Causes of increased hemoglobin in the blood
The reasons for the increase in hemoglobin in the blood may be different, but, as a rule, an excess of red blood cells speaks about the excess of red blood cells in the body. This condition is called erythrocytosis, and it causes a number of complications in the body's work, as it disrupts blood circulation and leads to the problem of blood coagulability. Let's look at the main causes of increased hemoglobin in the blood.
Increase in red blood cells, which act as a compensatory mechanism for transporting blood throughout the body.
- Reduction of blood plasma volume.
- Living in a mountainous area (because of a lack of oxygen, the body begins to produce more hemoglobin, which leads to its increase).
- Bad habits. Smoking can cause increased hemoglobin due to a lack of pure oxygen in the body.
- Dehydration is another cause of increased hemoglobin. But as soon as the water balance in the body is restored, the level of hemoglobin will return to normal.
- The use of drugs and anabolic agents can lead to an increase in the level of red blood cells and hemoglobin.
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Elevated levels of erythrocytes and hemoglobin
Elevated levels of red blood cells and hemoglobin is the cause of blood circulation disorders. Elevated indicators may indicate a thickening of the blood due to dehydration, pulmonary insufficiency, congenital heart defects or long-term adaptation of the organism to certain conditions (found in pilots and climbers). Harmful habits, especially smoking, is another reason for the elevated level of red blood cells and hemoglobin.
The increase in the level of erythrocytes and hemoglobin is divided into relative and absolute. Absolute increase - calls Vex's disease, which causes chronic leukemia, that is, the usual erythrocytosis. This condition can arise due to oxygen starvation, an excess of hormones (androgens and adrenocorticosteroids). A relative increase is a pathological condition that arises from a decrease in plasma volumes.
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Increased hemoglobin in women
Elevated levels of hemoglobin in women can occur due to excessive physical exertion, smoking, the use of anabolic steroids or prolonged stay in the highlands. In this case, to reduce the level of hemoglobin, it is recommended to take vitamin B12 and folic acid. Elevated hemoglobin in women is extremely dangerous during pregnancy, as this is evidence of complications in the development of the baby or the presence of liver and kidney diseases in the mother.
In any case, women with elevated levels of hemoglobin should observe the principles of healthy eating, spend more time outdoors and consume vitamins. Such a complex and all available treatment will help to normalize the level of hemoglobin in the blood.
Elevated hemoglobin level in men
Elevated hemoglobin level in men is 20-40 g / l higher than normal hemoglobin - 140-160 g / l. The main reasons for this state are bad habits. For example, smoking causes a lack of oxygen. A high level of hemoglobin causes blood clots and plaques in the blood, interfering with its normal circulation and causing strokes and heart attacks. Cardiovascular insufficiency and lung diseases, cardiac and vascular pathology, B12 deficiency is another cause of elevated hemoglobin in men.
Symptoms of increased hemoglobin are manifested in the form of rapid fatigue, loss of appetite, visual impairment and the genitourinary system. Redness or excessive pallor of the skin also indicate a pathological level of hemoglobin. Treat this condition with the use of medications that dilute blood, diet, rejection of bad habits and an active lifestyle.
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Elevated hemoglobin level in children
Elevated hemoglobin level in children is a symptom of diseases and complications in the work of the body. In newborn babies, elevated hemoglobin is due to physiological processes, but with the child's growing up, it normalizes. The main causes of elevated hemoglobin levels in a child are: blood diseases, congenital heart diseases, cancer, and others.
The main symptoms of elevated hemoglobin in children do not differ from the symptoms in adults. The child feels constant weakness and drowsiness, quickly becomes tired, and the baby can pale or get a red shade of the skin. With this symptomatology, the parents' task is to take the child to the hospital and conduct a special examination.
Elevated levels of hemoglobin in the blood - a pathological condition, which indicates the presence of diseases or lack of vitamins in the body. Sometimes, elevated hemoglobin occurs due to bad habits, excessive physical exertion or staying in a high altitude area. Regardless of the cause, this condition requires compulsory treatment and medical supervision.
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