Products for pancreatitis: what can and what can not?

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 13.10.2022

All iLive content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure as much factual accuracy as possible.

We have strict sourcing guidelines and only link to reputable media sites, academic research institutions and, whenever possible, medically peer reviewed studies. Note that the numbers in parentheses ([1], [2], etc.) are clickable links to these studies.

If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate, out-of-date, or otherwise questionable, please select it and press Ctrl + Enter.

Inflammation of the pancreas or pancreatitis is a disease accompanied by periodic exacerbations that provoke inappropriate nutrition for such a diagnosis. The function of this organ is to produce enzymes necessary for the processing of food in the duodenum. With pancreatitis, they do not enter there, but are activated in the gland itself, damaging its own tissues. Manifestations of pathology are very painful and unpleasant, so it is best for the patient to know the effect of various products on the state of the pancreas.

Recommended foods for pancreatitis

A patient with pancreatitis should be guided by a therapeutic diet No. 5, which prescribes a dietary method of cooking, thermal and chemical sparing of the organ, fractional but frequent meals, exclusion from the menu of spicy, sour, smoked, fried, alcohol - products that stimulate the synthesis of pancreatic juice.

What foods are useful for pancreatitis and what can you eat? The list of the most necessary can be as follows:

  • bakery products - not perfectly fresh wheat bread (preferably yesterday's pastries), crackers made from it themselves;
  • meat products - chicken, rabbit, veal, turkey (boiled);
  • fish - low-fat varieties (perch, pike, cod, hake, pollock, pollock), steamed or boiled;
  • eggs - 1-2 per week (steam omelet);
  • cereals - buckwheat, rice, oatmeal, barley, semolina;
  • sour-milk and dairy - low-fat cottage cheese, kefir, fermented baked milk, yogurt without fillers and flavors, milk only for adding to food;
  • vegetables - carrots, beets, potatoes, cauliflower, broccoli, zucchini;
  • fats - vegetable and butter (add to cooked dishes);
  • fruits - bananas, baked low-fat apples, pears;
  • drinks - compote of their dried fruits, rosehip broth, weak tea;
  • first courses - cooked on a secondary meat broth.

Prohibited and harmful foods for pancreatitis

Harmful foods that can harm pancreatitis include:

  • fatty meats and fish;
  • ducks and geese;
  • sausages;
  • whole milk;
  • fresh rye bread;
  • mushrooms;
  • millet groats;
  • legumes;
  • from vegetables white cabbage, radish, radish;
  • onion, garlic, sorrel;
  • rich broths;
  • coffee, carbonated drinks, strong tea.

Smoking, pickles and marinades, fruit juices, alcohol, especially wines, champagne, sodas, chocolate, cakes and pastries, frying foods in any oil, eating hot or cold dishes are absolutely prohibited.

Products for acute pancreatitis

Acute pancreatitis causes very painful attacks in the upper abdomen, often girdle pain, nausea, vomiting, severe weakness, and undigested stools. This is a life-threatening condition, it requires an immediate response and hunger for the first two days, cold on the pancreas, rest.

From the third day, a limited composition of products on the menu is introduced:

  • mashed boiled vegetables;
  • mucous soups;
  • steamed egg white omelet;
  • casseroles;
  • baked apples, pears.

All dishes should be eaten in a warm state, eat small portions once, eating 5-6 times a day. This scheme is maintained for 5-7 days, and then they switch to diet No. 5.

Products for chronic pancreatitis

Chronic pancreatitis does not require such a strict diet and, nevertheless, it is necessary to develop certain rules regarding nutrition and make them your way of life, because real culinary masterpieces can also be created from healthy products. The main thing is to limit carbohydrates and fats.

For the hostess in the kitchen, it’s even easier not to guard the foam near the pan to collect it, but to drain the first broth. Boiled meat is used as a second course, vegetables are more convenient, tastier and faster to bake than to fry in a pan.

You need to give up sour, unripe vegetables and fruits, because in fact, ripe ones are much tastier.

Products for pancreatitis and cholecystitis

Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder) and pancreatitis are inextricably linked, because. The organs that have undergone a pathological process are located nearby, and their functions are similar - entry into the duodenum and food processing.

In many ways, nutrition with these diagnoses does not contradict each other: restrictions on fatty foods, dietary cooking, avoidance of foods that stimulate food enzymes and bile, fractional.

With a divergence of "interests", it is necessary to exclude a product or dish that is unsuitable for another organ. Legumes are an example - good for the gall, bad for the gland, or even low-fat ice cream - the pancreas does not like cold.

Products for exacerbation of pancreatitis

Periods with more subtle manifestations of pancreatic disease periodically alternate with exacerbations provoked by errors in the diet. At this time, you should switch to a more strict diet, grind food, monitor its temperature, give preference to boiled and baked vegetables, drink heated mineral water without gas 30-90 minutes before eating (Narzan, Essentuki No. 4, 17). There are small portions, but often. In general, focus on recommendations regarding acute pancreatitis.

Products for pancreatitis and gastritis

Gastritis is the common name for inflammatory-dystrophic changes in the gastric mucosa. There are various classifications of this pathology, including depending on acidity, localization, duration of the course and other factors. Most often, a companion of pancreatitis is chronic gastritis with high acidity (hyperacid).

The task of nutrition in one and the other case is not to provoke excessive secretion of pancreatic and gastric juice. In many ways, the food is the same, but there are some contradictions. So, with this form of gastritis, it is useful to drink fat milk, but sour-milk products are undesirable. With inflammation of the pancreas, the opposite is true and a compromise is important here.

Protein products for pancreatitis

Preference for pancreatitis should be given to protein foods, but food with coarse fiber is bad for the body. Therefore, vegetable protein should be of a soft structure, it is advisable to remove the skin from permitted vegetables and fruits, consume them in a thermally processed form. The animal is obtained from dietary meats.

Products that provoke pancreatitis (cabbage, radish, tomatoes in large quantities, grapes, pomegranates, pork, fatty beef from meat products) must be excluded even during a period of stable remission.

Translation Disclaimer: The original language of this article is Russian. For the convenience of users of the iLive portal who do not speak Russian, this article has been translated into the current language, but has not yet been verified by a native speaker who has the necessary qualifications for this. In this regard, we warn you that the translation of this article may be incorrect, may contain lexical, syntactic and grammatical errors.

You are reporting a typo in the following text:
Simply click the "Send typo report" button to complete the report. You can also include a comment.