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The first successfully transplanted organ was the kidney (Murray J., Boston, USA, 1954). It was a related transplantation: the donor was an identical twin of a recipient suffering from chronic renal failure. In 1963, T. Shartzl in Denver (USA) initiated the clinical transplantation of the liver, but the real success was achieved only in 1967.

Трансплантация роговицы: процедура, прогноз

The most frequent indications for corneal transplantation are bullous keratopathy (artifacial, endothelial dystrophy of Fuchs, aphakic), keratoconus, repeated transplantation of tissues, keratitis (viral, bacterial, fungal, Acanthamoeba, perforation) and corneal stromal dystrophy.

Трансплантация тканей: процедура, прогноз

Skin allografts are used in patients with extensive burns and other conditions with massive loss of skin. Allografts are used to cover large affected surfaces and, thus, reduce the loss of tissue fluid and proteins and prevent the development of invasive infections.

Трансплантация тонкого кишечника: процедура, прогноз

Small bowel transplantation is indicated in patients with malabsorption syndrome associated with intestinal diseases (gastroschisis, Hirschsprung's disease, autoimmune enteritis) or with intestinal resection (mesenteric thromboembolism or common Crohn's disease)

Трансплантация островковых клеток поджелудочной железы: процедура, прогноз

Transplantation of islet cells of the pancreas has theoretical advantages in comparison with the whole organ transplantation: the procedure is less invasive, the islets can be stored in cryopreserved, which makes it possible to optimize the transplantation time.

Трансплантация поджелудочной железы

Pancreas transplantation is a form of replacement of pancreatic p-cells, which allows to restore the normal blood sugar level - normoglycemia - in diabetic patients.

Трансплантация легких

Lung transplantation - the possibility of saving life for patients with respiratory failure, with a high risk of death, despite optimal medication.

Трансплантация печени: процедура, прогноз

Liver transplantation takes the 2nd place among transplantation of solid organs. The indications are cirrhosis of the liver (70% of transplants in the US, 60-70% of which are associated with hepatitis C); fulminant liver necrosis (about 8%); hepatocellular carcinoma (about 7%)

Трансплантация почек

Kidney transplantation is the most common type of organ transplantation; the main indication is the terminal stage of kidney failure.

Трансплантация гемопоэтических стволовых клеток: процедура, прогноз

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (TSCC) is a rapidly developing technology that can potentially help cure malignant diseases of the blood (leukemia, lymphoma, myeloma) and other hematologic diseases (eg, primary immunodeficiency, aplastic anemia, myelodysplasia).

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