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Cosmetic components: Modulators

 
, medical expert
Last reviewed: 19.10.2021
 
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In recent years, cosmetics are increasingly boldly interfering with the processes occurring in the skin, and from the preventive effect goes to cell therapy. Initially, cell therapy was the use of tissue extracts and cells (blood serum, embryonic tissue, sperm, etc.) in cosmetology. However, gradually, it began to be called any effect that changes the functioning of skin cells. With the help of modulators, it is possible to regulate important processes that occur in the epidermis, and even affect the dermis state.

In modern cosmetics, the following types of modulators can be found:

  • Stimulators of cell division - activate the division of cells in the basal layer, thus accelerating the renewal of the skin.
  • Modulators of differentiation. The cell of the epidermis changes greatly as it grows. This change is called differentiation. Moving to the surface of the skin, the cell must have time to turn into a strong enough horny scales, just as the student must have time to get a certificate of maturity for 10 years. Disturbances of differentiation of cells arise under the influence of different causes (UV radiation, stress, carcinogens, etc.). Then, in the epidermis, the repetitive cells are trapped, which are lagging behind their fellow humans. These cells are dangerous to the skin, because they gradually accumulate damage, begin to badly affect other cells and can even degenerate into tumor cells. The modulators of differentiation act on the cells as a rod to lazy pupils, forcing them to remember their purpose and to return to the path of the righteous.
  • Immunomodulators - change the speed and direction of immune reactions of the skin. Used to combat allergic dermatitis and inflammatory skin diseases. Regulators of the synthesis of biological molecules - induce skin cells to enhance the synthesis of vital molecules or, conversely, give them a signal to reduce the rate of synthesis. More often used stimulants of collagen synthesis (vitamin C, fruit acids) and regulators of sebum production (antiandrogens, phytoestrogens).

Some active supplements are difficult to assign to any one group. For example, vitamin C not only replenishes the deficit, but also protects the skin from free radicals and modulates the synthesis of collagen, zinc is necessary for the work of antioxidant enzymes and regulates the production of sebum, vitamin A affects the division of the differentiation of skin cells, etc.

trusted-source[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9]

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