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Often for parents is a mystery who such a children's dermatologist. In the head there are associations with a dermatologist, a campaign to which is carefully hidden and is often considered something shameful and unpleasant.
Who is a children's dermatologist?
A dermatologist is a specialist who deals with problems with the skin and its appendages, such as mucous membranes, hair, nails, reveals methods to combat skin diseases and prevent them.
The fact that young children have young skin does not ensure its absolute safety. It is the children's dermatologist that will help prevent skin burns on rest and frostbite of the skin of the face and hands in winter, can recognize the rash on the skin and correctly diagnose it, help in case of problems with hair growth or nails in the child, will identify the cause of itching on the skin.
This doctor is not in the list of habitual specialists, he is rarely addressed on his own, more often in the direction of other doctors. A pediatric dermatologist may be in a clinic or in a hospital. There is rarely a need to maintain a small dermatology clinic in the state. Therefore, they are more often found in the central regional polyclinics and specialized medical institutions.
Children are very active. Often they can damage the skin, become infected with skin diseases from animals. It is the children's dermatologist who will render the most qualified help to the child and help to get rid of the problem as soon as possible.
When should I contact a pediatric dermatologist?
Children's dermatologist is not in every clinic, but it is worth finding a way to get to a consultation with this specialist in a number of cases.
First of all, you need to contact a pediatric dermatologist for any suspicious change in skin condition, especially if there is no idea of the reasons for it. Suspicions can cause spots on the skin, change the skin tone throughout the surface, and also in some individual areas. That de most concerns not only the skin, but also the mucous membranes. They can also develop rashes and they can change color and shade. Any changes to the scalp deserve special attention. All patients and their loved ones can rarely notice problems with the skin under the hair, but if there are still suspicions that there is not everything in order, then it is worth turning to a children's dermatologist. Also, it is worthwhile to contact a pediatric dermatologist if there are any obvious changes in the smell of perspiration, a specific smell from feet, changes in color, shape, structure of the nails of the legs or hands. Various cracks in the skin, manifestations of eczema, psoriasis, the manifestation of vascular nets on the skin - all these are the reasons for resorting to a children's dermatologist.
Such an urgent problem for teenagers as acne and acne, dandruff, hair growth, too, can get a more active solution with the help of a children's dermatologist.
Even if there are no obvious dermatological problems, a periodic visit to such a doctor as a children's dermatologist will not be superfluous and will only positively affect the overall health.
What tests should I take when I contact a pediatric dermatologist?
A pediatric dermatologist can often use laboratory research data in his work.
Therefore, when contacting a pediatric dermatologist, some tests may be necessary. The most common analysis is a general clinical blood test. He can tell a lot about the patient's health. Mostly a children's dermatologist can assess the overall health of the child, find out the presence of inflammatory processes in the body.
Also for a dermatologist, such an analysis familiar to everyone as a urinalysis will be important . It is he who provides a lot of information about metabolic processes in the body
To more specialized analyzes include scrapings of skin and mucous membranes. They can be studied under a microscope, and also make crops for studying the microbiological background.
Such tests as allergic tests are also often prescribed by a children's dermatologist.
There are a number of immunological tests. For example, the study of the content of immunoglobulins in the blood .
Sometimes it may be necessary not just scraping the skin, but her biopsy, that is, selecting a skin site for a more detailed and in-depth analysis. In some cases, a dermatologist can prescribe selective tests for the presence of certain infections in the body, such as human papillomavirus, herpes. Other infections. This can be as blood tests, and smears and scrapings.
Those tests that the children's dermatologist appoints can open up completely new information about the patient and help in solving not only dermatological problems.
What diagnostic methods does the children's dermatologist use?
The children's dermatologist uses different methods of diagnosis in his work. The first of them is a general examination of the skin and mucous membranes. Often practicing physicians can only use this method of diagnosis, since with proper experience and knowledge a simple examination can inform more than enough information about the existing problem. Examination of the skin and mucous membranes in general a fairly common method of diagnosis in medicine and is used not only by a dermatologist, but also by many other doctors.
In addition, the dermatologist in his work uses a method of diagnosis, such as dermatoscopy. This study of skin and mucous samples, scrapings, smears with light microscopy. This method allows you to identify parasites, to study the place of skin lesions in more detail.
Diseases of the skin and mucous membranes are often caused by microbial pathogens. Therefore, one of the main methods of work of a children's dermatologist is a microbiological analysis. For this purpose, crops of selected material are sown to various nutrient media. This is necessary for a more accurate selection of medicines. When creating a crop of samples, it is possible to check the effectiveness of various drugs on a direct pathogen.
In addition, dermatological diseases are often associated with other health problems.
This requires diagnostic methods that take into account other diseases. So, if there are problems of an allergic nature, then there will be a need to use skin allergic tests. If the vascular system of the body is disrupted, then there is a need for angiographic research. If the disease is associated with the intestinal tract, then a proctologic and otolaryngological examination may be required.
Consultations of a dermatologist may be necessary for a number of autoimmune diseases. In this case, it is necessary to carry out immunofluorization.
Periodically, there is a need for a histological examination of affected areas of the skin.
Methods of diagnosis for children dermatologist selects in each case individually for obtaining the most complete information about the disease.
What does the children's dermatologist do?
A children's dermatologist can perform a wide variety of functions. First of all, he deals with the diagnosis and treatment of skin, hair and nail diseases. But in addition, this specialist is involved in the complex diagnosis of a number of other diseases that can indirectly cause certain manifestations on the skin. A children's dermatologist will help determine the causes of various types of rash, recommend the necessary examination procedures to identify the exact causes of the disease.
In addition, the children's dermatologist is engaged in the prevention of various diseases. It is he who will help to select competently the child various creams from sunburn, choose a suitable shampoo and skin care products. It is to the children's dermatologist that you should address questions about the quality, composition and design features of children's clothing. The latter is now especially relevant. Despite the huge variety of children's bed and clothes, which attracts colorful patterns and original design, it is important to understand that the dyes can have a very serious pathogenic effect on the baby and damage not only his skin, but also through skin damage enter the body and weighed the condition of the internal bodies. Therefore, the conclusions of the children's dermatologist regarding the quality of certain children's products, which can include not only clothing and bedding, but also toys, utensils, personal hygiene products, such as toothbrushes, basts and towels, deserve very close attention.
A child's dermatologist can conduct not only an abstract analysis, but also subject to detailed study the subjects with which the child contacts to identify harmful substances or parasites in them.
A pediatric dermatologist can give a qualitative consultation on almost any issues of contact of the child with the external environment.
What diseases are treated by a children's dermatologist?
A pediatric dermatologist can potentially treat the same diseases as representatives of other specializations in dermatology. It can be dermatitis of various severity and different origin, acne and acne. In addition, it is the dermatologist who will deal with such problems as human papillomavirus, herpes, molluscum contagiosum, as well as all diseases that appear under the action of these pathogens. Also, the dermatologist is engaged in such a relevant disease today, as fungal lesions of the skin and nails. To the list of diseases that the dermatologist treats, you can also add such known as vitiligo, seborrhea, lichen (various forms), demodecosis, pediculosis, candidiasis.
But it should be taken into account that it is the children's dermatologist who, in most cases, does not face the whole spectrum of diseases. For children, problems such as pediculosis, lichen, and allergies are often topical. For older children, such diseases as acne, demodicosis, the appearance of human papillomavirus and herpes, fungal infections of the skin and nails of the legs can become actual. For very young children, a trip to a children's dermatologist can be associated with candida of the oral cavity, atopic or allergic dermatitis, any problems with the baby's skin that cause concern for parents and the pediatrician.
In any case, a children's dermatologist can help in case of a variety of problems and with skin and hair. There are quite rare diseases, and it is the children's dermatologist who can most accurately and in detail make the diagnosis of the situation.
Advices for children's dermatologist
The children's dermatologist will help with his recommendations to avoid many problems:
- Observe personal hygiene and take a shower every day.
- Keep an eye on the quality of the cleaning agents used, such as shower gels, soap, bath foam.
- In case of allergies, carefully study the composition of all the products that were used in the near future.
- Do not give someone personal care, and also use others. The same applies to a toothbrush, bast, sneakers or other footwear that contacts the skin of the feet.
- Use skin softening agents, especially when frequent contact with excessively chlorinated or hard water occurs. To such means can concern various creams, molochko for a body, humidifying sprays.
- Underwear, as well as the rest of clothing, often in contact with the surface of the skin, should be made of natural fabrics and allow for a normal heat exchange on the surface of the skin.
- Do not abuse various deodorants and antiperspirants, which violate the processes of natural sweating.
- In no case can not go to bed without washing off cosmetics from the skin of the face and body.
- Combs must meet safety requirements, do not use combs that damage the scalp.
- If any suspicious manifestations occur on the skin, you should consult a doctor.
Observing the advice given by the children's dermatologist, you will be able to maintain your health for a long time, as well as a good mood.