, medical expert
Last reviewed: 19.10.2021

All iLive content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure as much factual accuracy as possible.

We have strict sourcing guidelines and only link to reputable media sites, academic research institutions and, whenever possible, medically peer reviewed studies. Note that the numbers in parentheses ([1], [2], etc.) are clickable links to these studies.

If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate, out-of-date, or otherwise questionable, please select it and press Ctrl + Enter.

Today in the field of dermatology there are such specialists as a dermatologist, dermatovenerologist, dermatologist-cosmetologist and trichologist.

Problems with skin rashes and itching, lice, nail problems have troubled people since the earliest times. Information was found confirming that about 1.5 thousand years BC. E. The study of skin diseases and methods of their treatment was conducted. Dermatology - one of the most ancient branches of medicine, appeared in the cradle of the most ancient peoples - China, India and Greece, and this science developed in every country completely independently.

trusted-source[1], [2]

Who is a dermatologist?

To determine who a dermatologist is, let's return to the subject of studying science such as dermatology. They are the skin and its appendages (hair, nails). The skin of the human body, or epithelium, is one of the largest organs, performing two most important functions: protective and respiratory. Any changes, both in internal organs and in the external environment, leave their changes on the skin. Sometimes changes on the epithelium can signal serious diseases, so for any persistent changes in the skin, as well as nails and hair, a visit to a dermatologist is not only desirable, but also necessary.

When should I go to a dermatologist?

Human skin is most strongly affected by the environment, for example, changes in temperature and humidity, deterioration of the quality of water from the tap. Therefore, not all skin reactions can be a signal of internal disease and require an immediate visit to the dermatologist. When should I go to a dermatologist? When a persistent, pale or bright rash appears on the epithelial cover, redness that has a tendency to progress, swelling of the skin, purulent formations, increased acne, scaling and itching of the skin, changes in the structure of the hair or nails, infection with lice, changes in color and size birthmarks, an increase in their number on the body. Any of these problems on the human body requires an immediate visit to the dermatologist.

What tests should I take when I visit a dermatologist?

To diagnose certain diseases that caused problems with the skin and its appendages, additional studies and analyzes are needed. However, the spectrum of diseases that lead to problems with the epithelial cover of a person is so great that there are no general recommendations, what tests to pass when referring to a dermatologist. The doctor himself will appoint all the necessary tests and send to other specialists, if he sees in this need. You can before the visit to the dermatologist to give a biochemical blood test, as well as an analysis for sex hormones and thyroid hormones. But more precisely, the doctor must determine everything after the examination of the patient, because each case is individual.

What diagnostic methods does the dermatologist use?

In order to treat the problem, you need to find out its cause. When there are any changes on the skin, nails, hair, a visit to the dermatologist is necessary. How does it go, and what diagnostic methods does the dermatologist use? First of all, this is a visual examination of the affected parts of the epithelial cover, their palpation. Also, the dermatologist uses such diagnostic methods as microscopy, cytology, histology, etc. Based on the results of the study, the doctor can give the patient a referral to another specialist, send him for additional diagnostics, an allergy test, tests, ultrasound, and based on their results to appoint treatment.

What does a dermatologist do?

The dermatologist is a narrow specialist, but he must know not only dermatology proper, but also many other branches of medicine. Very often the dermatologist interacts with other specialists, especially when the epithelial cover problems are caused by diseases of the internal organs. So, what does the dermatologist do? Investigation of changes in the skin and appendages of a person, elucidation of the cause of these changes, as well as the appointment of appropriate measures for their elimination. Very often a dermatologist can refer to another specialist to find out if everything is in order with one or another of the patient's organs.

What diseases does the dermatologist treat?

The condition of the skin, nails and hair of a person is a mirror of his internal health, therefore any changes in the epithelial cover should be taken into account and shown to the dermatologist. What diseases does the dermatologist treat? First of all, these are skin rashes of any nature: transmitted through viruses, infections, parasites, fungi, developing against the background of allergies or disorders of the function of internal organs. It is also an acne, a violation of sebaceous glands and seborrhea as a result of this, pediculosis, fungi on the nails of the hands and feet, hives. Also, a dermatologist can refer a patient to the diagnosis of more complex and serious diseases, for example, oncological tumors.

Advice from a dermatologist

Each disease is individual and for its treatment in a particular organism requires an individual approach. However, the general advice of a dermatologist can be formulated as follows. First, any changes in the epithelial cover should be seen and examined, the earlier, the better. Therefore, each person needs to monitor the condition of their skin, hair, nails, keep them clean, and choose appropriate care products for them. Often the cause of skin problems is malnutrition or increased nervousness. Therefore, a healthy diet and tranquility will have a good effect on your inner state and on the external.


Translation Disclaimer: The original language of this article is Russian. For the convenience of users of the iLive portal who do not speak Russian, this article has been translated into the current language, but has not yet been verified by a native speaker who has the necessary qualifications for this. In this regard, we warn you that the translation of this article may be incorrect, may contain lexical, syntactic and grammatical errors.

You are reporting a typo in the following text:
Simply click the "Send typo report" button to complete the report. You can also include a comment.