Signs of tracheitis in children are manifested by pronounced manifestations that are impossible not to notice. First of all - it is a dry, debilitating cough. Coughing attacks are most active at night, when the child takes a horizontal position and relaxes. Cough tremors can be so frequent that they sometimes cause vomiting. The child does not get enough sleep, becomes sluggish, irritable. During the daytime, coughing is a little less frequent, it is more like a cough. Unlike adults, children react to tracheitis with increased body temperature. Hyperthermia can reach high levels, up to 39 degrees, which, in combination with constant cough, is a real threat to babies, especially infants. Signs of tracheitis in children, as a rule, immediately alert attentive parents and encourage them to see a doctor. If you do not start timely treatment, tracheitis can develop into tracheobronchitis and even into bronchopneumonia.
The main specific symptom of tracheitis is persistent, dry and frequent coughing. Cough most often occurs at night, less often during the day. Other symptoms of tracheitis in children may be:
- Subfebrile body temperature in chronic tracheitis.
- High body temperature (up to 38-39 degrees) in the acute form of the disease.
- General weakness of the body until exhaustion.
- Rapid breathing, respiratory failure.
- Stridor - noises when breathing.
- When coughing attacks observed typical intercostal retraction - compression of the ribs.
- Dizziness up to his loss (dysphonia).
- Decrease in a voice timbre.
- Reflex urge to vomit.
- Decreased appetite.
- Complaints of burning sensation in the retrosternal space.
The symptoms of tracheitis in children, as well as adults, are quite specific, they are difficult to confuse with signs of another disease. In addition, when listening, the doctor never reveals noise or other changes in the lungs, with the exception of the tracheobronchitis, when dry rales can be heard in the bronchi.
Cough with tracheitis in a child
Cough is a reflex defense mechanism of the body, which is triggered by the slightest irritation of the receptors of the larynx or trachea. Coughing with tracheitis in a child is a peculiar way to remove the sputum accumulated there from the tracheal branches. Characteristic features of cough with tracheitis are the frequency (sometimes up to 20 cough shocks in a row), dryness - without sputum, pain in the chest cavity. Quite often, the inflammatory process in the trachea extends to the bronchi, and the throat also inflames, so a cough with tracheitis in a child can be quite strong, stubborn. A typical cough that is characteristic of tracheitis is night-time bouts, sometimes so long that they literally prevent either the child or their parents from sleeping. Since sputum production is difficult, a dry cough can cause a gag reflex. A simple sigh, drooping of the head, laughter or even crying can provoke a cough while tracheitis in a child.
Acute tracheitis in children is manifested by a strong swelling of the mucous epithelium of the trachea, which leads to an increase in temperature, the release of a viscous secretory fluid and almost immediately to a characteristic dry cough. Cough with tracheitis is a leading clinical sign, most often it is activated at night or early in the morning.
The acute form of tracheitis is often combined with catarrhal laryngitis - inflammation of the larynx, as well as with rhinitis.
The symptoms of chronic tracheitis are less intense than in the acute form of the disease, but dry cough is a typical symptom. A child’s cough looks like a constant cough, which over time becomes more intense, the voice may change (low tone, hoarseness). If the treatment does not begin, the cough develops into night attacks, into obsessive cough series, which most often manifest at night. Chronic tracheitis in children is almost always accompanied by severe symptoms, so it is impossible not to notice it. Attentive parents with the first warning signs similar to tracheitis manifestations should immediately show the child to the doctor.
Allergic tracheitis in children is manifested by pronounced swelling and hyperemia of the mucous epithelium of the trachea, itching, sore throat. As with other types of tracheitis, the main symptom is a characteristic dry, persistent cough. A child’s cough may provoke a simple sigh, a sob when weeping, laughter. Unlike other types of allergic tracheitis in children is manifested in both nighttime and daytime chronic cough. The child's condition gradually deteriorates, subfebrile temperature appears, and general weakness, since breathing is superficially frequent in nature: with tracheitis, the child makes up to 25 breathing movements per minute at a rate of 14-17. Constantly accumulating sputum is not released, but only provokes another attack of cough.
A special feature of tracheitis in an infant is the fact that the baby is not able to complain about its poor condition, the main criterion in the success of treating neonatal tracheitis is considered to be parental attention and timely diagnosis of the disease. Any bouts of night cough in a baby should alert the mother. Tracheitis in an infant manifests itself in the form of rapid breathing, except for cough, the baby’s hoarse voice can be a sign of illness when he cries. If mucus accumulates in the tracheal branches, the child tries to “cough up” it, but due to the underdevelopment of the cough reflex, the sputum may return to the body of the baby. The inflammation process in the bronchi can also join trachyte, which only complicates the condition of the child. The main danger of tracheitis in newborns is the risk of respiratory failure, including asphyxiation.
Symptoms of tracheitis in young children under one year are almost identical to the signs of the disease in adults. There is only one difference - tracheitis in children up to one year proceeds, as a rule, much heavier and most often in the acute form. In addition, a small child is not yet able to complain and clarify his condition, he becomes irritable, capricious. The main symptom of tracheitis in babies is a characteristic night cough, which is manifested by seizures accompanied by breath-holding. Cough frequent, shallow, long, sputum, as a rule, no. Cough attacks can be so long that they cause vomiting. Quite often, tracheitis in children under one year is triggered by a viral infection, so inflammation of the trachea is combined with a cold and laryngitis. The baby's throat is inflamed; there can be quite a high fever.
Tracheitis and laryngitis in children in combination with each other are most often accompanied by a rather high body temperature, sometimes reaching up to 39 degrees. The child loses his appetite, weakens, his breathing becomes shallow and rapid. Respiratory failure is manifested in the pallor of the skin, bluish shade of the lips. Sometimes such a pathological "union" of laryngitis and tracheitis is considered the basis for the hospitalization of a baby.
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