Diet with gastroduodenitis

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 19.10.2021

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Diet with gastroduodenitis is one of the mandatory conditions for the complex treatment of the disease.

With gastroduodenitis, there are two causes of the disease. The first reason lies in the increase in acid formation, and accordingly, the reduction in the formation of mucus, the violation of hormonal regulation of secretion. Along with endogenous causes, secondary causes play an important role - exogenous ones, which are irrational and unbalanced food intake, excessive consumption of cold and hot, spicy foods, or food with an increased amount of pesticides, which subsequently leads to inflammation of the mucosa of the duodenum and the pyloric zone of the stomach .

To mitigate the course of the disease and get rid of its negative consequences, you should adhere to a special diet. And in a complex, together with competently constructed course of treatment about such disease it is possible to forget.

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Treatment of gastroduodenitis with diet

A healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition are the ingredients that can guarantee to everyone, if not longevity, a longevity in which communication with representatives of medicine will be minimized. However, if something happened, and yet there was a need to seek qualified medical help - it is necessary to do it immediately.

Each disease requires a timely response, as well as a clear action plan that will help neutralize acute pain and eliminate symptoms. In addition to emergency therapy in acute cases, as a rule, a patient is recommended to adhere to a particular lifestyle, namely, nutrition.

Similarly, in the case of a disease, gastroduodenitis, which is a pre-ulcer state of the body, and therefore requires strict adherence to the diet.

What is the diet for gastroduodenitis?

The patient on gastroduodenitis should clearly understand that the only way that will lead him to recovery, he "tramples" himself.

Follow the diet - a clear meal at an agreed time, but at least 6 times a day. Of these six meals, the patient should diversify his diet in such a way as to obtain the maximum amount of nutrients. This will help to get better soon, and also improve your condition for a long time. It is necessary to introduce into the diet as much curd and curd products, as well as fermented milk products. These products should make the greatest ratio. Following them, you should eat meat and fish of low-fat varieties, which undergoes heat treatment, that is, cooking, steaming or cooking. It is important to remember that you can not extinguish food.

Soups - soup, puree, or vegetable soup - a finding for patients with gastroduodenitis. You can eat wheat and rye bread. From cereals to give preference - rice and buckwheat. Do not get carried away with potatoes.

Diet 5 with gastroduodenitis

The diet with gastroduodenitis has several variations.

Gastroduodenitis needs the accompanying treatment of not only the duodenum and stomach itself, but also the liver and bile ducts. In addition to the main diet number 1, you need to follow the diet number 5.

When gastroduodenitis, as a rule, prescribed table number 1 and 5. The latter is intended for chemical mercy of the liver, normalization of the liver and biliary tract, improving bile secretion with full nutrition. The diet itself with gastroduodenitis involves a decrease in refractory fats, with a normal intake of proteins and carbohydrates. All products are cooked by cooking and wicking, and wiry meat and starch-containing vegetables are wiped.

Therapeutic diet No. 5 with gastroduodenitis excludes consumption of pork and beef meat, lamb and ducklings, fat and culinary fats. They also do not recommend eating goose meat, offal, smoked meat and sausages, canned food, salted fish.

Diet No. 5 involves the preparation of low-fat meat and fish - young beef, rabbit, meat low-fat pork, as well as rabbit, chicken and turkey. Of fish - all low-fat, lean varieties.

You can use pure and in the preparation of creamy and refined oil, add cinnamon and vanillin.

From bakery products to exclude fresh bread, fried patties or flaky, pastry products. From sweets you can dry fruits and jellies, mousses and compotes, meringues and marmalade, pastilles, honey. Sugar substitute with sorbitol.

With diet number 5, you can not cream and milk, ryazhenka and homemade sour cream, salty and fatty cheese, but kefir and acidophilus, curdled milk and cottage cheese and low-fat cheese - you can. In the meal, you can add half of the yolk per day.

It is necessary to give preference to soups and cereals. And when preparing soups should abandon the steep broth.

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Diet 1 with gastroduodenitis

Diet table number 1 is recommended for diseases of the stomach and duodenum, both during the period of exacerbation, and at the stage of recovery. In addition, it can be recommended to patients with exacerbation of chronic gastritis or acute gastritis.

This diet with gastroduodenitis is often used already at the last stage of treatment of exacerbation, because there are no products that excite the secretion of the stomach. With this diet, the normal full-fledged diet remains, but the gastrointestinal tract is more spared, the sores heal better, the secretion of the stomach normalizes, and inflammation decreases.

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Diet with acute gastroduodenitis

The acute form of gastroduodenitis occurs with malnutrition, that is, when a person eats on the move, dry-handed, consumes excessive amounts of alcohol and fatty foods, prefers smoked and preserved foods, the diet is dominated by carbonated drinks. It is also important to know that gastroduodenitis can result from the fact that food enters the body either cold or too hot. It is equally important to know that the gastroduodenitis acute form also appears against a background of stress, constant smoking, abuse of medicines, etc.

If such a form of the disease catches up, first of all the patient is recommended to refrain from eating for several days. In this period, it is better to give preference to drinking, from which you can distinguish sweetened tea or rose hips. It is important that the drink is slightly warm.

After this period, the patient switches to food, according to a diet with chronic gastroduodenitis.

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Diet with chronic gastroduodenitis

Timeliness of the definition of the disease, as well as elimination of the main symptoms - a pledge that contributes to the normalization of the state of human health. However, it should not be forgotten that since the moment the patient is diagnosed with this diagnosis, it is impossible to return to a habitual but harmful lifestyle and diet.

Firstly, because the disease itself is the result of a wrong and unbalanced diet, in which harmful food, non-diet, etc. Prevailed.

Secondly, a malfunction in the body from the gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, stomach, etc., rarely pass without a trace. As a rule, gastroduodenitis, if left untreated and neglected by the doctor's recommendations, returns again.

When chronic form of the disease, you need a generous drink, in small portions, to exclude foods that can irritate the mucous membranes, that is, taboos for seasonings and spices, sauces, smoked foods and canned food, mushrooms. The taboo touches fried foods, as well as cereals - wheat, pearl barley, pyshenki, cheese on vegetables.

It is recommended that there are vegetables that have been thermally treated

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Diet with exacerbation of gastroduodenitis

When the acute form of the disease has already passed, the patient is recommended to introduce mucous porridges into the diet. These can be cereal cereals or oatmeal, rice porridge or buckwheat - mashed. It is very useful to eat soups. It is also possible to introduce into the diet meat and fish of low-fat varieties, but they must be crushed. The food should enter the body at least 5 times, that is, in fractional form.

Drinking balance is also important to keep by introducing into the diet of jelly, a weak, hardly sweet tea or a decoction of rose hips.

Diet with gastroduodenitis excludes cocoa and carbonated drinks, sauces and spices, raw fruits and vegetables, confectionery and flour products, as well as alcohol.

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Diet with gastroduodenitis with high acidity

The disease can be accompanied by a sluggish motor motility and reduced production of acid, and vice versa - increased. The latter form requires special attention, since abundant acid production provokes the appearance of sores - ulcers on the wall of the stomach, which is fraught with the development of ulcers. Therefore, the patient is recommended a fractional diet, with an equal time interval between feeding, at the same time. Dishes must be heat treated, preferably on a steam or in the oven, or cooked. A meal ready to eat should be warm.

It is necessary to keep the drinking balance, drink as compotes and kissels, and juices, tea with milk or decoction of rose hips.

Among the products, the gastroduodenitis diet provides for dairy products and raw cheese, mousses and jellies, pasta and cereals, crackers and biscuits, cooked sausage or ham, rubbed soups, and baked fruit. Low-fat varieties of meat and fish. From vegetables only green peas and dill, as an addition to the soup.

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Diet with erosive gastroduodenitis

Erosive gastroduodenitis implies the formation of erosion on the walls of the stomach and duodenum, so the recommended diet for gastroduodenitis should help eliminate the effects on the mucous membrane. This means that the food should reduce the thermal and chemical effects. The purpose of this diet is to saturate the body with nutrients along with the least irritation of the stomach and rapid digestion of food.

Eating should be divided 6 or 7 times a day, completely eliminating salt and seasoning. You can eat cottage cheese, non-acid kefir and cream. Mucous porridges and soups, omelets. Meat and fish should be low-fat varieties, they must be carefully ground and cooked for a couple.

From vegetables you need to give preference to pumpkin and beetroot, carrots and cauliflower. Fruits are in the baked form.

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Diet with superficial gastroduodenitis

This form of the disease develops as a result of a gastritis. Most often, the cause of development of superficial gastroduodenitis is non-observance of elementary rules of food intake, as well as proper nutrition. With superficial gastroduodenitis it is necessary to eat 5 times a day, with small portions of food.

To soften the course of the disease, as well as its symptoms, low-fat cottage cheese and milk, lean meat and fish, boiled vegetables such as beets and carrots, potatoes and peas, as well as fruit purees and kissels should be included in the diet. From drinking - alkaline mineral water and compotes.

This diet lasts for gastroduodenitis for at least 3 months.

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Diet with atrophic gastroduodenitis

Atrophic form of gastroduodenitis implies a violation of secretion, that is, the acidity of gastric juice decreases.

With this form of development of the disease, a therapeutic diet is recommended for gastroduodenitis No. 2, which means introducing into the diet of yesterday's wheat bread and not baking. Soups and cereals, cooked on weak vegetable or meat broths, fruit purees. Dairy and sour-milk products are low-fat (excluding milk), like meat and fish. You can use honey and lemon.

Food should be divided, solid and liquid food should be taken separately at regular intervals in time.

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Diet with pancreatitis and gastroduodenitis

Diseases associated with digestion and intestinal tract, one way or another, are due to the fact that most people neglect the elementary rules of eating, as well as recommendations for proper nutrition. As a consequence - the development of diseases such as pancreatitis and gastritis, ulcer, gastroduodenitis, etc.

In case of pancreatitis, against a background of exacerbation or development of gastroduodenitis, it is necessary to give at least 3 days rest and rest to the pancreas. During this period it is necessary to drink teas and decoctions. And only from the fifth day you can add vegetable puree from carrots and potatoes. Preference should be given to soups and dairy products.

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Diet with gastritis and gastroduodenitis

Any expressed form of gastritis and gastroduodenitis requires a gentle diet, the exclusion of consumption of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages, as well as the exclusion of products that contain coarse fiber, carbonated drinks, any spices and spices, milk.

The food should be fractional and not less than 5-6 times a day (you can 7-8). In a day, you need to drink about 1500 ml of liquid, from which you should drink green tea or tea with lemon, broths from berries and herbs, jelly and compotes, fresh, and the calorific value of food for a day should be 2,800 kcal.

All food should be thermally treated, except for quenching, frayed or salted.

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Diet with gastroduodenitis and cholecystitis

When cholecystitis joins gastroduodenitis, as gastroenterologists recommend, it is necessary to make a diet in such a way as to neutralize excess hydrochloric acid and choleretic action. By the way, cholecystitis is a disease of the gallbladder. So in a load to inflammation with gastroduodenitis, the organs should be at rest. Therefore, such a diet with gastroduodenitis, as a rule, contains in the prescription non-acid fruits, dairy products and vegetable dishes with cottage cheese, boiled meat and fish, carefully processed and pounded.

Do not recommend, there is fresh bread and buns, raw eggs and mushrooms, smoked foods and canned foods, fatty fish and meat.

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Diet with gastroduodenitis in children

It is very important to take all possible measures for gastroduodenitis in children, because a timely reaction is the guarantee of a child's future.

It should be remembered that in acute form, the child should eat at least 6 times a day. And for the first time 5 days - the most sparing diet should be preserved.

In the first day of exacerbation, it is necessary to give a warm drink. From the second day you can enter into the diet of rice broth, vegetable broth and cracker. On the third day you can give the child oatmeal or rice porridge and a dry biscuit. On the fourth day, it is possible to mash carrots, carrots, pumpkins and potatoes, together with steam meatballs, a cracker and a baked apple. The fifth day of the diet allows you to expand the diet by adding casserole from cottage cheese, fruit puree, etc.

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Menu diet with gastroduodenitis

When gastroduodenitis, the menu should look like this:

  • rubbed, mucous, liquid porridge (including oatmeal and semolina porridge, rice and buckwheat)
  • liquid, viscous soups;
  • carefully ground low-fat meat;
  • low-fat fish;
  • egg
  • abundant warm drink, which includes compotes and kissels, decoction of rose hips, lightly sweetened tea.

For example, in the morning you must eat milk porridge, cottage cheese with sour cream and sugar. The second breakfast is baked apples. For lunch, you need to eat semolina soup, rice porridge with meat, compote. Snack - a decoction of rose hips. In the evening, you can eat an egg, a vegetable puree with boiled fish, and a couple of marmalades for tea. At night (before going to bed) - fermented milk product.

Diet recipes for gastroduodenitis

Monotony of the diet can bother the patient, and this is fraught with a breakdown and a departure from the diet. Therefore, the diet should be added something new. For example, you can prepare berry mousse, curd dessert from strawberries and cottage cheese, etc.

  • Mousse of berries

Berry mousse is prepared from a glass of berries allowed by the diet, semolina (1 tbsp), half a glass of water, and sugar (1 tbsp.). It is necessary to wring out the berries, squeeze pomace with water, boil, and then strain. The resulting mixture to put on fire and add semolina with sugar. Bring to a boil, then remove from heat, allow the mixture to cool. Only after the mixture has cooled down - whip with a mixer. Add the pressed juice, and again bring down.

  • Dessert from cottage cheese and strawberries

0,5 kg of cottage cheese and 0,3 kg of strawberry, 1 glass of milk, sugar and vanillin - to taste.

Cottage cheese must be grinded with sugar, then add milk. Mix the mixture with whisk, add vanillin and mix with strawberry slices.

Having manifested his creative approach and varying the products that are allowed in gastroduodenitis, one can improve the condition of one's body, but also treat yourself to delicious food.

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What can you eat with gastroduodenitis?

Diet with gastroduodenitis includes a maximally balanced diet, and the mode of eating is equated almost to a special and important ritual.

Increased acid production and reduced mucus require that the intake of food be regular, at least 5-6 times a day. Thus, it is possible to reduce the level of acidity and protect the walls of the organs from the formation and development of ulcers. The food itself should be a moderate temperature - not hot and not cold.

General recommendations, which implies a diet with gastroduodenitis look like this - in the diet must necessarily be present meat and fish soups, soups of chicken or mushrooms. In addition, the body should receive dairy products and eggs, a variety of cereals, vegetables and fruits. It is also recommended to eat lean meat or ham.

What you can not eat with gastroduodenitis?

Diet with gastroduodenitis eliminates the consumption of such foods in your diet, like strong broths of fish or meat, strong vegetable broths or broths on mushroom broth. Do not eat greasy fish or meat.

In the diet should be absent pickles and marinades, smoked products and canned food, you can not eat black bread and baking, add a variety of sauces.

It is equally important to give up alcohol and carbonated drinks, from black coffee, chocolate and ice cream, raw vegetables, including radishes and white cabbage, spinach, sorrel, radish, onions and cucumbers, and some fruits.

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