After making a diagnosis of a crack in the bone, the doctor proceeds to prescribe treatment. The main point of therapy is the immobilization of nearby joints and bones, the immobilization of the limb. This can be done with the help of plaster (longuet), or other devices that can ensure the immobility of the damaged area.
In some cases, it is possible to do without applying a plaster cast: the patient is offered to wear an orthosis - a special medical device that corrects, unloads and fixes the damaged joint and limb.
An injured person must follow a special diet - with a high content of minerals and vitamins. For pain, analgesics are prescribed, for damage to the lower extremities, bed rest.
In some cases, it may be necessary to take anti-inflammatory and immunostimulating agents. 
What is done with a cracked bone?
Immediately after an injury, you should contact the nearest medical facility - preferably a trauma center. Going to the doctor, it is important to first immobilize the affected area of the body: for example, you can apply a splint from improvised materials, or at least a scarf (if the arm is damaged). If possible, apply an ice pack to the injured area.
In case of a lower limb injury, you cannot walk on your own: relying on a damaged bone can aggravate the problem, and a partial fracture will turn into a complete or even displaced one. If the foot is injured, then it is fixed and immobilized.
All victims are assigned x-ray diagnostics to clarify the nature of the damage. 
How long to walk in a cast with a bone fracture?
The duration of the period of stay in plaster with a crack in the bone is not the same for all patients. It depends on many factors: on the size of the damage, on the localization, on the general state of health and the age of the victim.
On average, gypsum has to be worn for 20 to 35 days. In case of damage to the foot, this period can be extended up to 5-7 weeks.
If the patient suffers from diabetes mellitus, then the duration of stay in a cast with a bone fracture also increases - from a couple of months to six months.
Trying to get rid of the plaster cast ahead of time should not be: a crack in the bone is also a fracture, albeit partial. For its healing, it is essential to ensure the immobility of the broken area. Only under such conditions will normal tissue fusion occur. 
Medications that a doctor may prescribe
In order for the crack in the bone to heal faster, one gypsum is not enough: it is necessary to use certain drugs that relieve pain and accelerate the restoration of bone tissue.
What drugs are we talking about?
- Analgesics - they are used to relieve pain.
- Vitamin and mineral complexes - will help replenish the supply of nutrients in the body.
- Chondroprotectors - they are prescribed if it is necessary to restore cartilage tissue.
- Immunostimulants - strengthen the immune system, promote rapid healing.
- Diuretic drugs - are needed if fluid accumulation (edema) occurs in the area of \u200b\u200bthe damaged bone element.
- Analgesics, pain medications:
- Ketanov is a preparation of ketorolac, which is prescribed to eliminate acute pain for a short period. Ketanov take one tablet every 5 hours. You should not drink the remedy for more than five to seven days in a row, because of its negative effect on the mucous membrane of the digestive tract.
- Ibuprofen is a well-known non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, which is taken 400-600 mg 2-3 times a day. Long-term treatment with the drug can cause heartburn, diarrhea, sleep disturbance; erosive and ulcerative lesions of the digestive tract are often noted.
- Pentalgin is a combination drug based on the action of metamizole, paracetamol, caffeine and other ingredients. Tablets are taken one at a time up to three times a day (intervals between doses are at least four hours). Treatment with Pentalgin is sometimes accompanied by side effects such as indigestion, fatigue, irritability. The drug is not prescribed if the patient, along with a bone fracture, has a craniocerebral injury, or there is increased intracranial pressure.
- Solpadeine is a combination drug available in convenient effervescent tablets that are dissolved in a glass of water. The standard intake involves the use of 2 tablets every four hours (but not more than eight tablets per day). Side effects during treatment are limited to a possible allergy to the drug.
- Diuretic drugs to eliminate puffiness:
- Veroshpiron is a diuretic based on spironolactone, administered orally at 0.05-0.3 g / day (more often - 0.1-0.2 g in three doses). Cancellation is carried out gradually. Treatment may be accompanied by dizziness, drowsiness, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia.
- Diacarb is an acetazolamide preparation. To eliminate edema in case of a bone fracture, 0.125-0.25 g is prescribed 1-2 times a day, for 1-2 days. Longer use may cause headaches with dizziness, paresthesia, allergies.
- Calcium-containing products, vitamin preparations:
- Calcium gluconate is the calcium salt of gluconic acid. Take tablets before meals, 1-3 g up to three times a day. With a tendency to thrombosis, the use of the drug is contraindicated.
- Calcemin Advance - contains an effective combination of calcium and vitamin D, as well as other trace elements. With a crack in the bone, the drug is taken two tablets per day, with water (morning and evening). Do not take more than 3 tablets per day, as this can lead to digestive disorders and allergies.
- Calcium D 3 Nycomed - convenient chewable tablets with calcium and cholecalciferol. With a crack in the bone, it is appropriate to use the drug 2-3 times a day, one tablet. Treatment is usually well tolerated, only in rare cases nausea, loss of appetite are noted.
- Preparations to strengthen the immune defense:
- Immuno-tone - syrup with extracts of eleutherococcus, echinacea and St. John's wort. It is taken with food, or immediately after it: in the morning, 1 tablespoon, during the week. It is not recommended to take the drug longer, because of the risk of a drop in immunity activity.
- Echinacea tablets are a herbal preparation with hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, regenerating and immunostimulating properties. Tablets are taken in the morning and in the evening, one at a time, for one or two weeks. Contraindications to the use of the drug is hypersensitivity to any plants from the Compositae family (for example, to chamomile, dandelion, calendula).
- Immunoflazid is a sweet and liquid plant extract with a pronounced immunostimulating property. Adults take this drug 9 ml twice a day for 1-4 weeks. Allergy to the drug is rare.
- Preparations for the restoration of cartilage tissue:
- Chondroitin complex with glucosamine - prescribed in the rehabilitation period for a crack in the bone, one capsule twice a day for three weeks. Then switch to a maintenance dosage of one capsule once a day. The total duration of treatment is 2 months. The drug is not recommended for use with a tendency to bleeding.
- Teraflex - is used for complete and partial fractures, to accelerate the process of regeneration and the formation of callus. For 21 days, the drug is taken 1 capsule three times a day, and then - 1 capsule twice a day. The duration of treatment is 2-3 months.
Ointments for cracked bones
To relieve pain and speed up healing with a crack in the bone, it is also allowed to use external remedies in the form of ointments or gels.
Ointments that relieve pain discomfort:
- Diclofenac gel, representing the category of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Suitable for eliminating joint and muscle pain, aching and painful discomfort with cracks in the bone.
- Ketonal cream based on ketoprofen has an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect, relieves post-traumatic pain.
- Ointment with lidocaine 5% refers to local anesthetics of the amide type. Can be used for short local anesthesia.
- Ointments used for swelling and hematoma:
- Heparin ointment refers to anticoagulants, it is used for edema that occurs after injuries without compromising the integrity of the skin.
- Indovazin is a combined remedy that simultaneously has a decongestant, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect.
- Troxevasin gel is prescribed to eliminate swelling and pain in post-traumatic syndrome.
- Warming ointments prescribed during the recovery period:
- Nicoflex is a local drug with analgesic, warming and vasodilating effects. Do not apply during an acute inflammatory reaction.
- Kapsikam is a combined agent with an irritating and vasodilating effect, improves local blood circulation in tissues. Kapsikam should not be applied to damaged skin. Caution: the drug can cause allergies.
Vitamins and trace elements for a crack in the bone
To strengthen bone tissue, the body needs calcium and zinc, magnesium and phosphorus. However, these substances cannot be absorbed without the presence of certain vitamins. For example, a sufficient intake of B-group vitamins, ascorbic acid, and vitamin D is important. A complete set of vitamin and mineral substances will significantly accelerate the healing of a crack in the bone.
What is the role of the voiced useful components?
- The main building element of the musculoskeletal system is calcium: it is he who provides bone strength.
- In order for calcium to be fully absorbed, the presence of vitamin D is necessary: if its intake is not enough, then the bone tissue will not be strong.
- B-group vitamins are involved in the normalization of bone growth processes, maintain elasticity and help form collagen fibers.
- Ascorbic acid accelerates all recovery processes in the body, prevents demineralization.
- Vitamin K 2 is designed to prevent the "washout" of calcium from the tissues.
All of these components can be obtained both from food and by taking complex vitamin and mineral preparations. Such complex remedies as Vitrum Osteomag, Osteo Santum, Vitrum Calcium D 3 are widely known, any of these drugs can be taken with a bone fracture, and even with fractures.
As for food products, these vitamins and minerals are present in sufficient quantities in vegetables, herbs, fruits, cottage cheese, sesame seeds, buckwheat, legumes. Vitamin D can be obtained by getting enough sun exposure.
Physiotherapy treatment for a fracture in the bone
Physiotherapy is allowed to be applied already on the second or third day after the injury. Most often, with a bone fracture, UHF, electrophoresis, UVI are prescribed. For electrophoresis, mainly targeted drugs are used: calcium, chlorine, corticosteroids, novocaine, iodine preparations.
Warming up is carried out with the help of paraffin, ozocerite, therapeutic mud. The essence of thermal procedures is to accelerate blood flow in the damaged area, which will lead to an improvement in metabolism and recovery processes, as well as to the speedy removal of tissue decay products.
Mud therapy has a positive effect on the human nervous system as a whole. Contraindications may be decompensated cardiac disorders, tuberculosis, oncological pathologies.
Other auxiliary types of therapy often become climatotherapy, massage, galvanization (electrotherapy), balneotherapy, exercise therapy.
Alternative treatment for a fractured bone
With proper immobilization, a bone fracture heals on its own after a while. However, in order to speed up this process, you can use ancillary treatments - for example, alternative means. We bring to your attention several recipes, the action of which has been tested by more than one generation.
- They take the shell from one chicken egg, dry it well and grind it to a powder. The resulting powder is mixed with lemon juice and eaten all. A similar remedy is prepared daily, taken for a couple of weeks.
- Two or three walnuts are eaten daily.
- Take a raw egg yolk, mix with 1 tsp. Dry gelatin. Eat immediately after mixing, and then do not eat for half an hour. The procedure is repeated daily, until a permanent improvement in the condition.
- Collect the shells from chicken eggs, dry well and grind to a powder. Eat ½ tsp. Received powder at breakfast and dinner.
- Treat the damaged area with fir oil - daily, up to three times a day.
Pour 1 tbsp. L. Larkspur 500 ml of boiling water, kept for 1 hour under the lid, filtered. Drink 1 tbsp. L. Up to 4 times a day, and also lubricate the damaged area.
Pour 200 ml of boiling water 1 tbsp. L. Comfrey, insist until cool, filter. Take 1 dessert spoon three times a day for four weeks. In addition, the infusion can be used to treat a damaged area on the body. The medicine is rubbed into the skin twice a day - in the morning and at night.
Take one and a half tablespoons of dry calendula, pour 500 ml of boiling water, keep for an hour under the lid. Filter and take 100 ml 4 times a day.
Fruits in the amount of 25 pieces are poured into 500 ml of boiling water, kept in a thermos for 15-20 minutes. Filter and take 150-200 ml up to 4 times a day, between meals.
These plants stimulate regenerative processes in bone tissue, accelerate wound healing, enhance the body's resistance.
Homeopathy for a crack in the bone
Homeopathic remedies can be used immediately after injury, as well as in the future, to accelerate the healing of a crack in the bone.
In order to choose the right remedy, you need to contact a homeopathic doctor who can recommend the following remedies:
- Arnica is suitable for the treatment of partial as well as complete bone fractures of any localization and complexity.
- Aconite - successfully fights against shock, pain, normalizes the state of the nervous system.
- Symphytum - suitable for accelerating the healing of minor injuries; treatment begins after fixation of the damaged bone.
- Calendula - is prescribed to optimize the healing processes in injuries accompanied by internal hemorrhages, hematomas.
- Hypericum - helps if the injury is accompanied by a violation of sensitivity in the affected area.
- Ruta - suitable for the treatment of fractures in the bone, sprains and soft tissues.
- Calcarea phosphorica - is prescribed if the crack does not heal for a long time (within 1-1.5 months).
It is recommended to take 3 grains of the selected remedy in a potency of 30 seconds, every 4 hours, or more often (for severe pain, until a permanent improvement in the condition).
Side effects during treatment are usually absent. Homeopathic remedies are safe and have no contraindications for use.
Surgical treatment for a fracture in the bone
The surgical method of treatment is used exclusively to eliminate all kinds of injuries and deformities of the limbs, spine, pelvis. This is especially true for bone fractures. With cracks in the bone, such treatment is most often not required.