Why is the facial skin oily and what should I do?

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 18.10.2021

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Skin is the largest human body. She has numerous and very important functions. Among them, protective (barrier to external influences in the form of ultraviolet, chemical, microbial, physical), thermoregulation (maintaining a constant and optimal temperature for life), gas exchange (2% of everything in the body). It consists of the epidermis - the outer, dermis - the main layers and subcutaneous fat. The latter is a connective tissue in the form of lobules filled with fat, nerve endings, blood and lymph vessels, hair bulbs, sebaceous and sweat glands. Oily skin of the face is just due to the increased function of the sebaceous glands. Owners of dry skin, it seems a real bonus, because. Does not peel off, until old age looks young without wrinkles. But there is also the reverse side of the medal of oily skin of the face, which delivers to the owners many unpleasant minutes.


According to statistics in the age interval between 20 and 30 years, about 70% of young people suffer from various skin problems associated with increased fat content. Gradually, with age, their percentage decreases and to 45 years, only one in four remains with this problem. This is explained by the connection of the activity of the sebaceous glands with the intensity of production of sex hormones.

Causes of Oily Skin

The causes of oily skin are covered in:

  • hypersynthesis of sebaceous glands;
  • strengthened keratinization of the epidermis - follicular hyperkeratosis;
  • metabolic disorders;
  • frequent stress;
  • heredity;
  • hormonal imbalance;
  • adverse environment.


Risk factors

To provoke changes in the state of the skin in the direction of a greasy can be the actions of the person himself. The risk factors include:

  • food with inclusion in the diet of a large number of fatty, spicy, sweet food;
  • frequent face peeling;
  • improper selection of cosmetics and facials;
  • Diseases of the digestive tract (colitis, cholecystitis).

The first signs of oily skin

The first signs of oily skin - greasy shine on the face, enlarged pores, the presence of pustules and comedones. Sometimes greasy skin gives off an earthy color and rough skin, because the epidermis in people with this skin is thicker. The hair is also greasy, requiring daily washing, otherwise they look untidy and untidy.

Oily skin of the face in men by virtue of physiology happens more often than in women, although another impression is created because of the greater obsession of the weaker sex on its appearance and the publicity of this problem. In men, the skin has more sebaceous glands, it is thicker in nature, in addition, smoking, alcohol, physical activity, stress, lack of sleep, ignoring the rules of nutrition and proper self-care aggravate the problem. Often the skin becomes inflamed, there are abscesses, seborrhea. For men, their own cosmetic complexes for facial care have been developed, including cleaning, moisturizing, shaving and after it, other procedures. In addition, washing only with cool water, establishing the right way of life will give a good result.

Oily skin of the face in winter is slightly dried by frost, cold wind, dry air indoors. These circumstances sometimes lead to the conclusion that its owner has changed the type of skin, but in fact it is not. Dry skin in winter and oily summer - this often happens, external influences only temporarily change its condition and require in winter more careful care for protection and moisturizing.

Dehydrated oily skin of the face

It would seem that oily skin and dehydration are incompatible, nevertheless such a concept exists, only it is not so noticeable as on dry. Indicates skin peeling, dull color, a feeling of tightness, fatty inflamed skin of the face, loss of elasticity. Other symptoms of dehydration that are not related to skin condition are chapped lips, dry mouth, dark urine, rare urination, fatigue. This problem is solved not only by using facial care products, but also by restoring water balance throughout the body.

Types of oily skin

Oily skin of the face is of several kinds. Most often the area with high fat content is localized in the so-called T-zone, covering the forehead, nose and chin. This type of skin is called combined or mixed. It combines both oily and dry facial skin. Another type is fatness throughout the face. Oily areas have an oily appearance, sometimes porous, and resemble an orange crust, and the pores are funnels. In these holes are often formed black dots - comedones or white - milium. On oily skin can be clearly visible vascular mesh.

Consequences and complications

Despite the fact that people with oily skin face younger than their peers with dry skin, it is still considered problematic. Such a skin is constantly glossy, women badly manage to apply makeup, it "slides" off the face with fat. But most of all she pestered with enlarged pores and the formation of acne. The porous skin looks uneven and unaesthetic, besides it various toxins easily enter into it. Sebum - the result of the activity of the sebaceous glands clogs the pores, blocks the release of fat and other products of vital activity to the outside, leading to such consequences and complications as acne, acne. When the qualitative composition of subcutaneous fat changes, seborrhea of the facial skin develops.

trusted-source[2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8]

How to identify oily skin?

Determine the type of skin is very important for the further choice of the algorithm of care for it, because The methods used for dry skin are radically different from those that are suitable for oily skin. In the case of combined, they will need both. How to identify oily skin? This is easy: after applying the napkin on it there are five fat spots from contact with the convex parts of the face: forehead, nose, cheeks and chin.

What if the facial skin is oily?

The answer to this question is: "Act!". Before a man with oily skin, caring about his appearance, there are three tasks:

  • remove excess fat;
  • promote opening of pores;
  • reduce the secretion of secretion of sebaceous glands.

To these rules, it is necessary to add proper nutrition, full sleep, refusal of alcohol-containing cosmetics, use only for oily skin.

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Everything that is written above can be repeated as preventive measures. A healthy lifestyle, careful daily care, well-chosen cosmetics is the key to success. In the aggregate, these are great everyday efforts that will not be wasted and will make it possible to avoid bigger troubles with the skin of the face.


The prognosis for oily skin of the face with such a vast arsenal of funds is favorable. With age, changes in the hormonal background, all unpleasant processes that occur with the skin become less active. Applying the described best means and masks for oily skin of the face, it is possible to curb the excessive allocation of subcutaneous fat. Contribute to this not only expensive and world-famous cosmetic brands, but also inexpensive pharmacy products.

"Remember, the skin has memory, and if you treat it well, it will repay you with an excellent appearance for a long time. And if not, then exactly the opposite, "- pharmacist Michelle Evrard.

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