^

Health

Suppositories for cystitis

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 10.08.2022
Fact-checked
х

All iLive content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure as much factual accuracy as possible.

We have strict sourcing guidelines and only link to reputable media sites, academic research institutions and, whenever possible, medically peer reviewed studies. Note that the numbers in parentheses ([1], [2], etc.) are clickable links to these studies.

If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate, out-of-date, or otherwise questionable, please select it and press Ctrl + Enter.

Currently, suppositories for cystitis are widely used. They are mainly used for medical treatment. For preventive purposes, they are used extremely rarely. It should be noted that they are prescribed only if there are indications for use. The appointment must be made by a doctor.

Quick treatment of cystitis with suppositories

As a rule, getting rid of cystitis is quite difficult. However, it is possible to quickly treat cystitis with suppositories. Suppositories have predominantly anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antibacterial effects. There is a fairly large selection of suppositories that can be used both rectally and vaginally. Some suppositories are also used during pregnancy. It should be borne in mind that despite the fact that suppositories are relatively safe, they are still not without contraindications and side effects. With cystitis, various suppositories can be used: hexicon, indomethacin, papaverine, geneferon, diclofenac, sea buckthorn suppositories, viferon, methyluracil suppositories, sea buckthorn suppositories, betadine, ichthyol, chlorhexidine, clotrimazole, nystatin.

Indications for use

The main indications for the use of suppositories for cystitis are cystitis, acute and chronic diseases of the kidneys, urinary tract. Suppositories are effective regardless of the cause of the inflammation. They also have anti-infective and antiseptic effects. It should be borne in mind that these funds have a rather strong effect on the kidneys, so they can be used only if indicated, and after consulting a doctor. It will help to choose the optimal remedy, taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient, taking into account the anamnesis. It should also be borne in mind that the uncontrolled use of these drugs can cause a number of side effects and complications. Many suppositories have an analgesic effect, relieve inflammation. Effective in bacterial vaginosis, cystitis, inflammatory and infectious diseases of bacterial origin.

Suppositories for chronic cystitis

Candles are effective from chronic cystitis. They stop inflammation well, help in the fight against infection. First of all, they help in the fight against urinary tract infections. They have a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, relieve pain, prevent relapses and exacerbations, and facilitate the process of urination. Often used in combination with other drugs, for example, with antispasmodics and painkillers. The advantage of this tool is that it has a pronounced therapeutic effect. It is also worth noting that these drugs have a pronounced analgesic effect. The combination of various drugs allows you to eliminate the chronic, and also does not create an additional burden on either the kidneys or the liver. They do not enter the systemic circulation, they have only a local effect. This allows for a more pronounced and precise impact. In addition, the advantage is that the suppositories have a direct effect directly at the site of infection. At the same time, the dosage is reduced, the need for a load on the gastrointestinal tract disappears.

These drugs are devoid of side effects from the digestive tract, since they do not enter it. It also eliminates the possibility of irritating effects. The advantages of this tool include fast action. The drugs are quickly absorbed into the mucous membranes, providing a direct effect. They have a preventive and sanitizing effect. They sanitize not only the reproductive system, but also adjacent organs: the intestines, the digestive tract, without having an irritating effect.

Names of suppositories from cystitis

Various medicines are used for cystitis, including suppositories. Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and analgesic drugs are shown. To eliminate the infectious process, such agents as hexicon, synthomycin, betadine, macmiror, palin, urosept, polygynac, clotrimazole are widely used. These funds are effective against bacterial and fungal microflora, provide sanitation of the reproductive tract. Also, anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs are often prescribed, for example, synthomycin, chloramphenicol, betadine, urosept. Nystatin acts as the main fungicidal agent. It is aimed at the destruction of fungal microflora, in particular representatives of the genus Candida. Effective against yeast microflora. Influences mainly on gram-positive microflora. The course of treatment depends on the severity of the pathology, on the individual characteristics of the patient, on the duration of the disease, the selected drug.

Hexicon

Hexicon suppositories are used to treat cystitis. Produced in the form of torpedo-shaped suppositories. The active substance is a solution of chlorhexidine bigluconate. The tool is enclosed in a mixture of macrogols. When analyzing the pharmacological properties, it is noteworthy that the drug belongs to antiseptic agents and has a local effect. It is active against many representatives of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microflora. It should be noted that the advantage of this tool is that it does not have a depressing effect on the normal microflow. In particular, there is no inhibitory effect on the activity of lactobacilli. Another advantage is that the drug also acts in the presence of blood and pus. Suppositories are administered intravaginally, have an exclusively local effect. They do not have a systemic effect. They do not penetrate into the blood, which allows the use of these drugs in combination with other drugs, as well as during pregnancy.

Indications for the use of this remedy are urinary tract infections, prevention and treatment of inflammatory processes in the genital area. Suppositories are used to sanitize the reproductive tract and genitourinary system during pregnancy, in preparation for surgery, after some invasive techniques and gynecological procedures. This tool can also be used in the treatment of sexually transmitted pathologies such as gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, ureplasmosis, genital herpes. This remedy is also shown in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis, colpitis, cystitis.

Hexicon suppositories are used for the treatment and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, urinary tract infections. Apply one suppository twice a day. The course of treatment is 7-10 days. The advantage of this remedy is that its use does not require restriction of sexual activity. The drug should be used no earlier than 2 hours before sexual intercourse. It should be borne in mind that the drug has some side effects, in particular, allergic reactions, itching. However, these symptoms usually go away after the drug is stopped. There are practically no contraindications, with the exception of cases of hypersensitivity and individual intolerance to drugs. Pregnancy and lactation are not a contraindication to the use of the drug. The drug can also be used for children, but a different form is used for them - hexicon D. There have been no cases of overdose of this drug. It should also be borne in mind that suppositories are not compatible with detergents, which include products with an anionic group.

Indomethacin

For cystitis, indomethacin may be used. The main active ingredient is the drug of the same name - indomethacin. It has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. The drug also has an antipyretic effect. The mechanism of action is that it is aimed at inhibiting the enzymatic activity of COX. This contributes to the inhibition of the synthesis of prostaglandins, inhibits platelet aggregation. The use of these suppositories significantly weakens the pain syndrome, relieves inflammation, swelling, irritation. This remedy in the form of suppositories is quickly absorbed, has a local effect. The optimal effect can be achieved after 3-4 days of treatment. It undergoes intestinal and hepatic recirculation, and therefore the drug is contraindicated in the treatment of patients suffering from severe renal and hepatic diseases, gastrointestinal pathology. Not recommended for use during pregnancy and lactation. Displayed in 4-5 hours. Suppositories are shown in the treatment of inflammatory, infectious diseases of the genitourinary tract, reproductive system, thrush, bacterial and fungal infections. It is used to prepare for surgical interventions, in the treatment of fibroids, neoplasms. Allows you to eliminate scars, stenosis, spasms.

The dosage of this remedy is determined by the doctor. It is individual for each patient and is determined by the severity of the pathological process, the severity of the pain syndrome, the degree of inflammation. Treatment is carried out for at least 4 weeks. This allows you to achieve a pronounced sustainable effect. It is applied, as a rule, 2-3 times a week.

Some side effects are possible, such as complications from the digestive tract. As a rule, this remedy does not have a widespread effect on the body. Complications such as itching, irritation, burning and pain at the injection site are possible. Usually, after the withdrawal of the remedy, these effects disappear. Possible swelling of the mucous membrane, an allergic reaction, swelling. In severe cases of individual intolerance, an infiltrate, abscess, and hematoma may develop. With rectal administration, exacerbation and irritation of the rectal mucosa, tenesmus, erosion, ulcers, and gastrointestinal pathology are possible.

The drug can not be used in the presence of erosions and ulcers, a violation of the state of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, in violation of the function of hematopoiesis, in pathologies of the kidneys and liver. GIT. Side effects are local reactions, in particular itching, irritation, redness, swelling and irritation. It should also be borne in mind that the drug has many contraindications, so the appointment should be made exclusively by a doctor. Children under 14 years of age should not be used. It is also necessary in the process of treatment to control the condition of the blood. The drug is incompatible with acetylsalicylic acid.

Papaverine

Papaverine is used to eliminate the symptoms of cystitis. The composition of suppositories includes papaverine hydrochloride - the main active ingredient. The basis is solid fat. The drug is a myotropic antispasmodic. When using the drug, cAMP accumulates, and the content of intracellular calcium increases, which significantly increases cellular activity, and also helps to restore tissue metabolism. The drug normalizes blood flow, improves the condition of the mucous membranes. It is worth noting the hypotensive effect. The bioavailability of this agent is approximately 54%. After absorption into the blood, the substance binds to plasma proteins. Approximately 90% binding occurs. Excretion occurs through the kidneys, after about 3-4 hours.

Indications for the use of papaverine are inflammatory diseases in the genitourinary tract, reproductive system. Eliminates spasms and tenesmus in the pelvic area, abdominal cavity, bronchi, vascular system. It is also worth noting that the agent can be used for premedication in the treatment of pathologies of the genitourinary system. It is administered rectally or intravaginally, 20-40 mg 3-5 times a day. The interval between injections of the drug should be at least 5 hours. The drug can be used to treat cystitis in the elderly. In this case, the initial dosage is approximately 10 mg. Can be used for children aged 1 to 12 years. The maximum single dosage is 200-300 mcg/kg. Side effects are rare, however, symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, excessive sweating are not excluded. The drug is contraindicated in pathologies of the kidneys, liver. It is also not recommended for children under the age of 6 months, the elderly. Information regarding the possibility of using this drug during pregnancy has not been identified. Use with caution after a traumatic brain injury, with pathologies of the kidneys and liver, with diseases of the adrenal glands, tachycardia, shock conditions.

Genferon

Genferon suppositories are suppositories, which include components such as interferon-alpha, taurine. They have a local effect. Interferon is one of the main components of the immune system. Interferon is produced by opportunistic bacteria of the genus Escherichia (E. Coli). The tool has antiviral, immunomodulatory and antibacterial effects. This effect can be achieved through the activation of intracellular enzymes. They inhibit the activity of the virus and its replication. As for the immunomodulatory action, it is achieved by enhancing the reactivity of cell-mediated reactions. This significantly increases the activity of immunity against viral infection. Also, this tool increases the proliferative activity of cells, at the same time, eliminating cells that have undergone cancerous transformation. Also noteworthy is the high antiviral activity, antiseptic effect. Taurine activates and normalizes metabolic processes. It should also be taken into account that taurine has antioxidant properties, actively interacts with oxygen molecules, which helps to eliminate oxidative stress. Taurine has a therapeutic effect, eliminates the biological activity of taurine. The maximum bioavailability of the drug is observed with rectal administration. There is a high regeneration of cells, stimulation of membranes and immunity. With intravaginal administration, bioavailability is approximately 80%. The use of suppositories allows for systemic and local effects, due to which its activity and therapeutic efficacy are sharply enhanced. The maximum concentration of the drug in the blood is reached after 5 hours. After about 12 hours, the half-life of the drug is noted. This indicates the need to apply these funds every 12 hours.

The drug is used as a means for monotherapy, or as part of complex therapy. Indications for use are various types of infection: bacterial, viral, fungal. The main effect is achieved due to the fact that the immune system is stimulated. This triggers the natural defense mechanisms in the body, due to which the fight against infection occurs. The drug can be used to treat infectious and inflammatory diseases, including in pregnant women. Can be used to treat cystitis in children and the elderly.

Usually the drug is prescribed 1-2 suppositories per day. The duration of treatment is 7-10 days, depending on the severity of the disease, its duration, the age of the patient. The drug is often prescribed for the treatment and prevention of cystitis, gynecological diseases, for the rehabilitation of the birth canal at 13-40 weeks of gestation. In acute forms of the disease, suppositories are used twice a day for 5 days. If treatment fails, repeated courses of treatment can be used. Sometimes prescribed twice a day. It all depends on the disease, its severity, the level of bacterial contamination. The drug may have side effects, such as itching, burning in the genitourinary tract, irritation in the vaginal area. These phenomena are reversible and usually disappear after discontinuation of the drug (within 72 hours). Other, more dangerous consequences were noted. It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that when taking the drug, body temperature may increase. This is an unfavorable factor that indicates that it is necessary to address the issue of dose adjustment. In some cases, a single dose of paracetamol at a dosage of 250-500 mg allows you to normalize body temperature, accelerate adaptation.

The drug is contraindicated in case of individual intolerance to the individual components of the drug. In the first trimester, it is also not recommended to take this drug. The drug should be taken with caution in allergic reactions, autoimmune processes, pathologies of immunity. The drug can be used in children, but only if there are indications and on the prescription of a doctor. The drug can be combined with other drugs, and it also does not affect potentially dangerous actions, including reaction speed, concentration. Taking this tool, you can drive vehicles, work with equipment of varying complexity. Cases of overdose are not seen. The effect of the drug is enhanced when taken together with other antibacterial and fungicidal agents.

Diclofenac

With cystitis, diclofenac is prescribed in the form of suppositories. The main active ingredient is diclofenac sodium. The drug has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic effects. A remedy aimed at removing the inflammatory process, at stopping the pain syndrome. This tool allows you to reduce pain during injuries, after surgery, during an exacerbation of cystitis. If you use the drug for a long time, it has a desensitizing effect. The half-life is 2-4 hours. The maximum concentration of the drug in the blood with rectal administration is reached after 1 hour, with intravaginal - 1-1.5 hours. The bioavailability of the drug is quite high, and is up to 99%. When it enters the blood, approximately 60% of the substance is excreted through the kidneys.

The dosage is selected by the doctor, depending on the diagnosis, age, characteristics of the disease, the severity of the pathology. First appoint the minimum effective dosage. Then, if this dose is ineffective, it is increased. As a rule, appoint 1-2 suppositories per day. The duration of treatment ranges from 5 to 7 days. Suppositories are recommended to be used at night, before going to bed. The daily dose is 150 mg. The initial dose is usually 50-100 mg. Treatment with diclofenac should be started at the first sign of cystitis. For the elderly, as a rule, start with a minimum dosage. No further upgrade is required. In somatically weakened patients, in the presence of numerous comorbidities, chronic diseases, it is also recommended to use the minimum dosage. Long-term therapy is also possible, up to 4-5 weeks. In this case, the daily dose should not exceed 100 mg. The drug is also prescribed for children over the age of 1 year. The dosage averages 1-2 mg/kg of body weight.

Side effects are rare. Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, flatulence, and other disorders of the digestive tract are often observed. Stomatitis, glossitis are also possible. With rectal administration, exacerbations of chronic pathologies of the rectum are possible. Erosions, ulcers, hemorrhagic colitis are often observed. Sensitivity is disturbed, irritation, itching, burning appear. As a rule, with prolonged use, pronounced local reactions are observed, the mucous membrane dries out. In severe cases, tissue necrosis is possible.

Hypersensitivity to the drug, pronounced attacks of bronchial asthma, urticaria act as contraindications to the use of this drug. You can not use the drug for ulcers of the rectum, large and small intestines, with proctitis, sigmoiditis. With caution, you need to take the drug for COPD, bronchial asthma, diseases of the stomach and intestines, and vascular pathologies. The use of the drug during pregnancy is possible only on prescription, and only in the 1st and 2nd trimester. In the third trimester, you can not take the drug, as it reduces the contractile activity of the uterus, as a result of which weakness of labor activity, pathology during childbirth is possible. When breastfeeding is also not recommended to use the drug. Caution should be exercised in pathologies of the kidneys, liver. Children under 6 years of age are not recommended to use this product.

Methyluracil suppositories

The main active ingredient is methyluracil. Methyluracil suppositories are prescribed for cystitis. It is considered as an immunostimulating agent aimed at normalizing metabolism. Promotes tissue epithelialization. It is also worth noting the antiviral and anti-inflammatory effect of candles. In fact, any inflammatory and infectious processes are an indication for the use of methyluracil. Promotes healing of wounds, erosions, ulcers. It is used in the local treatment of cystitis, proctitis, ulcerative colitis.

The treatment regimen is determined for each individual case. The course of treatment ranges from 5 to 7 days. Side effects are possible, such as burning, irritation, and even headache, nausea, vomiting. If you experience any side effects, including local ones, you should consult your doctor. You may need to discontinue the drug. Contraindications for admission - individual intolerance, severe allergic reaction, leukemia, and other oncological diseases, pathologies in the bone marrow.

Viferon

It is a drug that contains human interferon. The mechanism of action is that the suppositories have an anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory effect. Due to the fact that the composition of the suppositories additionally includes tocopherol (vitamin E), the drug has an additional immunomodulatory effect. The agent acts as an antioxidant, relieves oxidative stress and its consequences, neutralizes free radicals, and has antiviral activity. With intravaginal and rectal application, the degree of absorption is average. The drug penetrates into the blood after about 2-3 hours. Also, the drug is used to treat acute and chronic cystitis of bacterial, fungal and viral origin. Effective against herpes virus infection. Children are prescribed after reaching 1 year, not earlier.

Apply 1-2 suppositories per day. The course of treatment averages 5-7 days, if necessary, the course can be extended. When the first signs of side effects appear, you need to consult a doctor, report the symptoms. Perhaps the doctor will reconsider the dosage. Side effects are mainly local reactions, such as burning, itching, redness, irritation. Treatment should be started as early as possible, preferably when signs of disease appear. Side effects are rare. However, in some cases, redness, peeling of the skin is possible. As a rule, all side effects disappear after the drug is discontinued. Individual intolerance to drugs, an allergic reaction are contraindications. Also, the drug is not prescribed to children under the age of one year. During pregnancy and feeding, viferon can be used, since it has only a local effect, and does not penetrate into the blood. Accordingly, the drug does not penetrate either through the placenta or into breast milk. As a rule, the drug is well tolerated, there are no cases of individual intolerance. Overdose has not been reported. The drug is quite well combined with other drugs.

Sea buckthorn candles

For the treatment of cystitis, sea buckthorn suppositories are used. They contribute to the active healing of wounds, the restoration of mucous membranes. With the help of this tool, you can achieve a stable remission in chronic forms of cystitis, as well as get rid of the main symptoms in acute forms of cystitis. Sea buckthorn suppositories allow you to eliminate the inflammatory process, stop pain. This is a natural remedy based on sea buckthorn oil. The composition includes a large number of vitamin, mineral complexes. There is a large amount of flavonoids, fatty acids, tocopherols, glycerides. In addition to the fact that the drug has an anti-inflammatory, anti-infective effect, it also prevents the development of the tumor process. Suppositories provide reliable protection of mucous membranes, their recovery. Sea buckthorn suppositories stimulate regeneration, itching, swelling, pain. Suppositories also activate the activity of immune cells. It should also be noted that sea buckthorn improves blood clotting, due to which erosion and ulcers heal much faster. It is used for cystitis of any origin: for bacterial, viral, radiation injuries. Available in the form of rectal and vaginal suppositories. Combines well with other drugs. It can be used as monotherapy or as part of complex therapy. Usually sea buckthorn suppositories are prescribed 1-2 pieces per day. The course of treatment averages 15 days. However, depending on individual characteristics, the course can be adjusted, a different form of treatment and dosage is prescribed. It should be borne in mind that this product can cause allergies and irritation. Therefore, if you have injected a sea buckthorn candle and feel pain and discomfort, burning, irritation directly at the injection site, this remedy is not suitable. If the procedure is carried out twice a day, suppositories should be placed in the morning and evening. If this remedy is prescribed once, you need to put the suppository in the evening, before going to bed. After completing the full course of treatment, you need to take a break for a month. Before the procedure, it is necessary to carry out hygienic treatment of the skin, perineum.

Betadine

It has an effective antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect. The main active ingredient is povidone-iodine. Upon contact with the skin or mucous membranes, iodine and skin proteins form stable complexes (iodamines). They are capable of coagulation, which leads to the death of microorganisms. The bactericidal effect comes quickly, is long. Betadine is effective against gram-positive and gram-negative forms of microorganisms. Also, the drug is effective against protozoa, fungus, viruses. When applied topically, iodine is almost not absorbed.

The main indications for use are wound infection, inflammatory and infectious processes, prevention of mixed infections, bacterial associations. The drug is used in the treatment of erosions, ulcers, for the sanitation of the genital tract. It is indicated for acute and chronic forms of cystitis, for the prevention of exacerbations and relapses of cystitis, in preparation for operations, when planning pregnancy.

The drug is used for lubricating shells, for washing, on turundas in the form of candles. Betadine has side effects, in particular, it can negatively affect the functional state of the thyroid gland, causing hyperthyroidism. Individual intolerance to the drug is possible, which manifests itself in the form of an allergic reaction, itching, swelling, pain. This remedy is contraindicated in dermatitis, hyperthyroidism, the use of iodine preparations, with increased sensitivity to iodine. Use with caution in diseases of the kidneys and liver. After 3 months of pregnancy, the drug is not used. During lactation, the drug is also contraindicated. Cases of overdose are not registered. Betadine combines well with other drugs.

Thus, cystitis suppositories are extremely effective. However, you need to choose them correctly. Before starting treatment, you should consult with your doctor.

Attention!

To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Suppositories for cystitis" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.

Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.

Translation Disclaimer: The original language of this article is Russian. For the convenience of users of the iLive portal who do not speak Russian, this article has been translated into the current language, but has not yet been verified by a native speaker who has the necessary qualifications for this. In this regard, we warn you that the translation of this article may be incorrect, may contain lexical, syntactic and grammatical errors.

You are reporting a typo in the following text:
Simply click the "Send typo report" button to complete the report. You can also include a comment.