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Creams from sunburn

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 10.08.2022
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Many of us know that the ultraviolet rays emitted by the sun are harmful to the health of the skin. Therefore, in order to protect themselves from their negative influence, experts recommend buying sunscreen.

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Indications for use

Long stay in the sun leads to the fact that the human body begins to allocate sweat faster, losing water and trace elements. This is especially reflected in lean people. It is worth understanding that if the body loses too much water, then it can inflict severe and sometimes irreparable harm. Sunburn leads to the development of negative rapid - sunburn and heat stroke, and the delayed effect - the formation of malignant skin lesions (basal cell carcinoma and melanoma), premature aging of the skin. That's why sunscreen is an indispensable thing for those who spend a lot of time under the sun.

Various means of sunburn will be useful to those who are ill for chronic diseases (lupus erythematosus, neurasthenia, heart and vascular disease). And also those whose skin is sensitive to ultraviolet light.

Composition of sunscreen creams

The composition of modern means for solar protection usually consists of chemical and physical filters. Chemical filters when applied to the skin mostly absorb harmful ultraviolet. The most popular among them are:

  1. Benzophenone.
  2. Avobenzone.

With the help of physical filters, an invisible barrier is created on the skin that repels the sun's rays of the B spectrum. Among them today are:

  1. Zinc oxide.
  2. Titanium dioxide.

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Titles

To date, you can find a huge range of different sunscreen creams. All of them differ in the degree of protection from ultraviolet radiation, composition and additional functions (for example, many manufacturers produce water-repellent creams).

Among the most popular tools are the following:

  1. Barrier.
  2. Garnier.
  3. Niveja.
  4. Floresan.
  5. Avon.
  6. My Sunshine.
  7. Vichy.
  8. Panthenol.
  9. Loreal.
  10. La Roche.

It's about them that we'll talk about in this article.

Cream Barrier

Anti-inflammatory cream Barrier creates a special protective film on the surface of the skin that helps protect you from the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation, as well as allergens. The cream does not clog pores on the skin and does not change its pH balance. It is fairly easy to apply, as it is very quickly absorbed. The manufacturer claims that the product is great for people with sensitive and dry skin.

In the Barrier creams, you can find various extracts of plants that help moisturize and soften the skin. Apply the product at least twice a day with a thin layer and rub well until the cream is absorbed.

Suntan Cream Garnier

The cosmetics manufacturer Garnier produces quite a few different sunscreens that suit people with different skin types. The most popular today is the line Ambre Solaire, which includes creams with different degrees of SPF protection. They all have a hypoallergenic formula, so they are recommended for sensitive skin. Among the products you can find revolutionary tools with SPF protection 50+, which helps to protect yourself even from the strongest sun rays.

Creams from sunburn Garnier help stimulate the production of pigment melanin. It helps to get an even and natural tan, while protecting the skin from ultraviolet radiation.

In the composition of Garnier creams you can find such components: a vitamin complex and plant extracts. Thanks to them, the products perfectly protect your skin from sunburn and insolation. Extracts of plants restore and moisturize the skin, providing it with the necessary nutrition. On the skin appears an invisible protective film, which protects it from the harmful effects of sunlight.

Creams are recommended to apply for five to ten minutes before going to the beach.

Nivea Cream

The line of sunscreen products from the company Nivea is called Sun. Most creams in it have excellent moisturizing properties, so not only help protect your skin, but also nourish it. It is worth to separately highlight Nivea cream-lotion "Protection and Tanning", which is available with two degrees of SPF (10 and 20). The product does not allow sunburn on the skin, but it does not interfere with the appearance of a natural and even tan. The Nivea cream contains a special herbal extract, which allows to increase the amount of melanin produced.

The formula of the cream is not greasy, but it also moisturizes well. The main advantage of the product can be called the fact that it protects directly from the rays of the spectrum of A and B. Also, the cream is water resistant, but this does not mean that one application is enough for the whole day on the beach. Apply the product immediately before going out into the sun. Try to update the layer of the cream at least every two hours.

Tanning cream Floresan

Floresan produces quite a few different sunscreen products, but it's worth highlighting the "Full Block" cream barrier that helps to completely protect your skin from the sun's rays of spectra B and A. Also, the remedy is fighting with pigmentation, which can cause ultraviolet.

Cream barrier is recommended for people with sun allergies, with intolerance to ultraviolet rays and increased tendency to pigmentation. The composition of the cream "Floresan" includes vitamin E, as well as aloe vera. They help to moisturize the skin, restore its natural protective barrier. Is water resistant.

In addition, the composition of the product also includes: zinc oxide, coconut oil, glycerin, d-panthenol, marigold extract, titanium dioxide.

It is recommended to apply on clean and dry skin before going out in the sun. Do not forget to repeat the application every two to three hours.

Avon Cream

Avon's "Sun +" products are distinguished in that they help protect the skin from sunlight UVA and UVB, and also increase the activity of cells, which contributes to the development of vitamin D essential for the skin. Among the main sunscreens Avon, several means can be distinguished:

  • Sunscreen for sensitive skin with moisturizing effect SPF25 - it contains vitamin E and panthenol, which actively protects the upper layers of the epidermis. It features hypoallergenic formula, light and non-greasy texture.

  • Sunscreen for sensitive skin with moisturizing effect SPF50 - contains Vitamin E and Aloe Vera extract. It has a very high degree of protection from ultraviolet and a non-greasy texture, which is easy to apply.
  • Sunscreen for the face with a moisturizing effect - the composition includes the provitamin complex B5. The product has a very light formula, moisturizing properties and excellent protection against ultraviolet light.

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Tanning cream "My Sun"

The Russian manufacturer offers an inexpensive sunblock "My Sun" with SPF30. This product is intended to protect the delicate skin of the baby from the harmful effects of sunlight. It includes only safe for the child's health filters, vitamin E and marigold extract, which provide the maximum level of protection for a long time.

The cream helps not only prevent sunburn, but also gently nourishes and softens the skin. It should be applied to avoid the development of inflammation, overdrying, loss of moisture. The cream is recommended to apply in small amounts, lightly rubbing into the skin. During the day, especially if the baby remains in the sun, the protective layer should be renewed.

Panthenol

Cream Panthenol is a regenerating and soothing agent that is recommended to be applied after getting light sunburn or before going out to the sun for their prevention.

The active active ingredient is Panthenol, which helps to produce pantothenic acid. It is she who takes part in the regenerative processes of the epidermis, the synthesis of elastin and collagen.

For maximum effect, Panthenol cream should be applied to the skin before going out into the sun or on damaged areas (with sunburn).

Vichy Cream

The most popular sunscreen from Vichi is balm, which is applied to eliminate discomfort after receiving light sunburn. It helps to repair damaged epidermal cells. Thanks to active ingredients (epilob extract, shea butter and soy, thermal water and vitamin E), the skin quickly calms down, redness disappears, the fever stops. Also, balm helps restore the natural balance of the skin and moisturize it.

To heal the damaged epidermis, apply a small amount to those areas that have received burns. Should be applied repeatedly every two to three hours.

Sunblock PPD

PPD is a factor that is present in some modern sun protection creams. It indicates the degree of protection of cutaneous cut from the negative influence of ultraviolet radiation. Working in conjunction with another factor (SPF), he copes well with moisturizing and nourishing the skin in the summer. In addition, thanks to him, the epidermis is well protected against photoaging and sunburn.

What is needed in sunscreen PPD? First of all, it is necessary to understand what types of sun rays affect our skin. There are only two of them:

  1. And the spectrum is ultraviolet rays with a long wave that penetrate deep enough into the layers of the epidermis. It is this spectrum that causes premature aging of the skin and damages the cells of the dermis. Its effect is noticeable in a few years, when wrinkles and flabbiness appear on the skin.
  2. In the spectrum are ultraviolet rays with an average wave. They also negatively affect the condition of the skin. It is because of them on the skin appears sunburn and sunburn.

In sunscreens with PPD, there is additional protection from ultraviolet waves from the A spectrum. This abbreviation can be deciphered as: a factor of permanent pigmentation darkening.

La Roche Cream

If you do not want to wait long, until sunscreen is absorbed by you, you can buy a remedy from La Roche company "Anthelios XL". It is a quick-drying gel cream, which has a very high degree of protection against ultraviolet rays. Recommended for use by people with combination and oily skin, as it differs matting effect.

Protects from the sunlight of two spectra (A and B). Suitable for skin that is prone to allergic reactions. Does not leave a greasy shine.

For use, apply a small amount on the skin of the body and face before going to the beach. It should be repeated every two hours, and after bathing. The remedy is contraindicated for children under 12 years old.

Loreal Cream

The French manufacturer L'Oreal offers many different products for protection from sunlight. But the most popular is a cream from wrinkles and other signs of skin aging, which appear after a long stay in the sun.

It has a degree of protection SPF30, therefore it helps to effectively combat the signs of photoaging. As part of the cream, nutritional and moisturizing components that actively protect the epidermis from the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation. It is characterized by a low-fat and non-sticky structure, so it is easy to apply to the skin and does not cause any inconvenience.

To get an effective result, you need to apply the cream on your face every time before you leave the house.

Sun protection cream with a high degree of protection

All sunburn creams differ in the degree of protection from sunlight that enter the spectra A and B. On the packaging of any sunscreen, you can find the abbreviation SPF (UV protection factor). As a rule, it ranges from two to thirty. It is worthwhile to understand, the higher the SPF, the longer you can stay in the sun without harm to health. To get the exact time to stay under the sun, multiply the factor of the protection factor by twenty minutes.

The choice of SPF is necessary depending on the type of skin:

  1. People with dark or slightly tanned skin can safely take creams with a protective factor of 2-4.
  2. If you are sunbathing for several days and you never get burns, you can choose creams with SPF 5-10.
  3. People with pale skin or with high sensitivity to sunlight should always use agents with a factor of 11 to 30.

A high degree of protection distinguishes those sunscreens that have an SPF level of 10 to 15. They help protect, approximately, from 95% of ultraviolet rays. Such a result is quite good, but remember that they do not suit everyone.

Sunblock 30

If we talk about creams with an SPF level of protection from 20 to 30, then we can say with confidence that they are more intensely fighting with ultraviolet. As a rule, they protect from 97% of harmful sun rays that get on our skin.

Among the most popular sunburn creams with SPF 30 are:

  1. ZO Skin Health Oclipse Sunscreen + Primer SPF 30 - perfect for those who have too much oily skin. It provides really gentle skin care. Does not leave a greasy shine on it.
  2. DDF, Enhancing Sun Protection SPF 30 - smooths the complexion of the face and protects it from the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays. This tool is recommended for women with a very fatty skin type. 

Suntan lotion 50

Creams from sunburn with the level of SPF 50 and higher are very popular today. Manufacturers assure that such products can cope with 99.5% of ultraviolet rays that fall on our skin.

But it is worth noting that there is no significant difference in the protection between creams with SPF30 and SPF50. Moreover, some ultra-high-end creams today do not meet the standards already adopted.

Whitening creams from sunburn

Often tanning falls unevenly, the skin appears unpleasant in appearance pigmented spots, from which you want to quickly get rid of. If such a problem is familiar to you, then it is necessary to purchase special bleaching creams from sunburn. Among all the products, the Floresan SPF 35 whitening cream is especially prominent.

This cream was created specifically for those who need an additional whitening effect. Moreover, the protective block SPF in this medium is high enough that it allows it to cope with its main task - to protect the skin from ultraviolet radiation. The composition of the cream includes: parsley, cucumber and horseradish extract, lactic acid and vitamin C. It is with their help that the skin tone is leveled, the amount of pigmentation spots and freckles is noticeably reduced.

Also among the active components of bleaching cream from the tan Floresan give away hyaluronic acid (moisturizing and nourishing the skin).

Apply the product recommended on a dry and clean skin before taking a sun bath. If you performed water procedures, the application should be repeated.

Waterproof sunblock

Waterproof sunscreen creams are very popular among customers. This can be explained by their special property - it is good to carry water procedures, protecting the delicate skin from harmful ultraviolet even in water. But it is worthwhile to understand that even water-resistant products need re-application after a long bath or stay in the sun.

Among the known sunscreen creams with a water-resistant formula are:

  1. Dermacol waterproof sunblock with SPF30 - has a double effect (protects against UVA and UVB). The cream contains vitamin E, grape seed oil and beta-carotene. Thanks to these components, the skin will be distinguished by a smooth and beautiful tan without harm to health.
  2. Frais Monde Waterproof suntan cream with olive oil with SPF36 - the ingredients include amine dimethyl, thermal water, avocado oil, olive oil, aloe vera, jojoba oil, hydrolyzed castor oil.

Which sunblock is best for the baby?

The development of baby skin is gradual. Only in three years of life the cells in the epidermis are finally formed, which are responsible for the production of a special substance - melanin. Too much ultraviolet light can do much harm to the child's body. Up to three years, you should always keep the baby from the sun, and from three years allowed to use special sunburn creams. Find special products for babies from 0-6 months also possible, but only in professional pharmacies. Be prepared for the cost of such drugs to be very high.

To select an effective sunscreen for a child, you must carefully read the instructions for each product. Usually manufacturers specify, from what age it is possible to use their cosmetics. There are also special creams for children. Rely on well-known companies that have long been engaged in such products: Bybchen, Chikko, Mustella, Grinmama, Sanosan, My sun. Many effective sunscreen creams for babies are also available from such manufacturers: Avon, Biokon, Garnier.

Dosing and Administration

Apply the sunburn cream to the previously cleaned and dried skin for twenty to thirty minutes before going out for sunbathing. Avoid contact with eyes. Repeat the procedure as necessary (at least every 2-3 hours) or after bathing.

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Cream after sunburn after sunburn

Of course, no one is immune from sunburn, so it is worth knowing which sunburn creams are the most effective and popular.

  1. Panthenol - perhaps, one of the best tools that helps cure all kinds of burns. Including solar. The active ingredient is d-panthenol. Apply the cream directly to the damaged areas.
  2. Sylveder cream is a means of antibacterial action. The active ingredient is silver sulfadiazine. Apply to damaged skin in small amounts and allow to soak.

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Use during pregnancy

In pregnancy, it is best to use a tanning cream based on minerals that does not penetrate deeply into the skin and does not cause irritation. It is very important that the remedy has a high level of protection for SPF and PPD, since the skin of a pregnant woman is more prone to sunburn.

It is important to apply sunscreen during pregnancy, at least 15 minutes before exposure to the sun. This is done to ensure that its components have time to act and create a protective barrier on the skin. Do not save the drug, apply it fairly thick. It is very important to repeat the application every two hours or after bathing.

Harm from sunscreens

The ideal remedy for the sun should block all the ultraviolet rays that pass through the layers of the epidermis. In order for the cream to work properly, it should be on the skin for at least three hours and work so that no chemicals are formed which are very harmful to the human body. What harm can the cream cause from sunburn to our skin?

  1. Do not hope that the sunscreen will save you from skin cancer. According to studies conducted in 2007 by the Sanitary Inspection for the Quality of Food and Drug Administration, there is no evidence of their effectiveness.
  2. Some studies have shown that melanoma develops more often in those people who use sunburn creams.
  3. Too much protection for SPF can lead to a decrease in the amount of vitamin D in the body.
  4. As part of some creams you can find vitamin A, which increases the risk of getting cancer.

Allergy to sunblock

Usually, an allergy to a sunburn cream can manifest as allergic contact dermatitis or contact photoallergies. The first kind develops, if the person puts a cream from sunburn on an integument. Within 2 hours after application, the skin begins to turn red and itch. As a rule, the inflammation has the form of blisters or rashes. Also open wounds may appear.

Photoallergy is manifested, approximately, the same way. But it appears only after the interaction of the applied cream with the sun's rays. Allergic reactions can be caused by the following components: oxybenzone, PABA, avobenzone. Usually, the inflammation very quickly passes (day or two days). To calm the itching, it is necessary to wash the cream off the body well. Irritation helps to remove compresses and special lotions. For the removal of inflammation, corticosteroids can be prescribed. This allergy is very rare.

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Storage conditions and shelf life

Usually, sunburn creams are stored in a dark place at a temperature of no higher than +30 degrees. It is very important that the place is inaccessible to children. Shelf life of the closed tube is three years. An open cream can be used no more than half a year.

Best Sunblock

It is difficult to say with certainty which sunblock is best for you. Of course, modern means have a lot of positive feedback, but the best still need to be selected individually.

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Attention!

To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Creams from sunburn" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.

Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.

Translation Disclaimer: The original language of this article is Russian. For the convenience of users of the iLive portal who do not speak Russian, this article has been translated into the current language, but has not yet been verified by a native speaker who has the necessary qualifications for this. In this regard, we warn you that the translation of this article may be incorrect, may contain lexical, syntactic and grammatical errors.

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