Vitamins and their properties

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 20.11.2021

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Vitamins are substances that are biologically active, so many processes in the human body are activated. Thanks to vitamins, we become more cheerful, get vitality and strength. More details about the properties of vitamins.

Why do I need vitamins?

Why do I need vitamins?

Vitamins have different chemical composition, but they have one effect - they help to assimilate useful substances from products and additives. Vitamins also help to regenerate the cells of the body and multiply.

All vitamins have the property to increase immunity, reduce the level of bad cholesterol, activate and enrich the blood composition. Vitamins also actively fight against aging, maintain the human body in normal condition, strengthen the processes of tissue regeneration.

What is known from the history of vitamins

Vitamins were discovered not so long ago - at the end of the 19th century. Since then, almost three dozen vitamins have been discovered. Almost all of them are necessary for the body to fight with various diseases of the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, liver diseases, vitamins are very necessary for people, weakened by constipation, colitis, diarrhea. Pregnant vitamins are needed as anyone. They need them more and more every day of pregnancy.

When a person has colds or flu, he needs a lot of ascorbic acid, that is, vitamin C. And the more complicated the process, the heavier the human condition is affected by the lack of vitamin C.

What is dangerous is the lack of vitamins

If the body lacks vitamins, the metabolism slows down, the person has weakness, severe fatigue, headaches, the functions of internal organs may be disrupted. The nervous system also suffers, and with it the immune system is weakened.

If the body lacks vitamin D, children can suffer from rickets, because there is not enough lime left in the bones, they can not get stronger and bend. The shape of the body from this also change shape, the child can have too thin and thin hands and feet, they are weak, can not perform their functions.

But if vitamin D is excessive, this also has a negative effect on the body. Then the calcium, which is part of the bone tissue, passes from it to other organs and takes away the beneficial substances from the heart, kidneys, intestines, and liver. From this, the functions of the internal organs are violated, they do not work well, and the person is very unwell.

Combinations of vitamins

When a person consumes natural vitamins from vegetables and fruits, their downside is that they may be lacking. In natural products it is difficult to calculate the amount and combination of vitamins that are used. But in pharmacy complexes, the doses and ratios of vitamins are calculated and even written on the label.

But the plus of natural vitamins is that they are well absorbed, much better than the pharmacy products. Unnatural vitamins the body can perceive as foreign ingredients, and respond to them with allergy or simply poorly digest. Therefore, an overdose of pharmaceutical products can be dangerous, and an overdose of conventional products has almost no negative effects on the body.

For comparison: the body can react to ascorbic acid in capsules with allergy, but on the rose hips in the infusion - the improvement of all functions. Although both, and in another source contains ascorbic acid.

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Properties of vitamins

Vitamin C - ascorbic acid - takes an active part in the formation of proteins - a building material for our cells. Without ascorbic function of the brain worsen. Without ascorbic acid, collagen fibers will not form, which gives elasticity and flexibility to muscles, ligaments and tendons. Collagen is a part of 40% of all protein connections of the body.

Vitamins B12 and nicotinic acid are essential for strengthening the nervous system. If they are missing, a person starts looking for nicotinic acid in cigarettes and can not quit smoking. Vitamin B12 also promotes the synthesis of blood cells in the bone marrow. This vitamin accumulates in the liver due to another substance - vitamin B2.

When a person has impaired liver, gallbladder function, vitamins K, A, B6, C (folic acid), B12 are extremely necessary for the health of these organs. When vitamin A deficiency changes their structure and deforms the mucous membranes of the organs, in particular, the gall bladder. This increases the risk of stones in the liver, kidneys and gall bladder.

Address to the endocrinologist for analyzes of your status and appointment of correct doses and ratios of vitamins. Best of all pharmacy products are not the individual vitamins, but their complexes.

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