, herbal preparations are also used for inhalation for coughs. With the right selection of plants, they will mutually reinforce each other's action and the effect will be stronger. In addition, plants with different therapeutic effects can be combined in the collections, receiving a cure for almost all symptoms at the same time.
For inhalation treatment of an unproductive cough, the following collection can be advised: eucalyptus leaves, coltsfoot, mint and sage, birch buds, oregano grass, chamomile flowers in equal amounts. 1 tbsp collection in a glass of boiling water. The infused composition is filtered and cooled to a temperature of no more than 70 degrees.
Ideally, for cough steam inhalation, it is recommended to use compositions with a temperature in the range of 40-50 degrees. At a higher temperature, do not lean over the steaming dishes and cover tightly with a towel, because this can lead to burns to the face and mucous membranes of the eyes.
With the help of this collection, you can simultaneously achieve the following effects: moisturizing the mucous membrane and relieving irritation, eliminating sore throat and swelling of the respiratory tract, thinning sputum, and a noticeable decrease in the activity of pathogens.
Also, with a dry cough, the following fees can be advised:
- Coltsfoot herb, mint leaves, linden and calendula flowers.
- Raspberry, sage and mint leaves.
- Chamomile and calendula flowers, St. John's wort and coltsfoot.
- Flowers of linden, raspberry, coltsfoot (for bronchitis).
To soften the mucosa and make it easier to expel sputum, baking soda can be added to the finished herbal composition for inhalation immediately before the procedure, which is especially effective for bronchitis.
During pregnancy, it is very important to carefully select herbs, because some of them can provoke uterine contractions and miscarriage. Doctors consider the following plants to be optimal for inhalation treatment of expectant mothers:
- For the treatment of dry cough: chamomile, St. John's wort, thyme, marshmallow, plantain.
- For the treatment of difficult wet cough: eucalyptus, yarrow, string, wild rosemary.
Features of steam inhalation
When conducting steam inhalation, it is very important to observe a special diet. You can not carry out the procedure earlier than 1.5 hours after eating. And after the procedure, you should refrain from eating food and water for 40-60 minutes, allowing the particles of the inhalation solution to act on the surface of the mucosa for some time.
During the procedure, you need to breathe deeply enough, but evenly, avoiding too deep a breath. While inhaling, hold your breath for a couple of minutes. Shallow breathing is unacceptable when it comes to treating cough. You can not talk and be distracted by other things. It is important to focus on the procedure and proper breathing.
For the treatment of cough, there is a special breathing pattern during inhalation. Inhalation is done through the mouth, and exhalation is best done through the nose.
Using herbal formulations for inhalation, you should not think that the higher the concentration of the solution, the better. All decoctions and infusions are diluted with water, most often in a ratio of 1: 3.
The temperature of the inhalation composition for adults is recommended to be kept within 40-50 degrees, in some cases, if the nature of the herbal collection requires it, it can be raised to 70 degrees, but maximum caution is required. For children, the optimal temperature is 30-40 degrees. Moreover, the smaller the child, the lower the temperature should be. For young children, inhalations are generally difficult, so it is better to get a special device - an inhaler.
To avoid burns, bending over the dishes with a hot solution should not be much. The optimal distance is about half a meter.
Light, loose clothing made from natural fabrics is suitable for inhalation. It is very important that it does not squeeze the throat and does not interfere with deep breathing.
As for the duration of steam inhalation, doctors recommend for adults - 5 minutes, for children - 2-3 minutes.
For the effectiveness of steam inhalation, it is important not to interrupt the procedure to breathe. Under the towel, the effect of a sauna is specially created, which is not recommended to “leave” before the end of the procedure. If there are difficulties with breathing, inhalation is completed ahead of time.
Not all people tolerate the effect created under the towel well. As an option, you can consider other ways of conducting steam inhalation:
- the use of a funnel, which provides a narrow direction of movement of healing vapors,
- use of a kettle with a tight-fitting lid and a rubber tube put on the spout,
- inhalation over a thermos.
At the same time, it is possible to prepare an inhalation composition in the same container, using purified, distilled or boiled water for its preparation.
Essential oils for cough inhalation
Treatment of cough with herbs involves the use of both plants and flowers, and essential oils in inhalation formulations. It is not for nothing that plants rich in oils are chosen for inhalation: eucalyptus, mint, sage, thyme, coniferous plants, etc.
Essential oils for cough inhalation can be purchased at pharmacies and stores. They are useful in that they contribute to the breakdown of sputum and stimulate its excretion, relieve inflammation, effectively fight pathogenic microorganisms that cause illness and irritation in the throat, and heal wounds. Also, essential oils soothe the inflamed mucosa, reducing the number of painful coughing attacks, calm the nervous system, normalize sleep, which is so necessary for the sick body to recuperate.
In the treatment of cough, cardamom, mint, cypress, anise, rosemary, chamomile, and sage oils are used. A beneficial effect in infectious diseases accompanied by a cough will also have esters of fir, cedar, pine, eucalyptus, tea tree. With good tolerance, they are all approved for use in early childhood and during pregnancy.
With essential oils, 2 types of inhalations can be carried out: cold and hot, or rather warm-moist, because at high temperatures (above 40 degrees) ethers can lose their healing properties. Cold dry inhalations are carried out using devices such as an aroma lamp, an aroma fan, an aroma medallion, etc. Alternatively, you can apply a few drops of oil on a handkerchief or pillow. But at the same time, it will not be very convenient to breathe through the mouth, which is a condition for the effectiveness of cough treatment. It is important to remember that the time of inhalation from a cough should be inhaled through the mouth.
Warm-moist inhalations are based on the use of water (1 liter is enough), to which 3 drops of any of the recommended oils are added. Covered with a towel, breathe in healing vapors for 10 minutes.
For the treatment of children, an aroma lamp or another folk method is better suited. Add 4 drops of eucalyptus, tea tree or other oil with an antibacterial effect to a glass of hot water, and leave it in the room where the patient is. Thus, it is possible to treat a cough and disinfect the room.
Cough inhalations with essential oils are subject to the same requirements as for steam ones: compliance with dietary regimens and dosing of the inhalation composition, proper breathing during the procedure with inhalation through the mouth. The duration of the procedure should be 10 minutes. Usually inhalations with oils are carried out 1 time per day. It is better not to use several oils at the same time, unless the selected recipe requires it.
Inhalations are not carried out on a full stomach, so as not to provoke a gag reflex and not to distract the gastrointestinal tract from its work on food processing. But even on an empty stomach, such procedures cannot be carried out, especially when you consider that within the next hour you will have to give up food.
Mineral water inhalations
There is a method of treatment that is approved by doctors. Mineral water in cough inhalation is not only a source of clean water necessary to moisten the respiratory mucosa and thin sputum. It contains useful minerals necessary for the normal functioning of the body. This is a storehouse of unique substances that increase the internal forces of the body to fight the disease and have a beneficial effect on the respiratory mucosa, reducing inflammation and swelling, contributing to the rapid regeneration of damaged tissues.
In sanatoriums, hydrogen sulfide, carbonic or radon waters are taken for procedures. Cough inhalation at home is most often carried out using mineral water Essentuki, Borjomi, Narzan, but in their absence, you can use another mineral water. True, the effect in this case will be weaker. Although moisturizing the mucosa in itself can alleviate the painful cough syndrome and make the cough more productive.
You can take mineral water without gas or leave the bottle open for a couple of hours or more so that the gas comes out, otherwise the cough can only get worse. The procedure can be carried out in two ways:
- using an inhaler (we take 4-5 ml of the solution, pour it into the reservoir of the device and breathe in healing air for 10 minutes),
- using improvised means (steam inhalation: in a bowl or teapot, heat the mineral water to 40 degrees and inhale the vapors for 5-10 minutes).
Inhalations with mineral water can be carried out up to 5-7 times a day. They are safe for children, the elderly, pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Requirements for inhalation of cough with mineral water: compliance with the diet, proper breathing, contraindications (especially for steam inhalation), adequate care after the procedure.
Inhalation with an asterisk for coughing
Many of us remember a balm with this name from Soviet times. With its help, our mothers and grandmothers treated colds, headaches and toothaches, diseases of the musculoskeletal system and pathologies of blood vessels, took care of the skin and removed toxins. But the Vietnamese medicine has gained particular popularity in the treatment of colds and viral diseases, accompanied by headaches and dizziness, nausea, aching joints, fever, cough, runny nose.
In the treatment of cough, such useful components of natural medicine as essential oils (mint, eucalyptus, cloves, cinnamon), as well as menthol and camphor, come to the fore. As an adjunct in respiratory diseases, the balm has found acceptance among both alternative healers and qualified doctors.
True, cough inhalations with Asterisk did not gain much popularity. In addition, they are prohibited in the treatment of children under 3 years of age, patients with bronchial asthma and a tendency to bronchospasm. The balm is not used in inhalers.
But for steam procedures in the absence of contraindications, this is a very useful and effective remedy. In hot water (40-60 degrees) you need to add 3-4 mg of balm and breathe in pairs for 5-10 minutes (children up to 3 minutes). Inhalations can be carried out up to 4 times a day, taking into account the requirements for steam procedures.
Cough inhalation with soda
When it comes to inhalation treatment of the common cold, alternative remedies are not much inferior to pharmacy drugs in terms of effectiveness and popularity, but they turn out to be even safer, which doctors agree with. It is not without reason that at the first stages they recommend cough inhalations with soda and herbal formulations, and if they do not help or cannot be used, they resort to the help of drugs.
Baking soda is undoubtedly one of the most popular methods of dealing with non-productive coughs. The popularity of the procedure is explained by the fact that baking soda is at home in almost every kitchen, and the method of treating cough in most cases works flawlessly. As they say, cheap and cheerful.
Inhalations with soda with a dry cough are classified as steam. The patient inhales water vapor with tiny crystalline particles that envelop the mucosa, soften and disinfect it. Moisture in the form of steam thins the mucus and makes it easier to remove.
The procedure is carried out, adhering to the rules for steam inhalation. An inhalation solution is prepared by adding powder to hot water. About 1 tablespoon of soda should be taken per liter of water after the inhalation procedure for coughing with soda, the symptom intensifies, but becomes less painful. The sputum is coughed up more easily and without acute pain in the throat. As an antiseptic, soda fights microbes that have settled on the mucous membrane, which means that the healing process is faster.
Pharmaceutical products for inhalation procedures
Despite the fact that doctors do not refute the effectiveness of alternative cough treatment with steam and heat-moist inhalations and even sometimes recommend it, soda and herbs are not always able to give the expected result. In addition, if you feel unwell and weak, it is better not to carry out inhalation in this way, so as not to aggravate your condition even more.
For small children who do not know how to breathe properly and follow the rules, the procedure is incredibly difficult to carry out. And given the contraindications for steam inhalation, it becomes clear that this is by no means a universal remedy. So you have to pay attention not to pharmaceutical preparations and devices that help to carry out a useful procedure with maximum benefit and safety.
The assortment of pharmacies includes solutions, drops, medicines, cough inhalation preparations that can be used in modern inhalers that do not require liquid heating. Steam inhalation in this case is not an option, because many medicines are destroyed by high temperatures, which in no way helps to cure a cough.
Cough inhalation with a nebulizer is the most modern cough treatment method that is suitable for patients of all ages, including newborns. A wide range of devices (compressor, ultrasonic, mesh inhalers or membrane) and the ability to choose a stationary or portable nebulizer for home use make this type of treatment quite popular.
Despite the different mechanism of action, when using nebulizers at the exit, we have an aerosol cloud with the smallest particles of a medicinal substance, which, when inhaled, enter deep into the respiratory tract directly into the lesion. The penetration depth of particles depends on their size. Different nebulizers give particles of different sizes, but some models allow this process to be regulated. For the treatment of cough, devices are suitable, the size of the resulting particles of the drug in which does not exceed 5 microns, otherwise they will settle only in the oral cavity and nasopharynx.
Modern nebulizers come with different nozzles. For the treatment of cough in adults, it is preferable to use a mouthpiece or mouthpiece. In this case, inhalation is done through the mouth, without opening the lips tightly clasping the mouthpiece, and exhalation after 1-2 seconds through the nose.
It is more convenient for children to carry out inhalations for coughing with a mask. In this case, the child can breathe freely, and the treatment goes on as usual. If the child is small, the procedure can be carried out even during sleep. The mask does not prevent the baby from sleeping, it is only important to ensure that the inhaler is in an upright position. The best option would be a stationary nebulizer. If a portable one is used, then the child should be in a sitting or reclining position.
Cough inhalations for adults should be carried out in a sitting position. If a person is in serious condition, then his treatment is carried out in a hospital with the help of inhalers. The mask is attached to them by means of a hose, which makes it possible to carry out treatment lying down.
For the procedure, a clean, pre-disinfected device is used. We prepare a solution for inhalation by diluting the medicine with saline, as prescribed by the doctor or according to the instructions for the drug and the device. We do not use herbal decoctions and essential oils in nebulizers, only pharmaceutical preparations.
Treatment can be started no earlier than 1-1.5 hours after eating or strenuous exercise. Inhalations are carried out up to 3 times a day, trying to do this between meals.
During the procedure, you need to sit straight, freely straightening your shoulders. You need to breathe not too deeply, but not superficially. After inhalation, he makes a short pause (1-2 s) so that the medicine has time to settle on the mucosa. We wear loose clothing, preferably made from natural fabrics. During inhalation, nothing should hold down the chest and neck area.
Cough inhalation is a medical procedure that requires a certain focus on the process. Doctors do not recommend talking, reading or being distracted by other things at this time that affect the characteristics of breathing: its depth, frequency, etc. Adhering to this rule is not so difficult, given that inhalations for an adult need to be carried out no more than 15 minutes (in ideally, while the medicine is consumed in the nebulizer reservoir), and for a child under 5 years old - 3-10 minutes. The procedure can be completed earlier if it begins to cause noticeable discomfort and deterioration in the patient's well-being.
But back to the drugs that doctors recommend for inhalation, and the features of the procedures using them.
Inhalation for coughing with saline (sodium chloride)
Saline is a liquid similar in osmotic pressure to blood plasma, so our body does not perceive it as something alien. Inhalation when coughing with saline using a nebulizer is one of the safest procedures, similar to inhalation with mineral water. Such treatment can be safely carried out for children and pregnant women, because saline does not contain substances that can be harmful to health, has no smell and taste.
True, the effectiveness of saline in the inhalation treatment of cough is relatively small. Such treatment is more suitable for moisturizing the respiratory mucosa, which relieves groundless urges with a dry cough and facilitates the removal of sputum in case of unproductive.
4 ml of saline is poured into the nebulizer (2-3 ml can be used for a child) and breathe for 5-10 minutes. The procedure is carried out up to 3 times a day.
As such, a 9% solution of sodium chloride does not have a therapeutic effect, but there are other drugs that have a secretolytic, expectorant, bronchodilatory effect. In inhalation solutions, they are used together with sodium chloride.
Cough inhalations "Lazolvanom"
"Lazolvan" - Ambroxol preparation, substance. With a pronounced secretomotor, secretolytic and expectorant action. In addition, it facilitates the penetration of antimicrobial agents into the bronchial secretion. The medicine is available in tablets, and in the form of syrup, and in solution. The latter is most conveniently used for inhalation when coughing.
For inhalation procedures, the drug can be used from a very early age, when babies do not yet know how to cough up sputum, therefore, stimulated excretion is required.
The procedure can be carried out with any modern inhaler, except for steam. The solution can be used in pure form in an amount of 2-3 ml or mixed 1: 1 with saline to improve mucosal hydration. For children under 6 years old, 2 ml of Lazolvan is enough.
It is recommended to carry out 1-2 procedures per day. The finished solution is preheated to body temperature and breathe it normally.
With bronchial asthma and a tendency to bronchospasm, before inhalation with expectorant drugs, it is worth taking bronchodilators or resorting to an inhalation procedure with these drugs.
Inhalations with "Lazolvan" can be carried out for both children and pregnant women. True, you should be careful in the 1st trimester of pregnancy, after consulting with your doctor about the safety of such treatment. It is also better for nursing mothers to refrain from breastfeeding during the period of using Ambroxol preparations, although there are no proven cases of the negative effect of the drug on the children's body.
Cough inhalations "Berodual"
Talking about the features of inhalation with ambroxol preparations, we mentioned the need in some cases for the use of bronchodilators. Berodual belongs to the category of such drugs. This is a non-hormonal two-component remedy with a complex action: bronchodilator (one of the active ingredients is a directed antispasmodic), anti-inflammatory, normalizing (sputum hyperproduction decreases, leading to bronchial obstruction), drainage.
The use of the drug helps to reduce the number of painful attacks, ease breathing, and get rid of wheezing. Moreover, these effects are observed within the first 20 minutes.
Inhalations with Berodual are prescribed for allergic and infectious diseases of the central and lower respiratory tract, accompanied by bronchospasm, with bronchial obstruction, which is often diagnosed with inflammation of the respiratory system in children.
For inhalation, you can use a solution in vials or an aerosol "Beroduan N" (designed for 200 doses, therefore it is convenient as a first aid for bronchial asthma). The solution can be used in any inhalers, except steam. Avoid contact with eyes.
The aerosol is used according to the scheme: for acute attacks, 2 injections (inhalation), after which, if there is no effect, the procedure is repeated. A maximum of 8 doses can be used per day.
The Beodual solution is used in nebulizers of any type, having previously mixed it in equal proportions with saline. The total volume is 3-4 ml. The inhalation solution should be at room temperature.
Cough inhalations are carried out until the entire solution is used, but doctors recommend this duration: for adults - no more than 7 minutes, for children - 3-5 minutes. At the same time, children's doha will be much less: up to 6 years - 0.5 ml of Berodual, 6-12 years - up to 1 ml of the drug 3-4 times a day.
"Berodual" as an antispasmodic and potent drug has quite a few contraindications that must be taken into account. As an antispasmodic, it can be dangerous for expectant mothers in the 1st and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. It is also not recommended for breastfeeding.
The active ingredients of the drug affect the vessels, causing them to contract, so it can not be used for cardiomyopathy and tachyarrhythmia. Caution should be observed in people with heart disease and endocrine disorders, with cystic fibrosis, prostate adenoma, angle-closure glaucoma, bladder neck obstruction.
For inhalation treatment, the drug is allowed from infancy to late old age. Can be used even at elevated temperatures.
After the procedure, most often there is a feeling of dry mouth. With individual sensitivity, cough and skin rash are possible.
Inhalations for cough "Miramistin"
"Miramistin" is a well-known antiseptic with a wide spectrum of action and high efficiency in respiratory diseases. This is one of the safest drugs that can be used in the treatment of young children, pregnant women and nursing mothers, the elderly and the elderly.
"Miramistin" you can rinse your nose, gargle, use a solution for inhalation. This helps to quickly cope with a disease caused by a bacterial infection or in case of a bacterial complication of a viral infection.
The antiseptic does not have an expectorant or mucolytic effect, therefore, by itself, it cannot make the cough more productive and easier. But microbes and their toxins cause irritation of the mucous membrane, its inflammation and sensitization, which are considered as one of the causes of coughing. "Miramistin" helps to reduce the number of painful attacks and promotes faster recovery. And so that inhalations during coughing also have an expectorant effect, it is recommended to mix the antiseptic with saline, which will moisturize the mucous membrane and thin the sputum.
Usually, a 0.01% Miramistin solution is taken for inhalation. In nebulizers, 4 ml of an antiseptic or 2 ml of Miramistin and 2 ml of saline are used in one procedure. The dose for children is usually half that. Inhalations are carried out 3 times a day, using the entire inhalation solution, which should be at room temperature (with a strong cough, you can warm it up to body temperature, but not higher).
Inhalation for cough "Ambrobene"
This is a popular drug, widely advertised in the media, which in reality turns out to be a derivative of ambroxol hydrochloride, like the Lazolvan described above. The popularity of "Ambrobene" is explained by the high efficiency of the active substance and a wide range of forms of release of the drug, one of which is a solution for inhalation. From "Lazolvan" in the same form, the drug differs only in excipients, which, nevertheless, may be important if one of the additional components of "Lazolvan" is intolerant.
Ambrobene solution for inhalation for coughing is used from a very early age. The procedure is carried out with non-steam inhalers, using 2-3 ml of the drug, which can be diluted with saline 1:1 to increase the effect. For children under 2 years old, take 1 ml, for children 2-5 years old, 2 ml of medication is enough.
Inhalation treatment is carried out 1-2 times a day for no more than 15 minutes per procedure (for adults) and 5-10 minutes for children.
Contraindications to the drug are bronchial asthma (although in this case inhalations with berodual save), convulsive syndrome and epilepsy. Caution must be observed with exacerbation of stomach ulcers, severe kidney and liver diseases, in the first trimester of pregnancy, breastfeeding.
Hormonal means for inhalation from cough
Corticosteroids are potent anti-inflammatory drugs, inhalation therapy of which is very difficult. On the one hand, they could quickly remove severe inflammation of the respiratory mucosa, making breathing easier, reducing the amount of inflammatory exudate with a wet cough, and preventing the occurrence of bronchospasm. But on the other hand, the use of popular corticoids, such as hydrocortisone, prednisolone, dexazone, in nebulizers is undesirable, since in practice we get a systemic, not a local effect.
Pulmicort for cough inhalation is the only drug currently recommended for nebulizer therapy. This is a local anti-inflammatory drug that has much fewer contraindications and side effects.
The medicine is produced in the form of a suspension for spraying. It can be used for dry and wet inhalations in bronchial asthma, bronchial obstruction, wet cough with increased sputum production in young children. For the treatment of children, a local corticoid is used in the case of bronchitis, laryngitis, bronchial asthma, vasomotor and allergic rhinitis, and cough of any kind.
"Pulmicort" can only be used in compressor-type nebulizers. Dosage for adults - 1-2 mg (1 ml of suspension contains 0.25 or 0.5 mg of the active substance), for children from 1 to 12 years old - 0.5-1 mg, for infants 6-12 months old - 0.25 mg twice a day.
Before use, the suspension must be diluted with saline (solutions of terbutaline, salbutamol, fenoterol, acetylcysteine, sodium cromoglycate, ipratropium bromide). The total volume of the inhalation solution for infants is 2 ml. For older patients, 2-4 ml of the finished composition is used per procedure.
"Pulmicort" is not prescribed for children under six months old, as well as with increased sensitivity to the drug. The use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation is not prohibited, since inhalation treatment does not have a systemic effect. And yet, doctors insist on its very careful use, especially when it comes to young children, whose treatment with hormonal drugs is best done in a hospital under the supervision of medical staff.
With prolonged use of the drug in children, growth retardation is possible, but this is more true for children with bronchial asthma, who regularly use the Pulmicort aerosol at dosages of more than 400 mcg per day.
Inhalations with Validol for cough
Perhaps this method of treating cough will cause bewilderment and even indignation in some people, but in reality the result of using a vasodilator drug is quite predictable. It's just that we are accustomed to seeing Validol as an effective remedy for cardiopathy and neurosis, so we cannot immediately accept others that are not fixed in the instructions for its scope.
Inhalations with "Validol" are used to treat dry cough. It is believed that due to the substances included in the preparation, it soothes the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract, removing painful attacks, dilates blood vessels, activating regenerative processes, due to which edema disappears and the sensitivity of the respiratory tract decreases. Since a solution of validol or a pair with a medicine is used in inhalation, the throat is additionally softened and sputum is thinned, which makes it easier to expectorate.
"Validol" is available in the form of tablets and drops, but the first form is mainly used for the preparation of the inhalation composition, although it is less convenient. In this case, 2 ways of using the drug are considered:
- Grind the tablet into powder, add it to 400 ml of boiled water and mix thoroughly. This composition can be used in any inhalers or breathe steam over a saucepan.
For adults, for greater efficiency, it is recommended to add 7 drops of iodine and 1 tsp to the solution. Soda. Inhalation, depending on the chosen method, is carried out from 5 to 15 minutes.
Children are advised to reduce the dosage of the medicine: 1 tablet per 1 liter of water. The duration of inhalation is 2-3 minutes.
- For steam inhalation from cough over a saucepan, tablets can be used in a different way. Add a couple of Validol tablets to the potato broth and breathe in steam for 5-10 minutes.
Various sources advise adding onion gruel or eucalyptus infusion to the hot Validol solution in the absence of individual intolerance.
It is difficult to say who and when invented this method of fighting a cough, and it is unlikely that a doctor will advise you on it (although there have been such cases), but in the absence of effective medicines, you can try it. The low dosage used for inhalation is unlikely to harm health, but may still alleviate the condition in the absence of an alternative or ineffectiveness of purely home remedies.
Conditions for the effectiveness and safety of inhalations
Cough inhalation is one of the most effective methods of treating a painful symptom, which is used for many diseases. The drug is delivered directly to the affected area with the help of steam procedures or inhalers, where it begins to act from the very first minutes. When taking the drug orally, it should take time for the drug to pass through the gastrointestinal tract and reach the respiratory organs with the bloodstream.
With the right selection of drugs and alternative agents, as well as taking into account the recommended dosages, such treatment will not have a systemic effect, which avoids unpleasant side effects. This makes the procedure safer than taking effective cough medicines by mouth.
But the procedure also has some disadvantages regarding certain moments of its implementation.
Cough inhalations for adults are easy to carry out, no matter what type of procedure you choose. But when choosing steam inhalations, you need to remember that high-temperature steam can cause skin and mucous membrane burns, so you should not lean too low over a saucepan with healing broth.
Smokers will have to refrain from their favorite activities both on the eve of inhalation and after it, not to mention the fact that the procedure cannot be interrupted for a smoke break. Ideally, the treatment of diseases of the respiratory system implies a healthy lifestyle, at least for the duration of therapy.
Cough inhalations for children should be carried out by adults: medical staff or parents. They are required to explain to the child that the mask does not need to breathe deeply. Older children can be explained that when coughing, you need to inhale through your mouth, you can’t talk and indulge during the procedure.
In order for the baby to remain calm for a long time, you can turn on calm music, a light cartoon or just read an interesting book. Usually this is enough for 5-10 minutes of the procedure.
If a child is afraid, which often happens when they first get acquainted with an inhaler, you can translate the treatment process into a game form or calmly talk with the baby, telling a tale about a brave boy / girl who was not afraid of anything, so a kind Nebulizer helped them cope with the enemies of kids: evil Cough and harmful nozzles.
For the treatment of infants, it is better to use an inhaler that allows you to carry out the procedure in a supine position. If the baby is naughty, inhalations can be carried out when the child falls asleep.
Steam procedures for children can be carried out only when they learn to understand and follow the rules told to them by their parents. For example, close your eyes while leaning over the steam, don't lean low and don't play around. A hyperactive child can simply turn over a bowl of boiling water. A baby covered with a towel can lose consciousness and it is not known how else such carelessness of parents can end.
A nebulizer is the best device for inhalation for infants, toddlers, preschoolers and primary school children. But in this case, you must strictly adhere to the recommendations of the doctor. Bronchospasm is a scourge of young children, so if the doctor prescribes inhalations with bronchodilators before the procedure with expectorants, they must be carried out.
The same can be said about hormonal agents that prevent bronchial obstruction. Remember that babies still do not know how to blow their nose normally and cough up the exudate accumulating in the bronchi, which means they are at risk of bronchial blockage that prevents normal breathing.
Usually, inhalation procedures are carried out for no more than 5 days, but if the doctor prescribes a longer course, this should be heeded.
Doctors prescribe cough inhalations for pregnant women as an alternative to oral intake of expectorants, mucolytics, and antimicrobials. With inhalation treatment, a small part of the active substance enters the blood, so the risk of systemic reactions that are dangerous for the child is reduced.
Most of the drugs used are relatively safe during pregnancy, with the exception of bronchodilators. Here you need to be very careful, because drugs can also have some systemic effect, i.e. Relax muscle muscles outside the respiratory system. In early pregnancy, this can cause miscarriage. Therefore, in any case, expectant mothers should not undergo any treatment without consulting a doctor.
Caution must be observed when conducting steam inhalation. By themselves, a pair of potatoes, soda or herbal decoctions may not carry any danger, if we are not talking about intolerance to certain substances in their composition, but the reaction to evaporation in a future mother can be unpredictable.
Do not overuse essential oils. Some of them, in addition to treating cough, are also able to affect the muscles of the uterus, which is most dangerous in the first months and last weeks of pregnancy.
Carrying out the procedure for the first time, you need to carefully monitor your condition (or the condition of the child). The fact is that individual sensitivity can be found not only for plant extracts and esters, but also for pharmaceutical preparations. Moreover, it is very difficult to foresee such a reaction in advance.
If during inhalation from a cough the patient has any suspicious symptoms: the face turns red, it becomes difficult to breathe, a runny nose appears or the cough intensifies, etc., the procedure should be stopped and contact a medical facility for help.
Any means used for the preparation of inhalation formulations may have their own contraindications, which must be taken into account. Particular attention should be paid to this for people with diseases of the heart, kidneys, liver, endocrine system disorders, angle-closure glaucoma, and some congenital disorders.
Effective cough inhalations are those that take into account all the nuances: the type of cough, individual body reactions to drugs, safe dosages and requirements for inhalation, both steam and nebulizer.